Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel


Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Painting by Antoine Pesne

Charles (German: Karl; 1 August 1713, Braunschweig – 26 March 1780, Braunschweig), Duke of Brunswick-Lunenburg (Bevern line), was ruling as Prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1735 until his death.

Contents

Life

Silver coin of Charles I, dated 1764

Charles was the eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He fought under Prince Eugene of Savoy against the Ottoman Empire before inheriting the Principality of Wolfenbüttel from his father in 1735. On the suggestion of his priest, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, in 1745 he founded the Collegium Carolinum, an institute of higher education which is today known as the Technical University of Brunswick. He also hired Gotthold Ephraim Lessing as the librarian for the Bibliotheca Augusta, the ducal library.

Charles attempted to promote the economic development of his state; for example, he founded the Fürstenberg Porcelain Company, and he installed mandatory fire insurance. However, he did not manage to keep the state finances in check. As a consequence, in 1773 his eldest son Charles William Ferdinand took over government.

Marriage and children

In 1733, Charles married Philippine Charlotte, daughter of King Frederick William I of Prussia. They had the following children that reached adulthood:

Charles also had a child out of wedlock, Christian Theodore von Pincier (1750–1824), the adopted son of Baron von Pincier of Sweden. The family received its peerage from King Carl XII in 1698 in Stockholm.

Ancestry

References

Charles, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 1 August 1713 Died: 26 March 1780
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ferdinand Albert II
Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1735-1780
Succeeded by
Charles William Ferdinand

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles-Guillaume-Ferdinand de Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel — Charles Guillaume Ferdinand de Brunswick Naissance 9 octobre 1735 Wolfenbüttel Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel — Charles William Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick Wolfenbüttel Reign 26 March 1780 – 16 October 1806 Predecessor Charles I …   Wikipedia

  • Charles II, Duke of Brunswick — Charles II Duke of Brunswick Reign 16 June 1815 – 9 September 1830 Predecessor Frederick William Successor William …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel — Infobox Brunswick Royalty|royal name = Frederick William title = Duke of Brunswick Wolfenbüttel imgw = 180px caption = Painting by Johann Christian August Schwartz (1809) reign =16 October 1806 16 June 1815 predecessor = Charles William Ferdinand …   Wikipedia

  • Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel — Anthony Ulrich of Braunschweig Wolfenbüttel, Portrait by Bernhard Francke Anthony Ulrich (German: Anton Ulrich; 4 October 1633, Hitzacker – 27 March 1714, Salzdahlum) was duke of Brunswick Lüneburg and ruled over the Wolfenbüttel subdivision of… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick — Lüneburg, Prince of Brunswick Wolfenbuttel Bevern (Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Herzog zu Braunschweig Lüneburg, Fürst von Braunschweig Wolfenbüttel Bevern) (October 9, 1735 October 16 1806) was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall born in Wolfenbüttel,… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles William, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen — Charles William Duke of Saxe Meiningen Duke of Saxe Meiningen Reign 1763 1782 Predecessor Anton Ulrich Succ …   Wikipedia

  • Charles II, Duke of Parma — Charles II / Charles Louis King of Etruria Reign 27 May 1803 10 December 1807 ( 100000000000000040000004 years, 10000000000000197000000197 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Michael, Duke of Mecklenburg — Charles Michael Duke of Mecklenburg Head of the House of Mecklenburg Strelitz Period 23 February 1918 – 6 December 1934 Predeces …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Christopher, Duke of Münsterberg — Noble family House of Poděbrady Father John, Duke of Münsterberg Oels Mother Christina Catherine of Schidlowitz Born 22 May 1545(1545 05 22) Oleśnica …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.