- Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (Turkey)
MLKP was formed in September
1994, through the unification of Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist - Hareketi(TKP/ML-Hareketi) and Communist Workers Movement of Turkey(TKİH). TKP/ML-Hareketi was the larger of the two. Both groups came from the pro- Albanian camp. The unity process of negotiations between the groups had started in 1989. Initially MLKP called itself 'MLKP-Kuruluş' (MLKP-Foundation).
(TKP/ML (YİÖ)) merged into the party, and the name was changed to MLKP.
Later the same year a split occur, and the
Communist Party - Build-up Organization(KP-İÖ) is formed.
The youth wing of MLKP is called the
Communist Youth Organization("Komünist Gençlik Örgütü" in Turkish, abbreviated as "KGÖ").
The organisation has had three periodicals: Atılım ("The Leap") (or "Yeni Atılım" (The New Leap)), a daily news bulletin, "Partinin Sesi" (The Voice of the Party), an institutional publication and "Teoride Doğrultu" (The Direction in Theory), a theoretical-political journal) [Family Tree of the Turkish Radical Left [http://www.broadleft.org/tr.htm] . The 26th and last issue of Teoride Doğrultu was published in 2006 [Teoride Doğrultu http://www.teoridedogrultu.org/] .
Designation as a Terrorist Organisation
The organisation is listed among the 12 active terrorist organisation in Turkey as of 2007 according to Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security (Turkish police) [TÜRKİYE'DE HALEN FAALİYETLERİNE DEVAM EDEN BAŞLICA TERÖR ÖRGÜTLERİ: http://www.egm.gov.tr/temuh/terorgrup1.html] .
A study carried out by the Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security over a sample of files about people convicted of being a terrorist under Turkish laws including 826 militants from the organisation and the three other currently active left-wing organisations (see reference 1) 65 % of the members are aged 14 to 25, 16,8 % 25 to 30 and 17,5 % are older than 30. University graduates make up 20,4 % of the members, high school graduates 33,5 %, secondary school graduates 14 %, primary school graduates 29,9 % and illiterates 1,9 % (while they have no sampled literate non-graduate members) [Zaman. 25.12.2007. "Dikkat: Hangi yasadışı örgüte kimler üye olur?". http://www.iyibilgi.com/haber.php?haber_id=47595] .
* [http://www.mlkp.info/ MLKP]
* [http://www.atilim.org/haberler/index.html Atılım]
List of illegal political parties in Turkey
Communist Party of Turkeyfor a list of communist parties in Turkey
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