Norte, Portugal


Norte, Portugal

Região Norte (pronounced|ʁɨʒiˈɐ̃ũ ˈnɔɾtɨ; English: North Region), is a region in the northern part of Portugal. It is a land of dense vegetation and profound historic and cultural wealth. Its capital is the city of Porto. The region has 4,034,271 inhabitants (2007), and its area is 21,278 km² (density of 173 inhabitants per square kilometre). It is one of five regions of Mainland Portugal (NUTS II subdivisions). The Norte is a culturally varied region, thus historical rivalry between different neighbouring cities and towns are very common, although with a strong common Portuguese identity, but unlike other Portuguese regions where every city and town are culturally very similar.

History

The region has been inhabited since prehistoric times. There are prehistoric Rock-Art sites in the Côa Valley. Historically it had been the southern realm of Galicia (see Gallaecia), which in the 11th century formed part of the combined Kingdom of Galicia and León being this area known as the County of Portucale - It was here, that Portugal's first king, Dom Afonso Henriques, was born in the beginning of the 12th century, having then extended the kingdom to the south, in what was considered as one of the most heroic feats of the Christian Reconquest. The inheritance of a distant past is seen everywhere.

The region has a number of manor-houses and mansions with coats of arms. Regional cuisine is renowned and varied - light wines (vinhos verdes) and rich wines, and a variety of handicrafts that mingles the shine of` the filigree with the colour of the local embroideries.

Geography

The country's longest motorway (A1, from Lisbon to Porto) goes up to Braga (A3), in the heart of Costa Verde. Following the coastline on the road from Vila do Conde to Valença, there are beaches, seaside resorts and pictoresque villages such as Caminha and Vila Nova de Cerveira. There are also scenic natural parks and mountain ranges, such as the Peneda-Gerês National Park, the Montesinho Natural Park, the Alvão Natural Park and two World Heritage Sites: the Alto Douro Wine Region and the Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley. Throughout the region the rivers, waterfalls, vineyards and fertile plots combine with the ancestral monuments in urban centres.

Economy

Norte is highly industrialized within its densely populated western half, where well developed subregions such as Ave, Cávado, Entre Douro e Vouga, Grande Porto, and Tâmega have a notable business activity and state-of-the-art infrastructure. Textiles, footware, food processing, mechanical, electrical, electronics and chemical industries, as well as finance and construction, are some of the main economic activities. However, the region Norte is the poorest of the 7 NUTS II regions of Portugal, with a GDP per capita of 12,648 euros or 58.8% of the European Union average. It is also the Portuguese NUTS II region with the highest unemployment rate (9.5% as of 2007). [http://diarioeconomico.sapo.pt/edicion/diarioeconomico/nacional/economia/pt/desarrollo/1009999.html]

ubregions

* Alto Trás-os-Montes
* Ave
* Cávado
* Douro
* Entre Douro e Vouga
* Grande Porto
* Minho-Lima
* Tâmega


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Linha do Norte (Portugal) — Porto–Lissabon Endbahnhof Porto Campanhã Streckenlänge: 336 km Spurweite: 1668 mm (Iberische Spur) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Región Norte (Portugal) — Localización de la Región Norte La Región Norte (en portugués, Região Norte) es una región portuguesa, que comprende el Distrito de Viana do Castelo, el Distrito de Braga, el Distrito de Oporto, el Distrito de Vila Real, el Distrito de Braganza y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Região Norte (Portugal) — Região Norte Lage der Região Norte Die Região Norte (Region Nord) ist eine Region Portugals. Sie umfasst die Distrikte Viana do Castelo, Porto, Vila Real, Bragança und Braga zur Gänze sowie Teile der Distrikte Aveiro, Viseu und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norte (disambiguation) — Norte can refer to: *In the Portuguese and Spanish languages, it means North *Norte, Portugal, one of the regions of Portugal *Norte, a strong cold northeasterly wind which blows in Mexico along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. It results from… …   Wikipedia

  • Norte (Begriffsklärung) — Norte bezeichnet: Norte, Nordwind Norte (Brasilien), brasilianische Region Norte (Guinea Bissau), Provinz in Guinea Bissau Norte (Kap Verde), Ort auf der Kapverden Insel Boa Vista Norte (Zeitung), argentinische Zeitung Região Norte (Portugal),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norte Litoral TV — Type Internet* Branding NL tv Country …   Wikipedia

  • Norte Shopping — Ajouter une photo Pays  Portugal Emplacement Matosinhos, Porto Coor …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Portugal — es un país de la Europa sur occidental que forma parte de la Unión Europea (UE). El territorio del país se extiende sobre la fachada atlántica de la Península Ibérica, donde limita al norte y al este con España. * * * Portugal, Condestable don… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Norte Pequeno — Freguesia de Portugal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Norte — may refer to: Places Norte, Cape Verde, a village in the east northeastern part of the island of Boa Vista Norte Region, Brazil, a region of Brazil Norte Region, Portugal, a NUTSII Region of Portugal Other Norte (wind) Norteños, a coalition of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.