Disturbia (song)

Disturbia (song)
Single by Rihanna
from the album Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded
Released July 22, 2008 (2008-07-22)
(see release history)
Format Digital download, CD single
Recorded 2008
Genre Dance-pop, electropop
Length 3:58
Label Def Jam
Writer(s) Robert Allen, Andre Merritt, Chris Brown, Brian Kennedy
Producer Brian Kennedy
Rihanna chronology
"Take A Bow"
"Live Your Life"

"Disturbia" is a song by Barbadian recording artist Rihanna, taken from the re-release, Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded (2008), of her third studio album Good Girl Gone Bad (2007). The song was released as the third single from the reloaded edition of the album, and seventh overall. "Disturbia" was released to US Contemporary hit radio on June 17, 2008 and was physically released in the United Kingdom on July 22, 2008. The song was written by Andre Merritt, Chris Brown, Brian Kennedy, Rob. A, with production of the song completed by Kennedy. "Disturbia" is an uptempo dance-pop and electro-pop song with a "sizzling" beat.[1][2] It is reminiscent of one of Rihanna's previous singles "Don't Stop the Music". Lyrically, the song discusses the general experiences of anguish, anxiety and confusion.

"Disturbia" was well received by music critics with many of them praising its dark musical tone, lyrics and beat. In the US, Billboard ranked the song at number nine on its list of "Songs of the Summer of 2008". Additionally, About.com ranked the song at number two on the list of "Rihanna's Best Hit Songs" and at number eight on "The Best Uses of Auto-Tune in Pop Music". "Disturbia" earned Rihanna an award for Best International Song at the 2009 NRJ Music Awards and a nomination for Best Dance Recording at the 51st Grammy Awards.

The song was a commercial success, reaching number one in Belgium (Flanders) and New Zealand and became a top-ten hit in more than twenty countries including Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. "Disturbia" debuted at number eighteen in the US Billboard Hot 100 and became Rihanna's then highest debut. Later, it managed to reach number-one on the chart, and stayed there for two consecutive weeks. With that the song became Rihanna's third number-one single from Good Girl Gone Bad and fourth overall in the United States.

The accompanying music video for "Disturbia" was directed by American director Anthony Mandler. It portrays Rihanna in various situations such as in a prison cell and gas chamber. "Disturbia" has regularly featured in Rihanna's tours and live performances since its release. The song was part of the set-list on her three major tours: Good Girl Gone Bad (2007—09), Last Girl on Earth (2010—11) and Loud Tour (2011).



"Disturbia", which was co-written by Brown and his team, was considered to be part of the re-released edition of his album Exclusive (2007). However, he later forwarded the song to Rihanna.

"Disturbia" was originally written by Rihanna's then-boyfriend Chris Brown and his team: Brian Kennedy, Rob. A and Andre Merritt, better known as the Graffiti Artizts.[3] The track was considered to be part of the re-release edition of his album Exclusive (2007). However, after finishing the song, Brown took preference to another song, "Forever", which later became the lead single from his re-released album title Exclusive: The Forever Edition (2008). He felt that "Disturbia" would be better suited for a female singer and instead forwarded the song to Rihanna.[4] When writing the song, he was inspired "to go totally left and kind of weird".[5] Speaking to USA Today, Brown described his feelings with regard to him giving the song to Rihanna: "It's fun being creative and even if you have a concept in your head to write about, you can write it and give it and give it to someone else because it might not personally fit you, but it might be an idea you have."[5]

"Disturbia" was recorded in 2008 at Rocky Mountain Recorders in Denver, Colorado.[6] Speaking to Nick Levine of Digital Spy, she explained: "I went into the studio making music my way. I found myself all at once".[7] In an interview on This Morning, Rihanna said that the song is not necessarily about a specific personal experience, but rather the general feelings of mental anguish, anxiety and confusion. Rihanna further explained that she wanted to record the song because she felt that listeners would be able to relate to the subject matter.[8] Bill Lamb from About.com felt that the lyrics ring a bit of urban creepiness in a similar way that her 2006 single "Unfaithful" did.[4] Other critics interpreted it as Rihanna singing about being frightened but felt that lyrically, it made no sense.[9]

