- Governor of New France
The Governor of New France was the
viceroyof the King of Francein North America. A French noble, he was appointed to govern the colonies of New France, which included Canada, Acadiaand Louisiana. The residence of the Governor was at the "Château St-Louis" in the capital of Quebec City. Acadia, Louisiana, and the towns of Trois-Rivières and Montrealhad their own particular governors.
Prior to the establishment of the
1663Sovereign Council, the highest positions in New France were that of Governorand Lieutenant-General, which were often held by the same person. The Governor then had responsibilities over both military and civil affairs in the colonies. With the new royal administration of 1663, the title of Governor Generalwas given to the person responsible for the military and diplomatic relations. The administration of justice, police, and finance was given to the Intendant, who presided over the Sovereign Council. The Governor General answered to the French Secretary of State of the Navy and the Controller General of Finance.
Charles de Montmagny, North American Indiansreferred to the governor as Onontio, meaning "Great Mountain". Each Onontio was the head of the Franco-Indian alliance. Name Term Sovereign Samuel de Champlain 1627- 1635 Louis XIII Charles de Montmagny 1635- 1648 Louis XIV Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge 1648- 1651 Jean de Lauzon 1651- 1657 Le vicomte d'Argenson 1658- 1661 Le baron d'Avaugour 1661- 1663
* [http://www.champlain2004.org/html/administration.html New France - Administration]
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