- Isaac Allerton
Infobox musical artist
Name = Isaac Allerton
Landscape = yes
Birth_name = Isaac Allerton
Born = c. 1586 in
St. Andrews under Shaft, London
1 April 1659in New Haven, Connecticut
Isaac Allerton (c. 1585 or 1586 - 1659) was one of the original
Pilgrimfathers who came on the " Mayflower" to settle the Plymouth Colonyin 1620. Allerton is an ancestor to Presidents of the United States Zachary Taylorand Franklin D. Roosevelt.
He is believed to have been born in
London, England, about 1585 or 1586 and was raised to become a tailor. A religious non-conformist, he apparently followed the Scroobyexiles to Leiden, Holland as a young man. There he married his first wife, Mary Norris, in November 1611.
Accompanying Isaac and Mary on the "Mayflower" were their three children: Bartholemew, Remember, and Mary, and a servant boy named John Hooke. Allerton's wife and Hooke died in the first winter at the Plymouth Colony. Allerton also had a
stillbornson by his wife Mary while they were on the ship in Plymouth Harbor. Allerton remarried to Fear Brewster, the daughter of William Brewsterin 1626. With her he had another son naming him Isaac Allerton Jr.
Allerton quickly rose to prominence among the Pilgrim leaders, serving as William Bradford's assistant governor during the early years of the colony. After the adoption of a more formalized governmental structure in 1624, he served again as one of five assistant governors. In 1627, he became one of the eight "undertakers" of the colony's debt and made several voyages to
Londonto negotiate with the colony's creditors.
Allerton the Businessman
While serving as the colony's business agent, Allerton began several business ventures of his own, relying on the colony's credit for collateral. These ventures failed, thus leaving his colleagues back in Plymouth saddled with a greatly increased debt. Also, Allerton was asked to bring over trade goods to sell to the natives, however, Allerton brought over retail goods to sell to the colonists and fishermen who came over every year. Later on Allerton did not mark which goods were his and which belonged to the colony. When the goods were unloaded, Allerton took the most expensive items leaving the Plymouth colonists with the cheaper goods. In 1629 Allerton brought
Thomas Mortonback to New England, and allowed him to live in his house; this got the Plymouth colonists very upset. This rendered Allerton permanently " persona non grata" in Plymouth.
Bradford wrote: "Mr. Allerton played his own game and ran a course not only to the great wrong and determent of the Plantation... but abused them in England also in prejudice against the Plantation," and later on he wrote "Concerning Mr. Allerton's accounts. They were so large and intricate as they could not well understand them, much less examine and correct them without a great deal of time and help and his own presence, which was hard to get," and also "he screwed up his poor father in law's account".
Marblehead, Massachusetts, Allerton established a profitable fishingbusiness. Fear Brewster died in 1634, and Allerton married Joanna Swinnerton sometime between 1634 and 1644. He was soon commanded by the Massachusetts authorities to leave the colony. He relocated to New Amsterdamin 1643, where he was a member of the Council of eight men. Two years later, he moved again to the new English settlement at New Haven, Connecticut, where he continued his activities as a merchant.
Allerton died in February 1659 in New Haven and was buried under the town common. Although his estate, when inventoried, appeared to be large, he was in fact found to have died insolvent.
His daughter, Mary, was the last survivor of the "Mayflower" company.
* [http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/Passengers/IsaacAllerton.php Isaac Allerton at MayflowerHistory.com]
* [http://etext.virginia.edu/users/deetz/Plymouth/allerwill.html Last Will and Testament of Isaac Allerton at The Plymouth Colony Archive Project]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Isaac Allerton — (* 1586 in London; † 1659 in New Haven) war einer der ersten Pilger, die im Jahre 1620 mit der Mayflower nach Plymouth übersiedelten. In den Niederlanden heiratete er im November 1611 als junger Mann seine erste Frau, Mary Norris. 1624 wurde… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Isaac Allerton Jr. — Infobox Person name = Isaac Allerton Jr. birth name = Isaac Allerton birth date = c. 1627 birth place = Plymouth, Massachusetts death date = 25 October 1702 death place = Narrow s Plantation, Westmoreland County, Virginia death cause = education … Wikipedia
Isaac Allerton (shipwreck) — The Isaac Allerton was an American ship that sunk convert|15|mi|km east southeast of the island of Key West in the Florida Keys near the Saddlebunch Keys on August 28, 1856 resulting from a hurricane.Artifacts from the ship are currently on… … Wikipedia
Allerton — ist der Name mehrerer Personen: Isaac Allerton (1585 oder 1586–1659), einer der Pilgerväter auf der Mayflower Isaac Allerton (Sohn) (1627–1702), Sohn von Isaac Allerton John Allerton, Passagier auf der Mayflower Orte: in England Allerton… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Allerton — Places= Allerton can refer to one of several places:In the United Kingdom: *Allerton, Merseyside, a suburb of Liverpool, England *Allerton, West Yorkshire, a suburb of Bradford, England *Allerton Mauleverer, a parish between Harrogate and York in … Wikipedia
Allerton — This long established surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a locational name from any of the various places so called. Allerton in Lancashire, Chapel Allerton in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and most of the others in West Yorkshire, are… … Surnames reference
John Allerton — was a passenger aboard the Mayflower, sailing with the Pilgrims from England in 1620, in order to settle in North America. He was listed as a hired man but was apparently related to one of the Pilgrim families onboard, Isaac Allerton s, who all… … Wikipedia
Mary Allerton — Cushman Born June, 1616 Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands Died November 28, 1699(1699 11 28) (aged 83) Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA Spouse Thomas Cushman (m. 1636) … Wikipedia
List of passengers on the Mayflower — This is a list of the 104 passengers onboard the Mayflower during its trans Atlantic voyage of September 6 November 9, 1620, among them the 50 Pilgrim settlers of Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts. The Mayflower launched with 102… … Wikipedia
Zachary Taylor — This article is about the 12th President of the United States. For other uses, see Zachary Taylor (disambiguation). Zachary Taylor 12th President of the United States In offic … Wikipedia