When Good Girl Gone Bad was repackaged, Rihanna approached L.A. Reid, boss of Def Jam, suggesting to release "Disturbia" as a single and follow-up to "Take a Bow".[10] Speaking to MTV News, Reid said, "It was the first time Rihanna actually came to me and said, 'Here's the song I want to put out.' She played me the song. That was her taking control [...] She understands what hits are, and she knows what she wants to say. She's at that place where she can do that."[10]


Musically, "Disturbia" is an uptempo dance-pop and electropop song with a "sizzling" beat.[1][2] The song is reminiscent of Rihanna's previous single "Don't Stop the Music" (2007).[11] The rock-tinged song opens with a horror movie-like scream, followed by the hook "Bum-bum-be-dum-bum-bum-be-dum-bum" which has been likened to the "Ella-ella-ella-ey-ey-ey" hook from "Umbrella" (2007).[2] It then transitions into a spoken part, where Rihanna says What's wrong with me?/Why do I feel like this?/I'm going crazy now!, before the first verse begins.

Fraser McAplpine from BBC Music has claimed that the song's chorus can be likened to Eiffel 65's "Blue (Da Ba Dee)" (1999).[11] According to digital music sheet published at Musicnotes.com by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, "Disturbia" is composed in a key of B minor and is set in common time with a moderate techno-pop groove. Rihanna's vocal range spans from the lower note of F3 to the high note of D5 and the track follows a chord progression of Bm-D-A-G in the verses and chorus.[12] The song features various vocal effects,[2] namely the use of Auto-Tune and a vocoder in contrast with the detached electronic bounce of the song[13] and its weaving, winding melody.[1]

Critical reception

"Disturbia" received positive reviews from contemporary music critics. Josh Tyrangiel of Time complimented the song's "rubber-ball melodies that bounce around your head".[14] Bill Lamb from About.com gave the track a four out five star rating and called it an "Instant dancefloor smash" with "exciting" lyrics and said that contains "the sound of an immediate hit". Lamb went on to say that "Disturbia" is Rihanna's most progressive and confident vocal to-date, displaying the authority of an established star.[4] Alex Fletcher of Digital Spy said that unlike the usual seventh single release by an artist, "Disturbia" is one Rihanna's stronger releases and that it proves that she is ruling '08 much like she did '07.[2] He went on to described it as a "fun-packed electro treat filled with sizzling beats and crazy vocal effects." Fletcher further highlighted the song's strong intro hook and said that the chorus is her catchiest since "Umbrella".[2] Spence D of IGN felt that the track has an infectious "Bum-bum-be-dum-bum-bum" hook that sucks you into the detached electronic bounce of the track.[13] Jaime Gill from Yahoo! Music highlighted the song's "insistent hook, sturdy beat and weaving, winding melody."[1] Fraser McAlpine from the BBC Music deemed the song's plus points to be Rihanna's icy whine, the frosty-rave chorus and the Eiffel 65-like refrain.[11]

About.com later listed the song at number two, behind "Umbrella", on its list 'Rihanna's Best Hit Songs'[15] and at number eight on its list for 'The Best Uses of Auto-Tune in Pop Music'.[16] Also the magazine Billboard ranked the song at number nine on its list of "Songs of the Summer of 2008".[17] Time Magazine has named the song on number two on its list of '10 Best Songs of the Summer', only behind Kid Rock's "All Summer Long".[18] According to Caryn Ganz, a reviewer from the US-based magazine Rolling Stone, "Disturbia" was the second best song of 2008, only behind MGMT's "Kids".[19] The song won an award for "Best International Song" at the 2009 NRJ Music Awards, however, after a miscommunication, Katy Perry accepted the award for her single "I Kissed A Girl". Later, the awards host Nikos Aliagas admitted that originally Rihanna won the award.[20] The song also earned Rihanna a nomination for Best Dance Recording at the 51st Grammy Awards, but lost to Daft Punk's "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger".[21]

