- List of rulers of Asante
Asantehene of the
Style Your Majesty Term length Life Inaugural holder Osei Tutu Opemsoo
1701 to 1717
The Asantehene is the ruler of the Ashanti people. While today it is a strictly ceremonial role, it was once a position of great power as the leader of the Ashanti Empire. The Asantehene is enthroned on a golden stool, known as the Sika 'dwa, and the office is sometimes referred to by this name.
The current Asantehene is Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II, born Nana Kwaku Dua. He was one of seven descendants who were eligible for the position.
The Asantehene also holds the title of Asantehene, ruler of Kumasi, the capital of the Ashanti region. However, the modern capital of Ghana is Accra, which was the most important town of the confederacy of the Ga people, and was historically under a different kingship.
Elections and regents
During the period between the death of an Asantehene and the election of a successor, the Mamponghene, the second most powerful ruler, acts as a regent. This rule was only changed during a time of civil war in the late nineteenth century, when the Kwasafomanhyiamu, or governing council itself ruled as regent. The succession is decided by a series of councils of local notables and other royal family members.
The Ashanti Confederacy was made a British protectorate in 1902. The office of Asantehene was discontinued. In 1926, the British permitted the repatriation of Prempeh I, and allowed him to adopt the title Kumasehene, but not Asantehene. However, in 1935, the British finally allowed the title of Asantehene to be revived.
On March 6, 1957, the Ashanti Protectorate, Northern Territories, Gold Coast Crown Colony, and British Mandate of Togoland were united to form the modern state of Ghana. The office of Asantehene is one of the sub-national traditional rulers of Ghana, and is protected by the Ghanaian constitution.
List of rulers
Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office.
Tenure Incumbent Notes Asantehenes (Asante Ahenfo - Kings of Asante) Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty Kwaaman ante1600 Foundation of Kwaaman state c.1570 to ? Otumfuo Nana Twum, the Kwaamanhene ???? to c.1600 Otumfuo Nana Antwi, the Kwaamanhene c.1600 to c.1630 Otumfuo Nana Kobia Amamfi, the Kwaamanhene c.1630 to c.1640 Otumfuo Nana Oti Akenten, the Kwaamanhene Kumaseman State renamed c.1640 to c.1660 Otumfuo Nana Oti Akenten, the Kumasehene c.1660 to 1680 Otumfuo Nana Obiri Yeboa, the Kumasehene Established Kumase as capital of Asante 1675/1680 to 1701 Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Opemsoo, the Kumasehene Founder of Asanteman. Reign continues as Asantehene. Asanteman Confederation 1701 to 1717 Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Opemsoo, the Asantehene Beretuo Dynasty 1717 to 1720 Amaniampon, the Mamponghene Regent Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty 1720 to 1750 Otumfuo Nana Opoku Ware Katakyie, the Asantehene
1750 to 1764 Otumfuo Nana Kusi Oboadum, the Asantehene Forced to abdicate Beretuo Dynasty 1764 to 1764 Safo Kantanka, the Mamponghene Regent Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty 1764 to 1777 Otumfuo Nana Osei Kwadwo Okoawia, the Asantehene
1777 to 1803 Otumfuo Nana Osei Kwame, the Asantehene Forced to abdicate Beretuo Dynasty 1777 to 1777 Atakora Kwame, the Mamponghene Regent Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty 1777 to 1803 Otumfuo Nana Osei Kwame Panyin, the Asantehene December 1803 to March 1804 Otumfuo Nana Opoku Fofie, the Asantehene 1804 to 1807 Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Kwame Asiba, the Asantehene Added Bonsu to name in 1807 1807 to 21 January 1824 Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Kwame Asiba Bonsu, the Asantehene 1824 to 21 February 1834 Otumfuo Nana Osei Yaw Akoto, the Asantehene 25 August 1834 to 27 April 1867 Otumfuo Nana Kwaku Dua I, the Asantehene 28 May 1867 to 26 October 1874 Otumfuo Nana Kofi Karikari, the Asantehene Forced to abdicate Beretuo Dynasty 26 October 1874 to 1874 Kwabena Dwomo, the Mamponghene Regent Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty 1874 to 8 March 1883 Otumfuo Nana Mensa Bonsu, the Asantehene Forced to abdicate Asante Civil War 1883 to 1888 Civil War Kwasafomanhyiamu - Interim Council 8 March 1883 to 28 April 1884 Kwasafomanhyiamu Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty 28 April 1884 to 11 June 1884 Otumfuo Nana Kwaku Dua II, the Asantehene Died after short illness. Kumasehyiamu - Interim Council 11 June 1884 to November 1884 Owusu Kofi, Chairman November 1884 to 1887 Akyampon Panyin, Chairman Beretuo Dynasty 1887 to 26 March 1888 Owusu Sekyere II, the Mamponghene Regent. Asante Civil War ends Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty 26 March 1888 to 12 May 1931 Otumfuo Nana Prempeh I, the Asantehene Original throne name: Kwaku Dua III Asamu 22 June 1931 to 27 May 1970 Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II, the Asantehene 6 July 1970 to 25 February 1999 Otumfuo Nana Opoku Ware II, the Asantehene Beretuo Dynasty 25 February 1999 to 26 April 1999 Osei Bonsu II, the Mamponghene Regent Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty 26 April 1999 to present Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II, the Asantehene
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