infobox UK place
country = Scotland
population = 8500 (approx.)
constituency_westminster= Orkney and Shetland
postcode_district = KW15
Kirkwall is the largest town and capital of the
Orkney Islands, off the coast of northern mainland Scotland. The town is first mentioned in the Orkneyinga sagain the year 1046. It was established as the settlement of Rögnvald II, Earl of Orkney, who was killed by his successor, Thorfinn. In 1486King James III of Scotlandelevated Kirkwall to the status of a royal burgh; road signs still indicate 'The City and Royal Burgh of Kirkwall'.
The name Kirkwall is derived from the Norse name "Kirkjuvagr" ("Church Bay"). This was later corrupted to "Kirkvoe" and then "Kirkwaa". English cartographers mistook the latter part "waa" as the Scots "wa" meaning "wall", hence the town became "Kirkwall".
Situated on the northern coast of
Mainland Orkneyand with a population of about 8,500, Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeenand Lerwick, as well as the principal north islands in the group. At the heart of the town stands St Magnus Cathedral. It was founded in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney 1108- 1117by Earl (later saint) Rögnvald Kali. Next to the Cathedral are the ruins of the former Bishop's Palace and Earl's Palace. The town has two museums: Tankerness House Museum, which is contained within one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth century town-houses, contains items of local historical interest. The prehistoric, Pictish and Vikingcollections are of international importance. The other museum is the Orkney Wireless Museum, dealing with the history of radio and recorded sound.
Apart from the main historical buildings, mentioned above, Kirkwall has many 17th-18th century houses and other structures in the local vernacular style. The '
Kirk' of Kirkwall was not the Cathedral (which was originally at Birsay), but the 11th century church of St. Olafof Norway. One late medieval doorway survives from this church. An aumbry from the original church survives within the late 19th Century structure of the present-day St. Olaf's Church (Episcopal) in the town's Dundas Crescent. Kirkwall also once had a medieval castle (destroyed in the 17th century).
On the west edge of the town, surrounded by Hatston Industrial Estate, is a prehistoric ancient monument,
Grain Earth House( Historic Scotland), a short low stone-walled passage deep underground leading to a small pillared chamber. This is the form of earth house or souterraincharacteristic of the Northern Isles(though Grain is unusually deep below ground). It was originally connected to a surface dwelling which has since disappeared. The original purpose of these Iron Agestructures is unknown. Key for the monument from OrtakVisitor Centre and Factory.
One of the main annual events in the town is the Ba Game, held each
Christmas Dayand New Year's Daybetween the Uppies and the Doonies; each team representing one half of the town.
Kirkwall also has the most northerly of the world's
Carnegie libraries, which was opened by Andrew Carnegieand his wife in 1909. The building suvives although, the library itself has since moved to a larger building on Junction Road.
Kirkwall was a
parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Tain and Wick in the Northern Burghs constituencyof the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britainfrom 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdomfrom 1801 to 1918. Cromartywas added to the list in 1832.
The constituency was a
district of burghsknown also as Tain Burghs until 1832, and then as Wick Burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament. In 1918 the constituency was abolished and the Kirkwall component was merged into the county constituencyof Orkney and Shetland.
* [http://www.orkneyjar.com/orkney/kirkwall/index.html Orkneyjar - The Royal Burgh of Kirkwall]
* [http://www.orkneycommunities.co.uk/imagelibrary/results.asp?Start=0&Offset=20&searchterm=kirkwall Kirkwall pictures from www.orkneycommunities.co.uk]
* [http://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/kirkwall/kirkwall/index.html Undiscovered Scotland illustrated feature on Kirkwall]
* [http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/dialects/nis.html Listen to recordings of a speaker of Kirkwall Scots]
* [http://www.virtualorkney.com/ Virtual Orkney: A directory of Orkney]
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Kirkwall — Koordinaten 58° 59′ N, 2° 57′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kirkwall — • A parish, also a royal and parliamentary burgh and chief or county town of Orkney, in the north of Scotland Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Kirkwall Kirkwall … Catholic encyclopedia
Kirkwall — es el pueblo más grande y la capital de las Islas Órcadas, en Escocia. El nombre La primera vez que fue mencionada Kirkwall, fue en la obra histórica saga Orkneyinga en 1046. El nombre viene del nórdico Kirkjuvagr («la bahía de la iglesia»). Este … Wikipedia Español
Kirkwall — (spr. körk ūaol), Stadt (royal burgh) auf der Orkadeninsel Pomona, an einer tiefen Bai, mit der berühmten Kathedrale von St. Magnus, 1137 gestiftet und der Kirche von Drontheim in Norwegen ähnlich, Ruinen eines alten bischöflichen Palastes, gutem … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Kirkwall — [ kəːkwɔːl], Hauptstadt der Orkneyinseln (Orkney Islands Area), Schottland, auf Mainland, 7 000 Einwohner; Handelshafen, Bootsbau, Whiskyherstellung; Versorgungszentrum für die Nordseeölfelder. Stadtbild: Ehemalige … Universal-Lexikon
Kirkwall — Kirkwall, Stadt an der Nordostküste der Orkneyinsel Mainland; Kathedrale, guter Hafen mit Castell, Strohflechterei, Weberei; 3100 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Kirkwall — (spr. körkwahl), Hauptstadt der schott. Orkney Inseln, auf Mainland, (1901) 3660 E., Hafen … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Kirkwall — 58° 58′ 52″ N 2° 57′ 36″ W / 58.981, 2.96 … Wikipédia en Français
Kirkwall — /kerrk wawl , weuhl/, n. a town on Pomona island, NE of Scotland in the Orkney Islands: administrative center of the Orkney Islands. 4618. * * * Royal burgh and chief town (pop., 1995 est.: 7,000), Orkney Islands, Scotland. Located on Pomona… … Universalium
Kirkwall — Original name in latin Kirkwall Name in other language Bagh na h Eaglaise, Bgh na h Eaglaise, Ciricewael, Ciricewl, KOI, Kerkgouol, Kerkuoll, Kerkvolas, Kerkvoll, Kirkwaa, Kirkwall, kakuuKirkwalloru, ke ke wo er, keokeuwol, qyrqwwl, Керкволл,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database