- Manuel F. Segura
Manuel F. Segura (born January 1, 1919) is a retired colonel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines with assigned serial number 0-3547 AFP. He was G-1 and Adjutant General in the General Headquarters of the Cebuano guerrillas during World War II, with Col. James M. Cushing as his commanding officer. Segura has written at least two books on the guerrilla story in Cebu. He was replaced and re-joining the group of soldiers and officers under the pre-war 82nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army at the general headquarters in Babag, Cebu City begins the fall of Liberation in Cebu on 1945.
Early military stint
Segura was a student in the University of the Philippines, Diliman campus, when the clouds of war loomed over the Pacific in the early months of 1941. On 28 August 1941, he was called to active duty as a 3rd Lieutenant, Infantry, and assigned as Regimental Adjutant of 82nd Infantry Regiment, 81st Infantry Division, Philippine Commonwealth Army.
He happened to be in Cebu when the war broke out. According to his own accounts, he chose resistance instead of surrender.
He was assigned in the Cebu Central Sector as Combat Officer and S-3 (Plans and Training Officer). He was involved in several attacks against Japanese garrisons at Talisay, Minglanilla, Carcar and Toledo, mostly against the Toledo garrison that was near the sector's headquarters at Pandong Bato, Toledo; including the big battles at Lawa-an, Minglanilla where 55 Japanese were killed; the big battle of Babag Ridge that lasted 10 days and 10 nights where 650 Japanese were killed; the big battle at Malubog, Toledo where 750 Japanese were killed. In the skirmishes in Cebu a total of 11,898 Japanese were killed in 119 encounters and ambushes.
Before the end of the war he was assigned as G-l and Adjutant General in the General Headquarters at Tabunan. For his bravery, he was awarded by the United States of America the Bronze Star Medal with "V" Device for Heroism in Ground Combat and ended the war as a Major subjects.
Back the Military Stint
In 1944, Colonel Segura was early to came back the military stint has the replaced and they re-joining the group of soldiers and officers under the pre-war 82nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army at the military general headquarters at Babag, Cebu City and started the operations of the Battle for the Liberation of Cebu on 1945 and aiding the combined U.S. and Filipino ground troops including the Cebuano guerrilla groups against the Japanese Imperial forces.
Segura was later given of a rank of colonel and he was assigned of commanding colonel and military officer of the 85th Infantry Regiment, 82nd Infantry Division, Philippine Commonwealth Army was supported of over 25,000 active troops and military officers under by Lieutenant Colonel Rogaciano “Popoy” C. Espiritu and they local military officers and aided the local Cebuano guerrilla groups and American troops of the U.S. Army’s Americal Division was found started the main battle commands to the fall of liberated in Northern Cebu on 1945 against the Imperial Japanese ground troops led by General Sosaku Suzuki.
For the next ten years after the war Col. Segura was provincial commander in the following provinces: Southern Leyte, Romblon, Negros Oriental, and Bohol. He retired from active duty on January 1, 1972.
List of awards and badges
Col. Segura earned a total of 24 badges and awards during his stay in the army. These are the following:
- Military Merit Medal with four Bronze Anahaw Leaves (five-time MMM awardee)
- U.S. Bronze Star Medal with "V" Device for Heroism in Ground Combat *Distinguished Unit Emblem with 2 Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters
- American Defense Service Medal with Clasp (for Foreign Service) *Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with 4 Bronze Combat Stars
- World War II Victory Medal
- Philippine Defense Ribbon with 1 Bronze Combat Star
- Philippine Liberation Ribbon with 2 Bronze Combat Stars
- Philippine Independence Ribbon
- Long Service Medal with 1 bronze Star
- Anti-Dissidence Campaign Medal
- Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Badge
- Combat Infantryman Badge
- AFP Parachute Badge with Star
- U.S. Basic Parachute Badge
- American Campaign Medal
- TABUNAN: The Untold Story of the Famed Cebu Guerillas of World War II (1975), Col. Manuel F. Segura, excerpts hosted by the Cebu Eskrima Society
- The Koga Papers: Stories of World War II in Cebu, Philippines (1992), Col. Manuel F. Segura
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