Alexander II of Epirus


Alexander II of Epirus

Infobox Monarch
name = Alexander II
title = King of Epirus


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reign = 272 BC - ?
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predecessor = Pyrrhus of Epirus
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father = Pyrrhus of Epirus
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date of death = 242 BC
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Alexander II was a king of Epirus, and the son of Pyrrhus and Lanassa, the daughter of the Sicilian tyrant Agathocles.cite encyclopedia | last = Mason | first = Charles Peter | authorlink = | title = Alexander | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology | volume = 1 | pages = 116 | publisher = Little, Brown and Company | location = Boston | year = 1867 | url = http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moa;cc=moa;idno=acl3129.0001.001;size=l;frm=frameset;seq=131;page=root;view=image]

Reign

He succeeded his father as king in 272 BC, and continued the war which his father had begun with Antigonus II Gonatas, whom he succeeded in driving from the kingdom of Macedon. He was, however, dispossessed of both Macedon and Epirus by Demetrius II of Macedon, the son of Antigonus; upon which he took refuge amongst the Acarnanians. By their assistance and that of his own subjects, who entertained a great attachment for him, he recovered Epirus. It appears that he was in alliance with the Aetolians. He married his sister Olympias, by whom he had two sons, Pyrrhus and Ptolemaeus, and a daughter, Phthia. On the death of Alexander, around 242 BC, Olympias assumed the regency on behalf of her sons, and married Phthia to Demetrius. ["Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology", by Joseph Thomas - 1908 - page 90] There are extant silver and copper coins of this king. The former bear a youthful head covered with the skin of an elephant's head. The reverse represents Pallas holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other, and before her stands an eagle on a thunderbolt. [Justin, xvii. 1, xxvi. 2, 3, xxviii. 1] [Polybius, ii. 45, ix. 34] [Plutarch, "Pyrrhus" 9]

Relations with India

Alexander is apparently mentioned in the Edicts of Ashoka, as one of the recipients of the Indian Emperor Ashoka's Buddhist proselytism, although no Western historical record of this event remains. ["The conquest by Dharma has been won here, on the borders, and even six hundred yojanas (5,400-9,600 km) away, where the Greek king Antiochos rules, beyond there where the four kings named Ptolemy, Antigonos, Magas and Alexander rule, likewise in the south among the Cholas, the Pandyas, and as far as Tamraparni (Sri Lanka)." (Edicts of Ashoka, 13th Rock Edict, S. Dhammika).]

References

ources

*Connop Thirlwall, "History of Greece," vol. viii
*Johann Gustav Droysen, "Hellenismus"
*Benediktus Niese, "Geschichte der griechischen und makedonischen Staaten"
*Karl Julius Beloch, "Griechische Geschichte" vol. iii.
*1911


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