Meonwara


Meonwara
Double round barrow on Old Winchester Hill, looking down into the Meon Valley

Meonwara or Meonsæte is the name of a people of probable Jutish origin who colonised what is now known as the Meon Valley, an area in southern Hampshire, England, during the late 5th century and early 6th century.[1]

Contents

Area of settlement

The land that the Meonwara Jutes settled was the valley of the River Meon and also part of southern Hampshire across the Solent from the Isle of Wight[1]

Sources

The Anglo Saxon Chronicle records a series of landings between 449 and 514CE of Anglo Saxon people in this area.[2] While the identity of those in the later landings are described as "West Saxons" those in the earlier landings are without description and generally considered to be the Jutes. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle the founders of Meonwara were Port and his two sons Bieda and Maegla.[3] These were later followed by Wihtgar and his brother Stuf who are said to have colonised the Isle of Wight (the name Wight derived from Wihtgar).[3][4][5]

The Anglo Saxon Chronicle gives a brief description of the Jutes who lived in southern Wessex:

"From the Jutes are descended the men of Kent, the Wightwarians (that is, the tribe that now dwelleth in the Isle of Wight), and that kindred in Wessex that men yet call the kindred of the Jutes.[5]

Another source of information comes from Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum by Bede:

"The Jutes are descended the people of Kent and the Isle of Wight and those in the province of the West Saxons opposite the Isle of Wight who are called Jutes to this day."[6]

Archaeological findings have uncovered evidence, in the valley of the River Hamble and elsewhere, that these early colonists were probably Jutes, and not Saxons.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Smith. Memorials of Old Hampshire:The Jutish Settlements of the Meon Valley. p.39
  2. ^ ASC Parker MS: AD449, AD455, AD477, AD495, AD501, AD514
  3. ^ a b Jones.The End of Roman Britain. p.71. - ..the repetitious entries for invading ships in the Chronicle (three ships of Hengest and Horsa; three ships of Aella; five ships of Cerdic and Cynric; two ships of Port; three ships of Stuf and Wihtgar), drawn from preliterate traditions including bogus eponyms and duplications, might be considered a poetic convention.
  4. ^ Yorke.Kings and Kingdoms p.27
  5. ^ a b ASC Parker 449
  6. ^ Bede.HE.1.15.
  7. ^ Lapidge. Anglo-Saxon England, Volume 20 . p.15

References

  • Wikisource-logo.svg s:Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Commissioned in the reign of Alfred the Great
  • Bede. Wikisource-logo.svg s:Ecclesiastical History of the English People.. Translation based on L.C. Jane (1903); A. M. Sellar (1907).
  • Jones, Michael E. (1998). The End of Roman Britain. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801485305. 
  • Lapidge, Michael (2009). Anglo-Saxon England Vol.20. Trowbridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052141380X. 
  • Smith, L. (2009). G.E.Jeans. ed. Memorials of Old Hampshire: The Jutish Settlements of the Meon Valley. London: BiblioBazaar. ISBN 1113823445. 
  • Yorke, Barbara (1997). Kings and Kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England. London: Routledge. ISBN 041516639x. 



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Northumbria — This article is about the medieval English kingdom. For the Old English dialect, see Northumbrian (Old English). For the modern county, see Northumberland. Kingdom of Northumbria Norþanhymbra ← …   Wikipedia

  • Mercia — This article is about the Anglo Saxon kingdom. For the Spanish city, see Murcia. For other uses, see Mercia (disambiguation). Kingdom of Mercia Miercna rīce ← …   Wikipedia

  • Surrey — This article is about the county of England. For other uses, see Surrey (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Surry (disambiguation). Surrey Motto of County Council: Making Surrey …   Wikipedia

  • Deira — For other uses, see Deira (disambiguation). Deira (Old English: Derenrice (Scandinavian: Deren Riket; Germanic Deren Reich) or Dere) was a kingdom in Northern England during the 6th century AD. It extended from the Humber to the Tees, and from… …   Wikipedia

  • List of monarchs of Wessex — Lists of the kings of Anglo Saxon England This article is part of a series Essex Mercia …   Wikipedia

  • List of monarchs of Northumbria — Lists of the kings of Anglo Saxon England This article is part of a series Essex Mercia …   Wikipedia

  • List of monarchs of Mercia — Lists of the kings of Anglo Saxon England This article is part of a series Essex Mercia …   Wikipedia

  • Titchfield — infobox UK place country = England latitude= 50.83 longitude= 1.23 population= official name= Titchfield shire district = Fareham shire county = Hampshire region= South East England constituency westminster= Fareham post town= FAREHAM postcode… …   Wikipedia

  • Æthelwealh of Sussex — Æthelwealh ( fl. c. 660 685) (also written Aedilualch, Aethelwalch, Aþelwold, Æðelwold, Æþelwald, or Ethelwalch) was the first historical king of Sussex. All known information about him comes from brief mentions in Eddius s The Life of Bishop… …   Wikipedia

  • Meonstoke — Coordinates: 50°58′44″N 1°07′39″W / 50.978754°N 1.127423°W / 50.978754; 1.127423 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.