- Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Charles was the eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He fought under Prince Eugene of Savoy against the Ottoman Empire before inheriting the Principality of Wolfenbüttel from his father in 1735. On the suggestion of his priest, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, in 1745 he founded the Collegium Carolinum, an institute of higher education which is today known as the Technical University of Brunswick. He also hired Gotthold Ephraim Lessing as the librarian for the Bibliotheca Augusta, the ducal library.
Charles attempted to promote the economic development of his state; for example, he founded the Fürstenberg Porcelain Company, and he installed mandatory fire insurance. However, he did not manage to keep the state finances in check. As a consequence, in 1773 his eldest son Charles William Ferdinand took over government.
Marriage and children
- Charles William Ferdinand (1735–1806)
- Sophie Caroline Mary (1737–1817), married Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
- Anna Amalia (1739–1807), married Ernest Augustus II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
- Frederick Augustus (1740–1805)
- Albert Henry (1742–1761), died childless
- William Adolf (1745–1770), died childless
- Elizabeth Christine Ulrike (1746–1840), married King Frederick William II of Prussia (divorced)
- Augusta Dorothea, Abbess of Gandersheim (1749–1803)
- Maximilian Jules Leopold (1752–1785), died childless
Charles also had a child out of wedlock, Christian Theodore von Pincier (1750–1824), the adopted son of Baron von Pincier of Sweden. The family received its peerage from King Carl XII in 1698 in Stockholm.
Ancestors of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 16. Henry III, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 8. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (=#24) 17. Princess Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg-Ratzeburg 4. Ferdinand Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 18. John Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Gustrow 9. Duchess Elisabeth Sophia of Mecklenburg-Gustrow (=#25) 19. Duchess Elisabeth of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch 2. Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 20. Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 10. Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Eschwege 21. Countess Juliana of Nassau-Dillenburg 5. Landgravine Christina Wilhelmina of Hesse-Eschwege 22. John Casimir, Count Palatine of Kleeburg 11. Countess Palatine Eleonora Catherine of Zweibrücken 23. Princess Katharina of Sweden 1. Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 24. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (=#8) 12. Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 25. Duchess Elisabeth Sophia of Mecklenburg-Gustrow (=#9) 6. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 26. Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderburg-Norburg 13. Princess Elisabeth Juliana Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg-Norborg 27. Princess Eleonore of Anhalt-Zerbst 3. Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 28. Joachim Ernest, Count of Oettingen-Oettingen 14. Albert Ernest I, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen 29. Countess Anna Dorothea of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein 7. Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen 30. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg 15. Duchess Christine Friederike of Württemberg 31. Countess Anna Katherina of Salm-Kyrburg
ReferencesCharles, Duke of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelCadet branch of the House of WelfBorn: 1 August 1713 Died: 26 March 1780
Regnal titles Preceded by
Ferdinand Albert II
Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Charles William Ferdinand
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