Chart performance

"Disturbia" made its US debut on the Billboard Hot 100 at number eighteen on June 26, 2008, becoming Rihanna's sixth top-twenty from Good Girl Gone Bad.[22] In the issue dated August 14, 2008 the song topped the chart, selling 148,000 downloads according to Nielsen SoundScan and replaced Katy Perry's "I Kissed A Girl" after seven weeks reign.[23] "Disturbia" became Rihanna's fourth number-one song on the chart only after "SOS", "Umbrella" and "Take a Bow", and tied her with Beyoncé and Mariah Carey for most number-one singles of the decade.[23] The single topped the chart for two consecutive weeks.[24] For the Billboard issue dated September 13, 2008, "Disturbia" also topped both the Hot Dance Club Play and Hot Dance Airplay charts.[25] The song also peaked at number one on the US Billboard Pop Songs, becoming her third number one on the chart, after "Unfaithful" and "Take a Bow".[26] By December 19, 2008, "Disturbia" had been certified triple-platinum for shipping over 3,000,000 digital sales by the RIAA.[27] As of August 2011, the song has sold over 4,240,000 digital units in the US alone.[28] The song was also successful in Canada, where it peaked at number two on the Canadian Hot 100 and stayed there for five weeks.[29]

In the United Kingdom, after the release of Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded, "Disturbia" debuted on the UK Singles Chart at number forty-seven due to digital sales.[30] After the release of the music video, the song re-entered the chart at number forty-seven and ended up peaking at number three, from digital only sales giving Rihanna her eighth British top ten single.[30] It spent eleven weeks in the Top 10 on the UK Singles Chart[30] and has sold more than 430,000 copies in the United Kingdom alone.[31] "Disturbia" also became Rihanna's third longest charting single in the UK where it has spent 36 weeks in the Top 100, only being passed by two extra weeks from "Don't Stop the Music"[32] and her massive hit "Umbrella"[33] which spent 38 and 71 weeks respectively.

Elsewhere in Europe, "Disturbia" managed to reach the top ten in fifteen other countries. The song debuted on number three in France and stayed there for one week.[34] Disturbia stayed on the French Singles Chart for 36 weeks, becoming Rihanna's second longest charting single on it, only after "Only Girl (In the World).[34] The single was more successful in Belgium (Flanders) where it peaked at number one[35] and managed to peak at number four in Belgium (Wallonia).[36] It was later certified Gold by the Belgian Entertainment Association for selling over 10,000 copies. In Spain, "Disturbia" reached a peak of ten and was also certified Gold by the Productores de Música de España. The song managed to reach number two in Finland,[37] number three in Norway,[38] number four in Austria,[39] Denmark,[40] Hungary,[41] the Republic of Ireland,[42] Sweden[43] and Switzerland,[44] number five in Germany,[45] number seven in Slovakia[46] and number ten in Czech Republic,[47] and Netherlands.[48][49] The song reached number one in New Zealand, becoming Rihanna's third number one single, and her first since "Umbrella". On August 23, 2009 "Disturbia" was certified Platinum,[50] for selling over 15,000 copies.[51] In Australia, it managed to reach number six.[52] It was certified Gold on the downloads alone, before the physical release several weeks later, when it was subsequently certified Platinum.[53]

