Mongol–Langam languages


Mongol–Langam languages
Mongol–Langam
Geographic
distribution:
New Guinea
Linguistic classification: Ramu – Lower Sepik?
  • Ramu?
    • Mongol–Langam
Subdivisions:

The Mongol–Langam languages are a language family of East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.[1] According to Summer Institute of Linguistics data from 2003, the member languages had the following number of speakers:

  • Mongol, 340 speakers[2]
  • Langam, 410 speakers[3]
  • Yaul, 1,210 speakers[4]

Their classification is somewhat unclear. Donald Laycock (1973) noted that the Mongol–Langam languages mark nouns for pluralisation, like the Lower Sepik languages (Nor–Pondo languages) and Yuat languages, and also that the lexicon also shows many resemblances to Yuat languages, while pronouns are similar to the Grass languages.[5] Malcolm Ross (2005) accepts them as Ramu languages.[6] However Ethnologue (2009) puts them as an independent family.[1]

Notes

References

  • Laycock, Donald C. (1973), Sepik languages – checklist and preliminary classification, Pacific linguistics Ser. B Monographs, The Australian National University, Research School of Pacific Studies, Dept. of Linguistics, ISBN 9780858830844 
  • Lewis, M. Paul (2009), Ethnologue (16th ed.), Dallas, TX: SIL International 
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005), "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages", in Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide et al., Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, pp. 15–66, ISBN 0858835622, OCLC 67292782 

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