List of illegal political parties in Turkey

List of illegal political parties in Turkey

Illegal political parties in Turkey lists those organisations founded in or carried out activities mainly targeted to Turkey that (a) consider themselves to be political parties as indicated in their self-assigned names, (b) are not or cannot be established under the laws of Republic of Turkey.

Some of these organisations have carried out terrorist activities and hence can also be classified as terrorist organisations. Indeed Turkish public authorities prefer either that denomination or that of illegal organisations ("yasadışı örgütler" in Turkish). However the term illegal political party ("yasadışı siyasal parti" or "yasadışı siyasi parti" in Turkish) is also used in official documents [See for example the decision no. 2349/1992 of 15th of November 1992 of the Eight Chamber of Council of State:] .

Active illegal parties

According to Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security (Turkish police) there are 12 active terrorist organisations in Turkey [TÜRKİYE'DE HALEN FAALİYETLERİNE DEVAM EDEN BAŞLICA TERÖR ÖRGÜTLERİ:] 11 of which are illegal political parties:

*"Devrimci Halk Kurtuluş Partisi/Cephesi " (DHKP/C) (Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front)
*"Maoist Komünist Partisi" (MKP) (Maoist Communist Party)
*"TKP/ML - KONFERANS" (Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist)
*"Marksist Leninist Komünist Parti" (MLKP) (Marxist Leninist Communist Party)
*PKK/KONGRA-GEL (Kurdistan Workers Party)
*"Kürdistan Devrim Partisi" (PŞK)(Revolutionary Party of Kurdistan)
*"Kürdistan Demokrat Partisi/Bakur" (PDK/Bakur) (Democrat Party of Kurdistan/North) ["Bakur" means "north" in Kurdish. The list uses a title that is partly Turkish and partly Kurdish.]
*(Turkish) Kurdish-Hizbullah (Hezbollah)
*"Hilafet Devleti" (HD) (The Caliphate State) (also known as "Kaplancılar")
*"İslami Büyük Doğu Akıncılar Cephesi" (İBDA/C) (Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front)
*"Tevhid-Selam" ("Kudüs Ordusu") (The Army of Jerusalem)

The 12th organisation is the Turkish branch of El Qaeda which is a network instead of a political party [MidEastWeb for Coexistence. 2004. "Inside Al-Qaeda":] .

"Teyrêbazên Azadiya Kurdistan" (TAK), that is Kurdistan Freedom Falcons in Kurdish, is not on the list despite being designated as a terrorist organisation by the USA, EU and the UK. However US designation of TAK as a terrorist organisation has taken place in January 2008 [ [ U.S. labels Kurdish group as terrorist - ] ] . It is not clear whether or not TAK carries out militant activies only or both militant and political activities.

Inactive illegal parties

According to H. A. Özhan there are eight important organisations that are illegal political parties in the history of modern Turkey [Özhan, H. A. 1998. "Osmanlı ve Cumhuriyet Tarihi Boyunca Siyasi Partilerimiz ". "Yeni Türkiye" 23. A summary is available from the WWW:] . Only TKP/ML from his list is still active. The other seven are as follows:

*"Türkiye Komünist Partisi" (Communist Party of Turkey)
*"Türkiye İhtilalci İşçi Köylü Partisi" (Revolutionary Workers' and Peasants' Party of Turkey)
*"Türkiye Halk Kurtuluş Ordusu" (People's Liberation Army of Turkey)
*"Türkiye Halk Kurtuluş Partisi-Cephesi" (People's Liberation Party-Front of Turkey)
*"Türkiye Komünist Emek Partisi" (Communist Labor Party of Turkey)
*"Türkiye Komünist Partisi/Birlik" (Communisty Party of Turkey/Union)
*"Türkiye Devrimci Komünist Partisi" (Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey)

Other organisations that can be categorized as illegal political parties in Turkey include the following:

*Islamic Party of Kurdistan
*Kurdish Islamic Movement

ee also

* List of political parties in Turkey
* Communist Party of Turkey for a list of communist parties in Turkey


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of political parties in Turkey — Political parties in Turkey lists political parties in Turkey. Turkey is parliamentary democracy with a multi party system. The partiesMajor parties are defined as political parties that received more than 10% of the votes in the latest general… …   Wikipedia

  • turkey — /terr kee/, n., pl. turkeys, (esp. collectively) turkey. 1. a large, gallinaceous bird of the family Meleagrididae, esp. Meleagris gallopavo, of America, that typically has green, reddish brown, and yellowish brown plumage of a metallic luster… …   Universalium

  • Turkey — /terr kee/, n. a republic in W Asia and SE Europe. 63,528,225; 296,184 sq. mi. (767,120 sq. km). (286,928 sq. mi. (743,145 sq. km) in Asia; 9257 sq. mi. (23,975 sq. km) in Europe). Cap.: Ankara. Cf. Ottoman Empire. * * * Turkey Introduction… …   Universalium

  • Turkey — Turkey–Kurdistan Workers Party conflict Date August 15, 1984 – present Location Turkey, Iraqi Kurdistan Result Ongoing …   Wikipedia

  • List of communist parties — Communist parties …   Wikipedia

  • List of pornography laws by country — Pornography laws differ widely from region to region. Below is a brief summary of pornography restrictions, sorted by country: Australia Technically it is illegal to sell or rent X rated material in all states of Australia, but it is not illegal… …   Wikipedia

  • List of The Chaser's War on Everything episodes — Contents 1 Series 1 (2006) 2 Series 2 (2007) 3 Series 3 (2009) 4 See also The following is a list of episodes of the Australian satirical televisio …   Wikipedia

  • List of coalition military operations of the Iraq War — Operation Aloha redirects here. For the band, see Operation Aloha (band). Nordlicht redirects here. For the Kriegsmarine ship, see SS Nordlicht. Operation Falcon Freedom redirects here. For the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973… …   Wikipedia

  • List of successful coups d'état — Coups d état are listed by country in alphabetical order.A E*Afghanistan in 1973 by Mohammed Daoud Khan against Mohammad Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan [… …   Wikipedia

  • List of The Honeymooners episodes — Mama Loves Mambo redirects here. For the Perry Como song, see Papa Loves Mambo. This article provides a list of all known 1950 s episodes of The Honeymooners, including both the filmed half hour episodes (the Classic 39 ) and the live sketches… …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.