Music video


The music video for "Disturbia" was filmed on July 1, 2008 in Los Angeles, California.[54] Originally, it was reported that the video was directed by American photographer and director, David LaChapelle, who previously directed Christina Aguilera's "Dirrty" (2002) and Gwen Stefani's "Rich Girl" (2004).[54] However, later sources came on surface saying that the video was directed by Rihanna's long collaborator Anthony Mandler, who previously directed her music videos for "Shut Up and Drive" (2007), "Hate That I Love You" (2007) and "Take a Bow" (2008).[55][56][57] Rihanna also co-directed the video, becoming her second work after the co-direction for the 2007 single "Don't Stop the Music".[57] The video was choreographed by Rihanna's long time choreographer, Tina Landon, who is best known for her work with Janet Jackson.[54] The "Disturbia" music video, was released exclusively on iTunes on July 22, 2008.[58] The video managed to reach the top spot on Total Request Live in August, 2008 and stayed there for eleven days.[59]

Synopsis and reception

A shot from the music video where Rihanna is seen prisoned. She is wearing lenses that make look as if her eyes have rolled into the back of her head.

The music video for "Disturbia" begins in a surrealistic torture chamber where Rihanna is seen dressed in black, wearing a dark make-up and having long black nails while she presses the keys of a big dark piano and looks into the camera. As the song starts different "scary" images of Rihanna are shown. In one of the scenes she is seen imprisoned wearing lenses that make look as if her eyes have rolled into the back of her head. Rihanna stays in the prison with two men watching on her from the both sides. Other scenes include Rihanna sitting on a throne chair and singing the song, while two strange women are also around her. Then various people around her are holding her body in front of a gas chamber. As the chorus starts Rihanna is seen tied up in a bed from which she can't get out. At the bridge of the song Rihanna and her dancers are performing a Thriller-esque dance routine.[60] As the second verse starts, Rihanna is seen holding a column and fire is around her. As the song continues, Rihanna drags a man doll around a metal web. In the second chorus she wears a metal spines corset while one tarantula is upon her arm. In the later scene, Rihanna is in a very tiny room, with her hands and legs been tied up. The video ends with Rihanna turning around on her chair.

According to Tamar Anitai from MTV Buzzworthy, "Disturbia" is "yin to the yang of Chris Brown's 'Wall to Wall' which features creepy crawly chicks climbing the walls in latex."[60] He later, listed the video at number five on the "Buzzworthy's Top 5 Most Paranoid Music Videos" stating: "In Rihanna's "Disturbia" video, obsession manifests itself in freaky-deaky tarantulas, wigs, wolves, and a creepy dude in an eye patch. And S&M-y corsets. Paranoia never looked so supernaturally sexy!".[61] Simon Vozick-Levinson from Entertainment Weekly also reviewed the video commenting: "It looks like she accidentally wandered into Nine Inch Nails' 'Closer' video, or else some sort of freaky Victorian mental hospital". He later continued saying that the video is not what he expected from a dance-pop song, but it's also cool that Rihanna is trying something new.[62]

Live performances

Rihanna performing "Disturbia" on the Australian leg of the Last Girl on Earth Tour.

Rihanna performed "Disturbia" for the first time at the 2008 MTV Video Music Awards. The song opened the show, and was performed after Britney Spears' opening speech.[63] Rihanna performed it while revealing a leather "goth inspired" outfit. Together with the dancer troops, she also performed a Thriller inspired dance, with glow sticks and leather props being used through the performance.[64][65] About the performance, Brian Orloff from People commented that "after Britney left, the stage was ceded to a futuristic-looking Rihanna, who launched into her hit 'Disturbia' with a goth-themed entourage touting glow sticks and leather."[66] In 2011, according to poll made by Billboard Magazine, the performances was the 10th best ever on the MTV Video Music Awards.[67] On September 19, 2008 Rihanna went to France, to perform "Disturbia" at Star Academy France. Following the performance of the song, Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded soared from number forty-three to number eleven and peaked at number eight the following week, becoming Rihanna's first album to reach the top ten in France.[68] Rihanna also performed "Disturbia" at the 2009 Super Bowl which was held at the Pepsi Center in Denver, Colorado.[69] It was the first song on the set-list that also featured other songs from her latest release Good Girl Gone Bad.[69] The performance of the song featured a sample from White Stripes song "Seven Nation Army" with flames shot up across the front of the stage.[69]

