- Disc film
The film was in the form of a flat disc, and was fully housed within a plastic cartridge. Each disc held fifteen 11 × 8 mm exposures, arranged around the outside of the disc, with the disc being rotated 24° between each image.
The system was primarily a consumer-oriented product, and most cameras were self-contained units with no expansion capability. The cameras were very simple to load and unload, and were generally completely automated. The cassette had a built-in dark slide to prevent stray light reaching the film when the disc was removed.
As the film was rotated on a disc instead of over a spool, the cassette was very thin, as were most of the cameras. The completely flat nature of the format also led to the (potential) advantage of greater sharpness over spool-based cassette formats (such as 110 and 126 film). Disc film has a very thick acetate base, comparable with 4×5" sheet film, which holds the film much flatter than the other formats.
Disc film did not prove hugely successful, mainly because the image on the negative was only 11 mm by 8 mm, leading to generally unacceptable grain and poor definition in the final prints. The film was intended to be printed with special 6-element lenses from Kodak, but many labs simply printed discs with standard 3-element lenses used for larger negative formats. The resulting prints often disappointed the consumer.
The film was officially discontinued by the last manufacturer, Kodak, on December 31, 1999, though the cameras had disappeared from the market long before then.
There were several different manufacturers of Disc film. Kodak produced films throughout the complete lifespan of the format, but 3M, Konica and Fuji also produced Disc film. While Kodak film was always eponymous, 3M and Konica made Disc film for many third parties, branded with the retailers logo. As with most photographic film, the country of manufacture is the best giveaway to the make.
- Fuji: Fujicolor HR series (1982–1995) and third party film. Manufactured in Japan.
- 3M: HR film series (1982–1996) and third party film. Manufactured in Italy until the 1990s, then USA.
- Konica: Konicacolor SR (c. 1983-86), SR-V (c. 1980's), SR-G (c. 1990-93). Also third party film. Manufactured in Japan.
There are still labs remaining in North America and the UK able to process disc film. Examples are DVD Your Memories, ScanDigital, Blue Moon Camera and Machine, Film Rescue, Dwayne's Photo, Rapid Photo Imaging Center Inc. and Rocky Mountain (reorganization in July 2010-still in operation but status unknown) in the USA, and Process C-22 in the UK, serving Europe. These are specialist services and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. The less expensive options provide a basic service while others are higher priced but include comprehensive digital corrections which greatly help improve the image quality of such long-expired film.
Disc film is not available to purchase new due to the very complex design. No manufacturers remain, nor are any likely to recommence production.
Disc film processors operating as of December 2010[update]:
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
disc film — disc′ film n. pht film used in a disc camera … From formal English to slang
disc film — film used in a disc camera. * * * … Universalium
disc film — film used in a disc camera … Useful english dictionary
Disc — Contents 1 Data storage 2 Science 2.1 Astronomy 2.2 Biology … Wikipedia
Disc-Kamera — Die Disc Kameras waren Anfang der 1980er Jahre der Versuch, ein neues Aufnahmeformat (den Kodak Disc Film) einzuführen, um die Handhabung der Medien in der Entwicklung zu vereinfachen. Dieses Format konnte sich aber nicht durchsetzen und die Disc … Deutsch Wikipedia
disc camera — disc′ cam era n. pht a camera that accepts a film cartridge in the form of a rotatable disc with film frames mounted around the outer edge … From formal English to slang
Disc — Éditeur Loriciel Développeur Voir ci contre Date de sortie 1990 Genre Sport futuriste Mode de jeu Un joueur Plate forme … Wikipédia en Français
Film tinting — is the process of adding color to black and white film, usually by means of soaking the film in dye and staining the film emulsion. The effect is that all of the light shining through is filtered, so that what would be white light is, in fact,… … Wikipedia
Disc brake — Close up of a disc brake on a car On automobiles, disc brakes are often located with … Wikipedia
Disc jockey — DJ and DJs redirect here. For other uses, see DJ (disambiguation) and DJs (disambiguation). Club Eifel s DJ Blaze performing at the 2009 Air Force Ball. A disc jockey, also known as DJ, is a person who selects and plays recorded music for an… … Wikipedia