Film format


Film format

A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image capture on photographic film, for either stills or movies. It can also apply to projected film, either slides or movies. The primary characteristic of a film format is its size and shape.

In the case of motion picture film, the format may also include audio parameters (though often not). Other characteristics usually include the film gauge, pulldown method, lens anamorphosis (or lack thereof), and film gate or projector aperture dimensions, all of which need to be defined for photography as well as projection, as they may differ.

Movie film formats

"See List of film formats"

Digital camera formats

"See Image sensor format"

Still photography film formats

Multiple image

(A) Unless otherwise noted, all formats were introduced by Kodak, who began allocating the number series in 1913. Before that, films were simply identified by the name of the cameras they were intended for. [cite web |url=http://members.aol.com/Chuck02178/film.htm |title=The History of Kodak Roll Films |accessdate=2007-06-17]

(B) Discontinued by major manufacturers but still produced by Ferrania.

(C) Discontinued by major manufacturers in 1995 but still produced by Fotokemika, in Croatia, and Bluefire in Canada.

"For roll holder" means film for cartridge roll holders, allowing roll film to be used with cameras designed to use glass plates.

The primary reason there were so many different negative formats in the early days was that prints were made by contact, without use of an enlarger. The film format would thus be exactly the same as the size of the print -- so if you wanted large prints, you would have to use a large camera and corresponding film format.

Single image

Size (in inches) Type
1⅝×2⅛"sixteenth-plate" tintypes
2×2½"ninth-plate" tintypes
2×3sheet film
2½×3½"sixth-plate" tintypes
3×4sheet film
3⅛×4⅛"quarter-plate" tintypes
3¼×4¼"quarter-plate" glass plates
3¼×5½postcard or 3A
4×5sheet film
4¼×6½"half-plate" glass plates
4½×5½"half-plate" tintypes
4×10sheet film
5×7sheet film
7×17sheet film
8×10sheet film
8×20sheet film
8½×6½"full-plate" glass plates, tintypes
11×14sheet film
12×20sheet film
14×17sheet film
16×20sheet film
20×24sheet film

Size (in cm) Type
6.5 × 9 sheet film
9 × 12 sheet film
10 × 15 sheet film
13 × 18 sheet film
18 × 24 sheet film
24 × 30 sheet film

Instant image

Designation Type
SX-70 Polaroid flat film cartridge with integrated battery
Type 37 Polaroid roll film cartridge
Type 47 Polaroid roll film cartridge
Type 88 Polaroid flat film cartridge
Type 100 Polaroid flat film cartridge
See [http://www.rwhirled.com/landlist/landfilm.htm] for a full list of Polaroid films.

Fuji produce instant films and film backs for sheet film cameras.

References

See also

*Contact print
*Film base
*Film gauge
*Film stock
*Keykode
*Medium format (film)
*Photographic printing for a table of standard photographic print sizes
*Projector
*Video

*List of motion picture-related topics

External links

*dmoz|Arts/Movies/Filmmaking/Film_Formats/|Film Formats
* [http://www.henninger.com/library/hdtvfilm/ Film Formats and HDTV]
* [http://www.film-center.com/formats.html Table of Film formats] by Mark Baldock
* [http://www.zerocut.com/tech/formats.html A comparison of large scale film formats]
* [http://www.nwmangum.com/Kodak/FilmHist.html Kodak roll films starting with 101]
* [http://members.aol.com/Chuck02178/film.htm The history of Kodak roll films]
* [http://medfmt.8k.com/bronfilms.html Classic camera film sizes, sources, and film adapters]
* [http://www.digitalfoto-berlin.de/archiv/filme/filme-rapid.htm AGFA Rapid]
* [http://www.toptown.com/nowhere/kypfer/Rapid/ 35 mm cameras using the AGFA Rapid cassette]
* [http://www.kodak.com/global/en/consumer/products/techInfo/aa13/aa13.shtml History of Kodak cameras]
* [http://www.rwhirled.com/landlist/landfilm.htm All about Land (Polaroid) instant film formats]
* [http://www.widescreenmuseum.com/ American Widescreen Museum]
* [http://www.saunalahti.fi/animato/filmhist/filmhist.html Sub-35mm movie film formats history webpage]
* [http://www.edinphoto.org.uk/1_early/1_early_photography_-_sizes.htm Plate and tintype sizes]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Film speed — is the measure of a photographic film s sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system. A closely related ISO system is used to measure the sensitivity of digital… …   Wikipedia

  • format — [ fɔrma ] n. m. • 1723; probablt it. formato, de formare « former » 1 ♦ Dimension caractéristique d un imprimé (livre, journal), déterminée par le nombre de feuillets d une feuille pliée ou non. Format in plano, in folio, in quarto, in octavo, in …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Film gauge — is a physical property of film stock which defines its width. Traditionally the major film gauges in usage are 8 mm, 16 mm, 35 mm, and 65/70 mm (in this case 65 mm for the negative and 70 mm for the release print). There have been other historic… …   Wikipedia

  • Film perforations — Film perforations, also known as perfs, are the holes placed in the film stock during manufacturing and used for transporting (via sprockets and claws) and steadying (via pin registration) the film. Films may have different types of perforations… …   Wikipedia

  • Film — This article is about motion pictures or movies. For still photography film, see Photographic film. For motion picture film, see Film stock. Movie and Moving picture redirect here. For other uses, see Movie (disambiguation), Moving Pictures… …   Wikipedia

  • Film stock — This focuses on motion picture film. For still photography film, see photographic film. A film strip Film stock is photographic film on which filmmaking of motion pictures are shot and reproduced. The equivalent in television production is video… …   Wikipedia

  • Film genre — See also: List of genres#Film genres and television genre In film theory, genre (English pronunciation: /ˈʒɒnrə/ or /ˈdʒɒnrə/) refers to the method based on similarities in the narrative elements from which films are constructed. Most… …   Wikipedia

  • Film frame — A film frame, or just frame, is one of the many single photographic images in a motion picture. The individual frames are separated by frame lines. Normally, 24 frames are needed for one second of film.In ordinary filming, the frames are… …   Wikipedia

  • Film scanner — Nikon Coolscan V ED 35mm film scanner (right) CanoScan9950F, a flatbed scanner that can also scan …   Wikipedia

  • Film 135 — Format 35 mm Description d’un film 35 mm ; « côté projecteur » suppose un projecteur à chargement à droite (en regardant la salle), ce qui est le cas général Le format 35 mm est un standard de pellicule photographique d… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.