- National symbols of Singapore
National symbols of Singapore are the symbols that are used in Singapore to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of its cultural life and history.
The national flag of Singapore was first adopted in 1959, the year Singapore became self-governing within the British Empire. It was reconfirmed as the national flag when the Republic gained independence on 9 August 1965. The design is a horizontal bicolour of red above white, charged in the canton by a white crescent moon facing, toward the fly, a pentagon of five small white five-pointed stars. The elements of the flag denote a young nation on the ascendant, universal brotherhood and equality, and national ideals. The national flag is not used as an ensign by vessels at sea. Depending on a vessel's status, the ship will fly one of three special ensigns.
The Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules define the flag's composition and the symbolism of its elements: red symbolises "universal brotherhood and equality of man", and white, "pervading and everlasting purity and virtue". The waxing crescent moon "represents a young nation on the ascendant". The five stars "stand for the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality". The ratio of the flag is two units high by three units wide. For the manufacturing of flags, the Government of Singapore recommends a few sizes and suggests that the shade of red used on the flag be Pantone 032.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Singapore was adopted in 1959, along with the other national symbols of Singapore. Using elements from the national flag, the coat of arms symbolises the current state and honours its cultural links with Malaysia. While the use of the coat of arms is restricted to the government, the symbol enjoys wide use on the national currency, state decorations and appears on the cover of the national passport.
The central emblem of the coat of arms is a red shield with five white stars resting above a white crescent. The crescent and five stars are also used on the Singapore flag and other various national symbols, such as the national ensign for civilian ships. The symbolism of the red colour, along with the white crescent and stars is the same as that of the national flag. The supporters of the shield are a lion and a tiger; the tiger symbolizes the historical connections to Malaysia and the lion represents Singapore. Below the supporters is a blue ribbon with the national motto, "Majulah Singapura" written in gold. "Majulah Singapura", which is Malay for "Onward Singapore", is also the title of the national anthem of Singapore.
"Majulah Singapura" ("Onward Singapore") is the national anthem of Singapore. Composed by Zubir Said in 1958 as a theme song for official functions of the City Council of Singapore, the song was selected in 1959 as the island's anthem when it attained self-government. Upon full independence in 1965, "Majulah Singapura" was formally adopted as Singapore's national anthem. By law the anthem may only be sung with its original Malay lyrics, although official translations exists in English, Mandarin and Tamil. Originally composed in the key of G major, in 2001 the national anthem was officially relaunched in the lower key of F major as this was said to allow for a "grander and more inspiring arrangement".
The national anthem is regularly performed or sung in schools and armed forces camps at ceremonies held at the beginning and/or the end of each day, during which the national flag is also raised and lowered and the national pledge is taken. Singaporeans are especially encouraged to sing the national anthem on occasions of national celebration or national significance such as at the National Day Parade, at National Day observance ceremonies conducted by educational institutions and government departments, and at sporting events at which Singapore teams are participating.
- ^ a b Second Schedule of the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules (Cap. 296, R 1, 2004 Rev. Ed.), as amended by the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem (Amendment) Rules 2007 (S 377/2007). See also Lee, Kuan Yew (1998). The Singapore Story: Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew. Singapore: Times Editions. pp. 342–343. ISBN 9812049835 (hbk.).
- ^ Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts (2001). The National Symbols Kit. Singapore: Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts. pp. 5. ISBN 8880968010.
- ^ a b "The National Coat of Arms (State Crest)". Ministry of Information,Communications and the Arts. 2004. http://www.sg/explore/symbols_coatarms.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules (Cap. 296, R 1, 2004 Rev. Ed.), as amended by the Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem (Amendment) Rules 2007 (S 377/2007).
- "State symbols". Access to Archives Online (a2o), National Archives of Singapore. http://www.a2o.com.sg/a2o/public/html/etc/07_symbol.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
National symbols of Asia Sovereign
- Burma (Myanmar)
- People's Republic of China
- East Timor (Timor-Leste)
- North Korea
- South Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- Sri Lanka
- United Arab Emirates
States with limited
- Northern Cyprus
- Republic of China (Taiwan)
- South Ossetia
- Christmas Island
- Cocos (Keeling) Islands
- Hong Kong
National symbols of Singapore
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
National symbols of Israel — are the symbols that are used in Israel and abroad to represent the country and its people. Contents 1 National flag Flag of Israel 2 National emblem Emblem of Israel 3 National anthem Hatikvah … Wikipedia
National symbols of India — Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl or Peacock) with outspread plumes, National Bird. The Republic of India has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national … Wikipedia
National symbols of Pakistan — Pakistan has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. The symbols were adopted at various stages in the existence of Pakistan and there are … Wikipedia
National symbols of the Philippines — The national symbols of the Philippines consist of symbols that represent Philippine traditions and ideals and convey the principles of sovereignty and national solidarity. Republic Act 8491, known also as Flag and Heraldic Code of the… … Wikipedia
National symbols of Cambodia — The national symbols of Cambodia includes the ancient monument of Angkor Wat, the national flag, the national anthem, and the national emblem and royal arms. In 2005, the Kingdom of Cambodia designated seven flora and fauna as national symbols in … Wikipedia
National symbols of the Maldives — The Maldives has numerous national symbols, including a national flower, tree and animal, which were adopted in 1985. The Maldivian national flag and emblem, adopted in 1965 are also considered national symbols. Contents 1 Symbols 1.1 Official… … Wikipedia
National symbols of Burma — The national symbols of Burma (also known as Myanmar) are icons, symbols and other cultural expressions which are seen as representative of the Burmese people. These have been accumulated over centuries and are mainly from the Bamar majority,… … Wikipedia
National symbols of the Republic of China — This is the current list of the National Symbols of the Republic of China Official National Flag of the Republic of China Flag of the ROC (1928 present), Blue Sky, White Sun with 12 rays, and Wholly Red field. The Flag of the Republic of China… … Wikipedia
National symbols of Thailand — This is a list of the National symbols of the Kingdom of Thailand: National anthem of Thailand (Phleng Chat Thai) Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami (The Royal Anthem of Thailand) National Flag of Thailand National Emblem of Thailand White elephant… … Wikipedia
National symbols of Kyrgyzstan — The national symbols of Kyrgyzstan are defined by Article 6 of the Constitution of Kyrgyzstan. They consist of the Flag, the Coat of Arms, and the National Anthem. The flag of Kyrgyzstan … Wikipedia