Triglyph is an architectural term for the vertically channeled tablets of the Doric frieze, so called because of the angular channels in them, two perfect and one divided, the two chamfered angles or hemiglyphs being reckoned as one. The square recessed spaces between the triglyphs on a Doric frieze are called metopes.

The triglyph is largely thought to be a tectonic representation in stone of the wooden beam ends of the typical primitive hut, as described by Vitruvius and other Classical and Renaissance writers. The wooden beams were notched in three separate places in order to cast their rough-cut ends mostly in shadow. Greek architecture (and later Roman architecture) preserved this feature, as well as many other features common in original wooden buildings, as a tribute to the origins of architecture and its role in the history and development of man.

In terms of structure, a triglyph may be carved from a single block with a metope, or the triglyph block may have slots cut into it to allow a separately cut metope (in stone or wood) to be slid into place, as at the Temple of Aphaea. There may be some variation in design within a single structure to allow for corner contraction, an adjustment of the column spacing and arrangement of the Doric frieze in a temple to make the design appear more harmonious.

Images of triglyphs

ee also

*Classical architecture
*Classical order
*Doric order



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  • Triglyph — Tri glyph, n. [L. triglyphus, Gr. ?; ? (see {Tri }) + ? to carve: cf. F. triglyphe.] (Arch.) An ornament in the frieze of the Doric order, repeated at equal intervals. Each triglyph consists of a rectangular tablet, slightly projecting, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Triglyph — (griech., Dreischlitz), Teil des Gebälkes der dorischen Säulenordnung, der nach Vitruv als das Kopfende eines über den Architrav gestreckten Balkens zu betrachten ist, das mit drei lotrechten Vertiefungen (Schlitzen) versehen ist, wahrscheinlich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Triglyph — (v. gr.), 1) dreimal geschlitzt od. gespalten; 2) (Dreischlitz), eine erhabene Verzierung des Frieses der dorischen Gebälke von länglich viereckiger Gestalt, auf der hohen Kante stehend; sie hat drei Schlitze od. Rinnen, u. zwar zwei ganze in der …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Triglyph — Triglȳph (grch.), Dreischlitz, die mit zwei ganzen und zwei halben Schlitzen ornamentierten Platten am Fries des dor. Gebälks [Abb. 1173, bei Metopen] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Triglyph — od. Dreischlitz, heißt eine der dorischen Säulenordnung eigenthümliche Verzierung des Frieses, am Kopfende der Balken, welche zugleich mit den Metopen (s. d.) das Charakteristische für das Gebälke dieser Säulenordnung bildet …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • triglyph — [trī′glif] n. [L triglyphus < Gr triglyphos: see TRI & GLYPH] in a Doric frieze, a slightly projecting, rectangular block occurring at regular intervals and having two vertical grooves (glyphs) and two chamfers or half grooves at the sides… …   English World dictionary

  • triglyph — noun Etymology: Latin triglyphus, from Greek triglyphos, from tri + glyphein to carve more at cleave Date: 1563 a slightly projecting rectangular tablet in a Doric frieze with two vertical channels of V section and two corresponding chamfers or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Triglyph — Dorischer Fries mit Triglyphen am Tempel von Segesta Triglyphen und Metopen vom Tempel C in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • triglyph — triglyphed, adj. triglyphic, triglyphical, adj. /truy glif /, n. Archit. a structural member of a Doric frieze, separating two consecutive metopes, and consisting typically of a rectangular block with two vertical grooves or glyphs, and two… …   Universalium

  • triglyph — noun A term for the vertically channeled tablets of the Doric frieze …   Wiktionary

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