Following the release of her fourth studio album Rated R, Rihanna held a Nokia promotional concert at Brixton Academy in London.[70] Rihanna performed the song as part of a set list, which included some songs from the new release: "Russian Roulette", "Wait Your Turn" and "Hard", the latter of which Rihanna was joined on stage by Young Jeezy, to perform the song together.[70] However, during the set, Rihanna also performed other songs from Good Girl Gone Bad, including "Don't Stop the Music" and "Take a Bow". "Run This Town" and "Umbrella" were performed with assistance of Jay-Z, who's vocals are featured on the songs.[70] On February 5, 2010, Rihanna performed at the Pepsi Super Bowl in Miami, Florida.[71] She performed "Disturbia" in a medley with other songs including "Russian Roulette" and "Wait Your Turn".[71] She performed on the stage while revealing a one-shoulder, one-leg catsuit that featured white trimming.[71] In February 2010 she also recorded an AOL Sessions, where she performed the song together with other tracks including "Hard", "Rude Boy" and "Take a Bow".[72]

Rihanna performed "Disturbia" on her three major tours: Good Girl Gone Bad, Last Girl on Earth and the Loud Tour. The song was added on the Good Girl Gone Bad Tour set-list during the Australasian leg of the tour. It was the opening song, performed only after the intro on the tour.[73] Rihanna also performed "Disturbia" on her second major concert tour, Last Girl on Earth Tour.[74] The song was performed as the sixth track, after "Fire Bomb".[74] Rihanna performed it in a slower ballad remix, surrounded by three big four-legged insect monsters as she crawled on the floor to escape while singing it.[75] About the performance Lisa Wilton from Calgary Sun commented that: "Rihanna's goth side came out - and by 'goth side' I mean she sang alongside dancers dressed as freaky, giant spiders - during the darker dancefloor anthem, 'Disturbia'."[76] On her Loud Tour, Rihanna performed "Disturbia" as second track, only after the opening song "Only Girl (In the World)". Rihanna performed the song in a brightly colored sequined bikini, while partially been dragging on a moveable floor.[77] Rob Williams from Winipeg Free Press stated: "Rihanna dropped her blue coat to reveal a jewel- encrusted bikini for 'Disturbia'. It was the first of numerous costume changes that showed off her fashion sense and plenty of skin."[78]

Formats and track listing

Digital download[79]
  1. "Disturbia" (Album Version) — 4:00
  2. "Disturbia" (Instrumental) — 3:58
Digital Remixes[80]
  1. "Disturbia" (Jody Den Broeder Remix) — 7:45
  2. "Disturbia" (Craig C's Master Vocal Mix) — 9:17
  3. "Disturbia" (Craig C's and Nique's Tribal Mayhem Mix) — 8:21
  4. "Disturbia" (Jody Den Broeder Bum Bum Dub) — 8:15
  5. "Disturbia" (Craig C's Disturbstramental Mix) — 9:17
FR Extended Play[81]
  1. "Disturbia" (Album Version) — 4:00
  2. "Disturbia" (Jody den Broeder Radio Edit) - 3:52
  3. "Disturbia" (Instrumental) — 3:58
UK and German CD single[82]
  1. "Disturbia" - 3:58
  2. "Disturbia" (Jody den Broeder Radio Edit) - 3:52
  3. "Disturbia" (Instrumental) - 3:58
  4. "Disturbia" (Music video) - 4:20

Credits and personnel

Credits are taken from Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded liner notes.[6]

