- Brief therapy
Brief therapy is an umbrella term for a variety of approaches to
psychotherapy. It differs from other schools of therapy in that it emphasises (1) a focus on a specific problem and (2) direct intervention. In brief therapy, the therapist takes responsibility for working more pro-actively with the client in order to treat clinical and subjective conditions faster. It also emphasizes precise observation, utilization of natural resources, and temporary suspension of disbelief to consider new perspectives and multiple viewpoints.
Rather than the formal analysis of historical causes of distress, the primary approach of brief therapy is to help the client to view the present from a wider context and to utilize more functional understandings (not necessarily at a conscious level). By becoming aware of these new understandings, successful clients will "de facto" undergo spontaneous and generative change.
Brief therapy is often highly strategic, exploratory, and solution-based rather than problem-oriented. It is less concerned with how a problem arose than with the current factors sustaining it and preventing change. Brief therapists do not adhere to one "correct" approach, but rather accept that there being many paths, any of which may or may not in combination turn out to be ultimately beneficial.
Founding proponents of brief therapy
Milton Ericksonwas a master of brief therapy, using clinical hypnosisas his primary tool. To a great extent he developed this himself. His approach was popularized by Jay Haley, in the book "Uncommon therapy: The psychiatric techniques of Milton Erickson M.D.":"The analogy Erickson uses is that of a person who wants to change the course of a river. if he opposes the river by trying to block it, the river will merely go over and around him. But if he "accepts" the force of the river and diverts it in a new direction, the force of the river will cut a new channel." (Haley, "Uncommon therapy", p.24, emphasis in original) Richard Bandler, the co-founder of neuro-linguistic programming, is another firm proponent of brief therapy. After many years of studying Erickson's therapeutic work, he wrote:
:"It's easier to cure a phobia in ten minutes than in five years... I didn't realize that the speed with which you do things makes them last... I taught people the phobia cure. They'd do part of it one week, part of it the next, and part of it the week after. Then they'd come to me and say "It doesn't work!" If, however, you do it in five minutes, and repeat it till it happens very fast, the brain understands. That's part of how the brain learns... I discovered that the human mind does not learn slowly. It learns quickly. I didn't know that." (Time for a change, 1993, p.20)
Nicholas A. Cummings (Nick Cummings)( brief therapy, focused therapy)
Milton H. Erickson( hypnotherapy, strategic therapy, brief therapy)
Richard Fisch( Brief therapy, strategic therapy)
Paul Watzlawick( Brief therapy, systems theory)
*John Weakland (
Brief therapy, strategic therapy, systems theory)
Solution focused brief therapy
List of counseling topics
* [http://www.nlpschedule.com Information on NLP] A form of Brief Therapy
* [http://www.MRI.org The Mental Research Institute] One of the founding clinics of Brief Therapy and home of a number of the notable therapists mentioned above
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Solution focused brief therapy — (SFBT), often referred to as simply solution focused therapy or brief therapy , is a type of talking therapy that is based upon social constructionist philosophy. It focuses on what clients want to achieve through therapy rather than on the… … Wikipedia
Сокращенная терапия (brief therapy) — Термин «С. т.». относится к любой из широкого множества психотерапевтических процедур с относительно ограниченными и точно очерченными целями. С. т. противопоставляется лечебным вмешательствам, требующим более длительного времени и предполагающим … Психологическая энциклопедия
Brief — or briefs may refer: * Brief (law), a number of formal document types * Brief (text editor), a popular text editor for the MS DOS operating system * a letter * Brief (architecture), a requirement imposed by a client on an architect * Briefs, a… … Wikipedia
Therapy? — Жанр рок Годы 1988 наст. время Страна … Википедия
Family therapy — Intervention ICD 9 CM 94.42 MeSH … Wikipedia
Coherence therapy — Psychology … Wikipedia
Narrative therapy — is a form of psychotherapy using narrative. It was initially developed during the 1970s and 1980s, largely by Australian Michael White and his friend and colleague, David Epston, of New Zealand. Their approach became prevalent in North America… … Wikipedia
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy — (REBT) is a comprehensive, active directive, philosophically and empirically based psychotherapy which focuses on resolving emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and enabling people to lead happier and more fulfilling lives. REBT was … Wikipedia
Strategic Family Therapy — Strategic therapy describes one of the major models of both family and brief psychotherapy. It was inspired by the work of Milton Erickson, MD and Don Jackson, MD and has been associated with (but not limited to) the work of Jay Haley and Cloe… … Wikipedia
Response based therapy — is a relatively new psychotherapeutic approach to treating psychological trauma resulting from violence, based on the theory that whenever people are badly treated, they resist. Incorporating elements of Solution focused brief therapy, Narrative… … Wikipedia