Frederick V of Denmark


Frederick V of Denmark

Infobox Danish Royalty|monarch
name = Frederick V
title = King of Denmark and Norway


reign = 1746 - 1765
coronation =
predecessor = Christian VI
successor = Christian VII
spouse = Louise of Great Britain
Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
issue = Sophia Magdalena, Queen of Sweden
Christian VII
Louise, Princess Charles of Hesse
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway
royal house = House of Oldenburg
royal motto = "By caution and consistency"
father = Christian VI
mother = Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
date of birth = birth date|1723|3|31|mf=y
place of birth = Copenhagen
date of death = death date and age|1766|1|13|1723|3|31|mf=y
place of death = Christiansborg Palace
place of burial= Roskilde Cathedral|

Frederick V (31 March 1723 – 13 January 1766) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1746, son of Christian VI of Denmark and Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.

First Marriage

He was first married to Princess Louise, daughter of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach. They were parents of six children but only five survived birth.

Louise died on 19 December 1751 in Christiansborg, predeceasing her husband by fourteen years, and was buried at Roskilde Cathedral. She was pregnant with her sixth child, who also died.

Second Marriage

Frederick married a second time to Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, daughter of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Their children were notably Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway who was, in his turn, father of King Christian VIII of Denmark and grandfather of Louise of Hesse, the future queen of Denmark. She died in 1796 having been regent for her son Prince Frederick.

King Frederick was also the father of five illegitimate children by Else Hansen.

Death and Burial

He founded the Royal Danish Academy of Art ("Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi") in Copenhagen, which officially opened on March 31, 1754, his 31st birthday. Frederick also purchased what would become known as the Danish West Indies in 1754. [ [http://www.stcroixproperties.net/About.html About ] ]

The personal influence of Frederick was a limited one. He was marked by his alcoholism and most of his rule was marked by very able ministers like A. G. Moltke, J. H. E. Bernstorff and H. C. Schimmelmann. They avoided involving Denmark in the European wars of his time. The country remained neutral even for the duration of the Seven Years' War (1756 - 1763) despite its proximity to combatants Russia and Sweden.

The king died after 43 years of life and twenty years of reign. His last words were reportedly: "It is a great consolation to me in my last hour that I have never wilfully offended anyone and that there is not a drop of blood on my hands."

Frederick V is interred in Roskilde Cathedral next to Queen Louise.

Issue

Within one hundred years of his time, Denmark faced the situation of his male issue (the main branch of the Royal House) going extinct. This created a succession crisis beginning from his grandson's reign, affecting both Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein. Finally, his great-grandson by female line, Christian IX of Denmark, who was married with his great-granddaughter Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), became the designated heir.)

Ancestry


ahnentafel-compact4
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border=1
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #999;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #bbb;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ddd;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #eee;
1= Frederick V of Denmark
2= Christian VI of Denmark
3= Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
4= Frederick IV of Denmark
5= Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
6= Christian Henry, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
7= Countess Sofie Christiane of Wolfstein
8= Christian V of Denmark
9= Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
10=Gustav Adolf of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
11=Magdalene Sibylle of Holstein-Gottorp
12=Georg Albrecht, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
13=Marie Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
14= Count Albrecht Friedrich of Wolfstein
15= Sophie Louise of Castell-Remlingen

References

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