- Lachine, Quebec
Lachine was a city on the
Island of Montrealin southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is now a boroughwithin the city of Montreal.
The borough is located in the southwest portion of the
island of Montreal, at the inlet of the Lachine Canal, between the borough of LaSalle, and the city of Dorval. It was a separate city until municipal mergers on January 1, 2002and did not demerge on January 1, 2006[http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=3156,3575643&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL] .
The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval to the northeast by Saint-Laurent, to the east by Côte-Saint-Luc, Montreal West and a narrow salient of
Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle. Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louisand the Saint Lawrence River.
It has an area of 17.83 km² and a population of 41,391.
Autoroute 20 passes through Lachine, which is also served by the Lachine commuter train station.
Most noticeable of Lachine's features is the
Lachine Canaland its recreational facilities, including the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. Around the canal's inlet, in the southern part of the borough, are located The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site, René LévesquePark (on a long peninsula extending into Lac Saint-Louis), and the Musée de Lachine, which has collections of modern outdoor sculpture both on its own grounds, in René Lévesque Park, and in other sites throughout the borough. Other historic buildings are also located near the canal's inlet.
Lachine has seen rejuvenation in recent years with the development of condominiums. Local shops have historically had a high turn-around rate, but due to gentrification this community's economic situation is improving.
Lachine, apparently from French "la Chine" (
China), is often said to have been named in 1669in mockery of its then owner Robert Cavelier de La Salle, who explored the interior of North America, trying to find a passage to Asia. When he returned unsuccessful, he and his men were derisively named "les Chinois" (Chinese). The name was adopted when the parish of Saints-Anges-de-la-Chine was created in 1678, with the form Lachine appearing with the opening of a post office in 1829. [ [http://www.toponymie.gouv.qc.ca/ct/topos/odo.asp?Speci=98645 Commission de toponymie du Québec - Lachine (Ville)] ]
On August 5th,
1689, more than 1500 Mohawk warriors raided the small village and burned it to the ground in retaliation for the ravaging of the Seneca lands by governor Denonville and his men. The Lachine massacreleft 80 dead and terrorized the other French colonists living on the island of Montreal, and more massacres of this kind were to take place on the island during the following decade.
Lachine was incorporated as a city in
1872. In 1999, it merged with the town of Saint-Pierre, Quebecbefore being merged into Montreal in 2002. Its logo, during its municipality days, is still in use as of today.
Federal and provincial elections
The entire borough is located within the federal riding of
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine, and within the provincial electoral district of Marquette.
The current borough mayor is
The borough is divided into three districts:
The current borough councillors are
Claude Dauphinand Jane Cowell-Poitras; the additional borough councillor is Bernard Blanchet.The official fleet vehicle of the Lachine borough is a white Ford Aerostar.
* [http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/pls/portal/url/page/arr_lach_en/accueil Borough website]
Canadian City Geographic Location
Center= Borough of Lachine
Saint Lawrence River"
Saint Lawrence River"
Additional borough councillors are Bernard Blanchet, Jean-François Cloutier and Elizabeth Verge.
Municipal reorganization in Quebec
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Look at other dictionaries:
Lachine — (French: La Chine The China ) may refer to a number of places in the Montreal area:*Lachine, Quebec the community; *the Lachine Rapids; *the Lachine Canal; *The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site; *the Lachine train station on the Dorion … Wikipedia
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Lachine (ancienne circonscription fédérale) — Lachine fut une circonscription électorale fédérale du Québec, située sur l île de Montréal. Elle fut représentée à la Chambre des communes de 1968 à 1988. La circonscription de Lachine fut créée en 1966 à partir d une partie de la… … Wikipédia en Français
Lachine–Lac-Saint-Louis — Lachine Lac Saint Louis Lachine Lac Saint Louis fut une circonscription électorale fédérale du Québec, située sur l île de Montréal. Elle fut représentée à la Chambre des communes de 1988 à 1997. La circonscription de Lachine Lac Saint Louis fut… … Wikipédia en Français
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Lachine — Stadt Montreal Fläche 17,7 km² … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lachine (electoral district) — Lachine (formerly known as Lachine Lakeshore ) was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1968 to 1988. This riding was created in 1966 from Jacques Cartier Lasalle riding. It… … Wikipedia