William Smith (lexicographer)

Sir William Smith (1813 – 1893), English lexicographer, was born at EnfieldFact|date=May 2007 in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. He was originally destined for a theological career, but instead was articled to a solicitor. In his spare time he taught himself classics, and when he entered University College London he carried off both the Greek and Latin prizes. He was entered at Gray's Inn in 1830, but gave up his legal studies for a post at University College School, and began to write on classical subjects.

He next turned his attention to practical lexicography. His first attempt was the "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities", which appeared in 1842. The greater part of this was written by him. In 1849 followed the "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology", and the "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography" in 1857. In this work some of the leading scholars of the day were associated with him. In 1850 he published the first of the school dictionaries; and in 1853 he began the "Principia" series, which marked a distinct step in the school teaching of Greek and Latin. Then came the "Students' Manuals of History and Literature", in which the Greek history was the editor's own work. In carrying out this task Smith was most ably seconded by John Murray, the publisher, who, when the original publishers of the dictionaries got into difficulties, volunteered to take a share in the undertaking. The most important, perhaps, of the books edited by Smith were those that dealt with ecclesiastical subjects. These were the "Dictionary of the Bible" (1860–1865); the "Dictionary of Christian Antiquities" (1875-1880), undertaken in collaboration with Archdeacon Samuel Cheetham; and the "Dictionary of Christian Biography" (1877–1887), jointly with Dr. Henry Wace. "The Atlas", on which Sir George Grove collaborated, appeared in 1875. From 1853 to 1869 Smith was classical examiner to the University of London, and on his retirement he became a member of the Senate. He sat on the Committee to inquire into questions of copyright, and was for several years registrar of the Royal Literary Fund. He edited Gibbon, with Guizot's and Milman's notes, in 1854–1855. In 1867, he became editor of the "Quarterly Review", which he directed with marked success until his death; his remarkable memory and accuracy, as well as his tact and courtesy, specially fitting him for such a post. He was DCL of Oxford and Dublin, and the honour of knighthood was conferred on him the year before his death (7 October 1893). He was survived by his wife and brother.

ee also

*Gymnopédie

References

*1911

External links

*gutenberg author| id=Smith+William+Sir | name=William Smith
*On-line version of [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/home*.html A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities] (1875 edition)
* [http://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/history-of-ancient-greece.asp A Short History of Ancient Greece] with notes, study links and illustration by Elpenor
* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio Online facsimile version of " Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology" (1870 edition)]
* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-dgra Online facsimile version of "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities" (1870 edition)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Smith — All people who go by Bill, Billy, Willie, William, Will Smith, or any other variation are listed on this page. For the college in Geneva, New York, William Smith College.People* Bill Smith (Edmonton mayor) (born 1935) * Bill Smith (Red Green Show …   Wikipedia

  • Smith's Bible Dictionary — is a 19th century Bible dictionary containing upwards of four thousand entries. This dictionary is named after its editor, William Smith, a noted English lexicographer and classical scholar.The original dictionary was published as a three volume… …   Wikipedia

  • William Alexander — may refer to:* William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling (c.1570 1640), British colonial organizer * William Alexander (the younger) (c.1602 1638), founder of the colony at Port Royal; son of the 1st Earl of Stirling * William Alexander (American… …   Wikipedia

  • William Allen Neilson — (1869 1946) was a Scottish American educator, writer and lexicographer. He was president of Smith College between 1917 and 1939.He was born in Doune, Scotland. He taught at Bryn Mawr College from 1898 to 1900, Harvard from 1900 to 1904, Columbia… …   Wikipedia

  • Smith, Sir William — (1813 1893)    Lexicographer, ed. at Univ. Coll., London, was a contributor to the Penny Magazine and compiled or ed. many useful works of reference, including Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1842), and dictionaries of the Bible, of… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Agathon (disambiguation) — The name Agathon (Gr. polytonic|Ἀγάθων) can refer to several people:Classical antiquity*Agathon, an Athenian tragic poet of the 5th century BC *Agathon, son of the Macedonian Philotas, and the brother of Parmenion and Asander, was given as a… …   Wikipedia

  • Смит, Уильям (лексикограф) — В Википедии есть статьи о других людях с такой фамилией, см. Смит. В Википедии есть статьи о других людях с именем Смит, Уильям. Уильям Смит англ. William Smith …   Википедия

  • Eunicus — (Ancient Greek: polytonic|Εὔνικος) is the name of two different people in Classical history:*Eunicus, an Athenian comic poet of the Old Comedy, contemporary with Aristophanes and Philyllius. Only one line of his is preserved, from his play Anteia …   Wikipedia

  • Lycurgus of Athens — Lycurgus (in Greek Λυκοῦργος; 396 ndash;323 BC), an Attic orator, was born at Athens about 396 BC, and was the son of Lycophron, who belonged to the noble family of the Eteobutadae.Pseudo Plutarch, Moralia , Lives of the Ten Orators , [http://www …   Wikipedia

  • Perseus of Macedon — Perseus (Greek Περσεύς ) (ca. 212 BC 166 BC) was the last king ( Basileus ) of the Antigonid dynasty, who ruled the successor state in Macedon created upon the death of Alexander the Great. He also has the distinction of being the last of the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”