- Frederick V of Denmark
Infobox Danish Royalty|monarch
name = Frederick V
title = King of Denmark and Norway
reign = 1746 - 1765
predecessor = Christian VI
successor = Christian VII
Louise of Great Britain Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
issue = Sophia Magdalena, Queen of Sweden
Louise, Princess Charles of Hesse
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway
royal house =
House of Oldenburg
royal motto = "By caution and consistency"
father = Christian VI
Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
date of birth = birth date|1723|3|31|mf=y
place of birth =
date of death = death date and age|1766|1|13|1723|3|31|mf=y
place of death =
place of burial=
Frederick V (31 March 1723 – 13 January 1766) was king of
Denmarkand Norwayfrom 1746, son of Christian VI of Denmarkand Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
Louise died on 19 December 1751 in Christiansborg, predeceasing her husband by fourteen years, and was buried at
Roskilde Cathedral. She was pregnant with her sixth child, who also died.
Frederick married a second time to
Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, daughter of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Their children were notably Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norwaywho was, in his turn, father of King Christian VIII of Denmarkand grandfather of Louise of Hesse, the future queen of Denmark. She died in 1796 having been regent for her son Prince Frederick.
King Frederick was also the father of five illegitimate children by Else Hansen.
Death and Burial
He founded the
Royal Danish Academy of Art("Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi") in Copenhagen, which officially opened on March 31, 1754, his 31st birthday. Frederick also purchased what would become known as the Danish West Indiesin 1754. [ [http://www.stcroixproperties.net/About.html About ] ]
The personal influence of Frederick was a limited one. He was marked by his alcoholism and most of his rule was marked by very able ministers like
A. G. Moltke, J. H. E. Bernstorffand H. C. Schimmelmann. They avoided involving Denmark in the European wars of his time. The country remained neutral even for the duration of the Seven Years' War(1756 - 1763) despite its proximity to combatants Russiaand Sweden.
The king died after 43 years of life and twenty years of reign. His last words were reportedly: "It is a great consolation to me in my last hour that I have never wilfully offended anyone and that there is not a drop of blood on my hands."
Frederick V is interred in
Roskilde Cathedralnext to Queen Louise.
Within one hundred years of his time, Denmark faced the situation of his male issue (the main branch of the Royal House) going extinct. This created a succession crisis beginning from his grandson's reign, affecting both Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein. Finally, his great-grandson by female line,
Christian IX of Denmark, who was married with his great-granddaughter Louise of Hesse-Kassel(or Hesse-Cassel), became the designated heir.)
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
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1= Frederick V of Denmark
Christian VI of Denmark
Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Frederick IV of Denmark
Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Christian Henry, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
7= Countess Sofie Christiane of Wolfstein
Christian V of Denmark
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
Gustav Adolf of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Magdalene Sibylle of Holstein-Gottorp
Georg Albrecht, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
13=Marie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
14= Count Albrecht Friedrich of Wolfstein
15= Sophie Louise of
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