  • Vocals by Rihanna
  • Backing vocals by Andre Meritt and Chris Brown
  • Written and composed by Andre Meritt, Chris Brown, Brian Kennedy and Rob A.
  • Produced by Brian Kennedy
  • Recorded at the Rocky Mountain Recorders in Denver, Colorado
  • Recorded by Andrew Vastola
  • Vocal Production by Makeba Ridick
  • Mixed by Phil Tan
    • Assistant (s): Carlos Oyanedel


Weekly charts

Chart (2008) Peak
Australia (ARIA)[52] 6
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 75)[39] 4
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[35] 1
Belgium (Ultratop 40 Wallonia)[36] 4
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[29] 2
Czech Republic (IFPI)[47] 10
Denmark (Tracklisten)[40] 4
European Hot 100 Singles[83] 2
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[37] 2
France (SNEP)[34] 3
Germany (Media Control AG)[45] 5
Hungary (Rádiós Top 40)[41] 4
Ireland (IRMA)[42] 4
Italy (FIMI)[84] 14
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[48] 10
New Zealand (RIANZ)[85] 1
Norway (VG-lista)[38] 3
Slovakia (IFPI)[46] 7
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[49] 10
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[43] 4
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[44] 4
UK Singles (The Official Charts Company)[86] 3
US Billboard Hot 100[87] 1
US Hot Dance Club Songs (Billboard)[88] 1
US Pop Songs (Billboard)[26] 1


Country Certification
Australia Platinum[89]
Belgium Gold[90]
Denmark Platinum[91]
New Zealand Platinum[92]
Spain Gold[93]
Sweden Gold[94]
United Kingdom Silver[95]
United States 3× Platinum[27]

Year-end charts

Chart (2008) Position
Australian Singles Chart[96] 22
Austrian Singles Chart[97] 45
Belgian Singles Chart (Flanders)[98] 23
Belgian Singles Chart (Wallonia)[99] 71
Canadian Hot 100[100] 8
Dutch Top 40[101] 38
European Hot 100 Singles[102] 17
French Singles Chart[103] 49
Irish Singles Chart[104] 18
New Zealand Singles Chart[105] 21
Swedish Singles Chart[106] 36
Swiss Singles Chart[107] 21
UK Singles Chart[108] 18
Charts (2009) Position
Swiss Singles Chart[109] 74
US Billboard Hot 100[110] 77

Decade-end charts

Chart (2000–09) Position
US Billboard Hot 100 Best of the 2000s[111] 64

Chart precession and succession

Order of precedence
Preceded by
"I Kissed a Girl" by Katy Perry
New Zealand Singles Chart number-one single
August 18, 2008 – September 1, 2008
Succeeded by
"So What" by Pink
US Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
August 23, 2008 – August 30, 2008
Succeeded by
"Whatever You Like" by T.I.
Preceded by
"Closer" by Ne-Yo
US Hot Dance Club Songs number-one single
September 13, 2008
Succeeded by
"Control Yourself" by Erin Hamilton
Preceded by
"Forever" by Chris Brown
US Pop Songs number-one single
October 4, 2008 – October 25, 2008
Succeeded by
"So What" by Pink
Preceded by
"I Kissed a Girl" by Katy Perry
Belgian Singles Chart (Flanders) number-one single
October 11, 2008 – October 18, 2008
Succeeded by
"I Kissed a Girl" by Katy Perry

Radio and release history

Region Date Format Label
United States[112] June 17, 2008 Mainstream airplay The Island Def Jam Music Group
June 24, 2008 Rhythmic airplay
United Kingdom[82] July 22, 2008 CD single Mercury Records
United States[113] August 5, 2008 Digital remixes The Island Def Jam Music Group
United Kingdom[80]
Australia[114] September 26, 2008 Digital download
France[81] EP
Germany[117] Digital download
New Zealand[121]
Germany[127] October 3, 2008 CD single Universal Music

