- Rogerius of Apulia
Rogerius of Apulia (also Rogerios; "Ruggero di Puglia" in Italian) (c. 1205 – 1266) was a medieval Roman Catholic
monkand chronicler, born in Torremaggiore, Apulia. He became bishop of Oradeain 1249, and is best known for his account of the Tatar invasions.
After 1241, he wrote a description of the conquest of
Transylvaniaand the Pannonian Plainby the Tatars("see: Battle of Mohi") in his work " Carmen Miserabile" ("Sad Song"). Mongol-Tatar Golden Horde forces led by Batu Khanbegan attacking Europein 1223, starting with Kievan Rus'. They continued to defeat Imperial, Polish, and Hungarian armies before turning back to go home, upon learning of the death of their Great Khan in 1241.
Rogerius survived the devastation by hiding in the
marshes, and writes that the Tatars annihilated the population to the last infant, besides committing many other atrocities. Alongside information regarding the occupation of Transylvania by the Tatars, the work includes details regarding the organization of the Transylvanian "knezates", which were a type of local Romanian population administration. Rogerius also includes details such as to how the inhabitants of the village of Frata( Frate in Romanian Laguage meaning is Brother ) would have received him, and offered him black bread.
Rogerius subsequently assumed other posts, including dean of
Sopron(1243), dean at Zagreb(1249), secretary to Johannes Toletanusin Lyon, and archbishop of Split, where he died.
Comments and renditions of his work
*"Carmen Miserabile super Destructione Regni Hungariae per Tartaros", ed., L. Juhasz, in "I Szentpetery", ed., "Scriptores Rerum Hungaricarum", 2 vols. (Budapest 1937-1938) 11, 543-88;
*German translation by H. Gockenjan in "Ungarns Geschichtsschreiber", 111: "Der Mongolensturm"
*C. de Bridia, "Historia Tartarorum", ed., A. Onnerfors (Berlin 1967); an English translation in R.A. Skelton, T.E. Marston, and G.D. Painter, "The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation" (New Haven 1965) 54-101.
William of Rubruck, "Itineraarium", ed., A. Van den Wyngart, "Sinica Franciscana" 1, 147-332; an English translation in Dawson, op. cit. (At n. 6)87-220.
*Rogerius quarter, a district in Oradea, Romania, named after Rogerius of Apulia
Matyla Ghyka, [http://www.vlachophiles.net/ghika.htm "A Documented Chronology of Roumanian History"]
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