- National Museum of Fine Arts, Malta
National Museum of Fine Arts Location South Street, Valletta VLT 1101, Malta Type Fine Art Museum Public transit access Walk down from the Valletta City Gate and turn left at South Street Website www.heritagemalta.org
The museum is located in the capital city of Valletta, in a palace at the lower end of South Street. The area is the seat of fine historical palaces dating from the times of the Order of St John of Jerusalem that are now used by government ministries and departments. It is also well known for its wine bars and cafes, and views of the city's grid-shaped streets which visitors usually explore on their way to the museum.
The museum is managed by Heritage Malta.
The building, originally one of the oldest in Valletta, was largely rebuilt into a Rococo palace in the 1760s for use by the Knight of Malta Ramon de Sousa y Silva, a wealthy Portuguese knight of the Order of St John who used it as his private home.
During the early 19th century the palace was home for a brief time to Louis Charles of Orleans, Comte de Beaujolais, a relative of the King of France.
In the 1820s the building became Admiralty House and the seat of the Commander-in Chief of the British Mediterranean Fleet. It hosted such high-ranking personalities as Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma, Winston Churchill, King George V and Queen Elizabeth II amongst other high-profile personalities.
The palace was officially inaugurated as the National Museum of Fine Arts in 1974 after the Fine Arts Collection was moved from the Auberge de Provence to make space for the National Museum of Archaeology.
Fine arts collection
The museum houses the major part of the national collection of Malta. The collection began in 1923 when the first fine arts curator, Vincenzo Bonello, embarked on establishing a collection within what was then called the National Museum. Bonello acquired numerous works of excellent quality on the local art market, and in London and Italy. Most were purchased at a time when prices in the art market where still within reach of the museum's modest budget. Public spirited individuals and organizations also left significant bequests.
The permanent display includes the largest collection of paintings by the Southern Italian Baroque artist Mattia Preti (1613–1699), an Italian Knight of the Order of Malta who also contributed to the transformation of the interior of St. John’s Co-Cathedral, Valletta. This, together with a fine and rare collection of antique maps, represents one of the strengths of the collection.
The works of other artists on display include Guido Reni (1575–1642), the Caravaggisti Valentin de Boulogne (1591–1632), Giuseppe Ribera (1591–1662) and Matthias Stom (1600–1652), as well as Carlo Maratta (1625–1713) and Bernardo Strozzi (1581–1644). Works by Dutch, French and British artists are also on permanent display.
The collection also includes the works of two outstanding Maltese sculptors, Melchiorre Cafá (1636–1667) and Antonio Sciortino (1879–1947), and a noteworthy group of Maltese landscapes. The Grand Harbour of Malta and its environs is the subject of a Joseph Mallord William Turner watercolour on permanent loan from HSBC Bank Malta (1775–1851). Other works by Edward Lear (1812–1888), Louis Ducros (1748–1810) and local artists representing the same subject are also on display.
Maltese furniture and silver
The museum exhibits a collection of Maltese furniture and silverware, as well as majolica jars mainly of Sicilian production. Many of the jars were in use at the Sacra Infermaria, the Hospital of the Order of St John. Ecclesiastical silverware is also on display, including a rare fifteenth century chalice of Parisian workmanship.
Contemporary art and temporary exhibitions
The museum has a very active calendar of temporary exhibitions mainly by Maltese artists. Museum curated exhibitions have included the following:
- Postage Stamp Artwork: Emvin Cremona (1919–1987) – Shaping a Modern Identity in Malta’s Philatelic Heritage (September–October 2010) showed original stamp artwork and graphic designs produced by Emvin Cremona, most of which were put on display for the first time.
- Pictures of the Floating World – Ukiyo-e Prints from the National Collection (December 2009) exhibited original Japanese Ukiyo-e from the national collection.
- Victor Pasmore in Malta (December 2008 – January 2009) exhibited abstract works by the international British artist Victor Pasmore from the museum collection and the Central Bank of Malta collection.
- The Maria Pasani Bequest (January – March 2008) exhibited eleven paintings by the Maltese artist Lazzaro Pisani donated by his daughter, Maria Pasani.
Popular events and outreach
The museum is a popular venue for lectures and book presentations held from time to time in its baroque galleries. It also has a educational programme the involves school children with treasure hunts and other hands-on activities.
A very popular event launched in 2009 is Art & Wine @ South street. It features contemporary artists in dialogue with works of art from the museum's permanent display.
Restoration works are currently underway in the museum’s courtyard, called 'Il-Loggia'. Il-Loggia is a popular venue for exhibitions and events.
Other conservation and maintenance works are also being planned.
- Heritage Malta
- The National Museum of Fine Arts on Euromuse.net
- The National Museum of Fine Arts on Visit Malta
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