See also


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  2. ^ a b c d e f Fletcher, Alex (2008-09-24). "Rihanna: 'Disturbia'". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi Ltd. http://www.digitalspy.com/music/singlesreviews/a127444/rihanna-disturbia.html. Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  3. ^ "ASCAP ACE Search Results: Disturbia". The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. http://www.ascap.com/ace/search.cfm?requesttimeout=300&mode=results&searchstr=342914538&search_in=i&search_type=exact&search_det=t,s,w,p,b,v&results_pp=10&start=1. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  4. ^ a b c Lamb, Bill (2008-11-12). "Review of Rihanna's "Disturbia"". About.com. New York Times Company. http://top40.about.com/od/singles/gr/rihanndisturbia.htm. Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  5. ^ a b Fekadu, Mesfin (2008-08-14). "Chris Brown upset over leak of unfinished song". USA Today. Gannett Company, Inc. http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/news/2008-08-14-chris-brown_N.htm. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 
  6. ^ a b (2008) Album notes for Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded by Rihanna [inlay cover]. The Island Def Jam Music Group (6-009143-327931).
  7. ^ Levine, Nick (2008-06-18). "Music - Album Review - Rihanna: 'Good Girl Gone Bad Reloaded'". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi Ltd. http://www.digitalspy.com/music/albumreviews/a98660/rihanna-good-girl-gone-bad-reloaded.html. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  8. ^ "Rihanna - Disturbia - Lyrics Meaning". FAQS. http://www.faqs.org/lyrics/Rihanna-Disturbia.html. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  9. ^ "Single review: Rihanna - Disturbia". BBC News. BBC. 2008-12-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_7640000/newsid_7646200/7646215.stm. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  10. ^ a b Reed, Shaheem (2009-02-11). "L.A. Reid Says He's 'Loaded' With Music For Rihanna's Next Album". MTV. Viacom. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1604904/20090211/rihanna.jhtml. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  11. ^ a b c d McAlpine, Fraser (2008-08-15). "Rihanna - 'Disturbia'". BBC Music. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/chartblog/2008/08/rihanna_disturbia.shtml. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 
  12. ^ "Digital Sheet Music – Rihanna – 'Disturbia'". Musicnotes.com. Sony/ATV Music Publishing. http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0072625. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  13. ^ a b D., Spence. "Rihanna - Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded - Music Review". IGN. News Corporation. http://music.ign.com/articles/882/882390p1.html. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 
  14. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (2008-08-27). "The Songs of Summer 2008: Rihanna - 'Disturbia'". Time (Time Inc). http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1834301_1834300_1834284,00.html. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  15. ^ Lamb, Bill. "Top 10 Rihanna Songs - Rihanna's Best Hit Songs". About.com. New York Times Company. http://top40.about.com/od/top10lists/tp/rihannatop10songs.htm. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 
  16. ^ Lamb, Bill. "Top 10 Auto-Tune Songs - The Best Uses of Auto-Tune in Pop Music". About.com. New York Times Company. http://top40.about.com/od/top10lists/tp/top10autotune.htm. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  17. ^ "Songs of the Summer 1986-2009". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). 2010-07-01. http://www.billboard.com/features/summer-music-central-1004102398.story#/features/summer-songs-1985-2009-1004102397.story?page=3. Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  18. ^ "Time Magazine's '10 Best Songs of the Summer". Rap-Up. Devine Lazerine. 2008-08-25. http://www.rap-up.com/2008/08/25/time-magazines-10-best-songs-of-summer/#more-7761. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  19. ^ "Critics' Picks: Caryn Ganz's Top Albums and Singles of 2008". Rolling Stone (Wenner Media). 2008-12-29. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/blogs/staff-blog/critics-picks-caryn-ganzs-top-albums-and-singles-of-2008-20081229. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 
  20. ^ Daily Mail Reporter (2009-01-18). "Katy Perry lights up the NRJ Awards in a white suit... but is left red-faced after picking up Rihanna's award". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers Ltd). http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-1120922/Katy-Perry-lights-NRJ-Awards-white-suit--left-red-faced-picking-Rihannas-award.html. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
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