- Marlborough, New Zealand
Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the
South Island. Marlborough is a unitary authority, both a region and a district, and its council is located at Blenheim. Marlborough is known for its dry climate, the picturesque Marlborough Sounds, and Sauvignon blancwine.
Marlborough's geography can be roughly divided into four sections. Two of these sections, in the south and the west, are mountainous. This is particularly true of the southern section, which rises to the peaks of the
Kaikoura Ranges. These two mountainous regions are the final northern vestiges of the ranges that make up the Southern Alps, although that name is rarely applied to mountains this far north.
Between these two areas is the long straight valley of the
Wairau River. This broadens to wide plains at its eastern end, in the centre of which stands the town of Blenheim. This region has fertile soil and temperate weather, and as such has become a centre of the New Zealand wineindustry.
Marlborough's fourth geographic zone lies along its north coast. Here, the drowned valleys of the
Marlborough Soundsmake for a convoluted and attractive coastline. The town of Picton is located at the southern end of one of the larger sounds, Queen Charlotte Sound .
People and government
Marlborough is administered by a
unitary authority, the Marlborough District Council. Between 1859 and 1876 Marlborough had its own provincial government, and was known as the Marlborough Province.
Much of the region's population is found around the coastal plains around and to the south of the mouth of the Wairau, and in smaller settlements along the coast of the Sounds. Apart from the main urban areas of Blenheim and Picton, Marlborough's towns include Havelock, Renwick, Ward, and Seddon. For some purposes, the town of
Kaikourais also considered part of Marlborough.
Marlborough's world-famous former residents include rocket scientist William Pickering and
Nobel Prize-winning physicist Ernest Rutherford.
Important cities and towns
Blenheim is the region's
capitaland only city. It also has the largest population of the area.
Its major towns and cities are:
Marlborough can lay claim to starting the modern
New Zealand wineindustry. Here in the late 1970s, Marlborough produced Sauvignon Blanc, among other varieties, which led to confidence that New Zealand could produce exciting wine.
Today, the Marlborough wine region represents 62% of total vineyard area in the country [http://www.wine-marlborough.co.nz/home.htm] . The king
varietalhere is Sauvignon Blanc, closely followed by Pinot Noirand Chardonnay.
The strong contrast between hot sunny days and cool nights help vintners extend the ripening period of their vines like nowhere else, resulting in unique expressions of their grapes. For example,
Sauvignon Blancfrom Marlborough offer very unique aromas and flavors, which earns them much praise from wine lovers around the world.
The majority of Marlborough's extensive vineyard plantings are around Renwick, Blenheim, and
Cloudy Bayin the Wairau valley. Further south in the Awatere valley are plantings near Seddon. These are for the most part on old terraces of the Wairau and Awatere rivers.
The area is widely considered by many critics to produce the world's best Sauvignon Blanc. One wine critic said that "no other region in the world can match Marlborough, the northeastern corner of New Zealand's South Island, which seems to be the best place in the world to grow Sauvignon blanc grapes."
Hunters Wines, Cloudy Bay Vineyards, Saint Clair Estate Wineryand Grove Millare notable vineyards in the region. Also important is the production of Methode Traditionelle sparkling wines, particularly near Renwick, from Riesling, Pinot Noirand Chardonnay.
New Zealand wine
*List of schools in Marlborough
* [http://www.marlborough.co.nz/ Discover Marlborough: The Marlborough Web Directory]
* [http://www.marlboroughonline.co.nz/community/ Marlborough Online]
* [http://www.marlborough.govt.nz/ Marlborough District Council]
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