- Ray Stannard Baker
Ray Stannard Baker (April 17, 1870 – July 12, 1946), also known by his pen name David Grayson, was an American journalist and author born in Lansing, Michigan. After graduating from the Michigan State Agricultural College (now Michigan State University), he attended law school at the University of Michigan in 1891 before launching his career as a journalist in 1892 with the Chicago News-Record, where he covered the Pullman Strike and Coxey's Army in 1894.
In 1898, Baker joined the staff of McClure's, a pioneer muckraking magazine, and quickly rose to prominence along with Lincoln Steffens and Ida Tarbell. He also dabbled in fiction, writing children's stories for the magazine Youth's Companion and a nine-volume series of stories about rural living in America, the first of which was titled "Adventures in Contentment" under the pseudonym David Grayson.
In 1906, Baker, Steffens and Tarbell left McClure's and created The American Magazine. In 1908, he wrote the book Following the Color Line, becoming the first prominent journalist to examine America's racial divide. It was extremely successful. He would continue that work with numerous articles in the following decade.
In 1912, Baker supported the presidential candidacy of Woodrow Wilson, which led to a close relationship between the two men, and in 1918 Wilson sent Baker to Europe to study the war situation. During peace negotiations, Baker served as Wilson's press secretary at Versailles. He eventually published 15 volumes about Wilson and internationalism, including an 8-volume biography, the last two volumes of which won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography in 1940.
Baker wrote two autobiographies, Native American (1941) and American Chronicle (1945).
Baker died of a heart attack in Amherst, Massachusetts, and is buried there in Wildwood Cemetery. A dormitory at the University of Massachusetts Amherst is named in honor of Baker but using his pen name David Grayson. A nearby dormitory, Baker Hall, is named after his brother Hugh Potter Baker who was the president of Massachusetts State College that later became the University of Massachusetts. A Baker Hall at Michigan State University is named in honor of Ray Stannard Baker.
- ^ Baker, Ray Stannard. American Chronicle. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 84.
- Ray Stannard Baker Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University
- Following the Color Line: An Account of Negro Citizenship in the American Democracy (1908) Doubleday, Page & Company, New York 
- Works by Ray Stannard Baker at Project Gutenberg
- Bannister, Robert. "Ray Stannard Baker: A Guide to Resources". http://www.swarthmore.edu/SocSci/rbannis1/Baker/index.html. Retrieved 2006-10-09.
- Papers, Special Collections, Jones Library, Amherst, MA.
- FindAGrave profile
Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography (1926–1950)
- Harvey Cushing (1926)
- Emory Holloway (1927)
- Charles Edward Russell (1928)
- Burton J. Hendrick (1929)
- Marquis James (1930)
- Henry James (1931)
- Henry F. Pringle (1932)
- Allan Nevins (1933)
- Tyler Dennett (1934)
- Douglas S. Freeman (1935)
- Ralph Barton Perry (1936)
- Allan Nevins (1937)
- Odell Shepard/Marquis James (1938)
- Carl Van Doren (1939)
- Ray Stannard Baker (1940)
- Ola Elizabeth Winslow (1941)
- Forrest Wilson (1942)
- Samuel Eliot Morison (1943)
- Carleton Mabee (1944)
- Russel Blaine Nye (1945)
- Linnie Marsh Wolfe (1946)
- William Allen White (1947)
- Margaret Clapp (1948)
- Robert E. Sherwood (1949)
- Samuel Flagg Bemis (1950)
- Complete list
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Ray Stannard Baker — (um 1910) Ray Stannard Baker (* 17. April 1870 in Lansing, Michigan; † 12. Juli 1946 in Amherst, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Journalist und Schriftsteller, der für seine achtbändige … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baker, Ray Stannard — ▪ American writer pseudonym David Grayson born April 17, 1870, Lansing, Mich., U.S. died July 12, 1946, Amherst, Mass. American journalist, popular essayist, literary crusader for the League of Nations, and authorized biographer of Woodrow… … Universalium
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Baker — /bay keuhr/, n. 1. Sir Benjamin, 1840 1907, English engineer. 2. George Pierce, 1866 1935, U.S. critic, author, and professor of drama. 3. Howard H(enry), Jr., born 1925, U.S. politician: senator 1967 85. 4. Dame Janet, born 1933, English mezzo… … Universalium
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Muckraker — McClure s (cover, Jan, 1901) published many early muckraker articles. The term muckraker is closely associated with reform oriented journalists who wrote largely for popular magazines, continued a tradition of investigative journalism reporting,… … Wikipedia
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