Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Institute of Technology

Infobox_University
name = Georgia Institute of Technology
nickname = Yellow Jackets, Ramblin' Wreck



motto = "Progress and Service"
established = October 13, 1885cite news| url=http://gtalumni.org/Publications/magazine/sum04/article1.html | title=A Walk Through Tech's History | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association | work = Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine Online | accessdate = 2007-01-29 ]
type = Public
Space grant
president = Gary Schuster (Interim)cite news| url=http://www.nique.net/nique/article/437 | title=Clough departs; Schuster begins interim presidency | publisher = Technique | accessdate=2008-07-01 ]
city = Atlanta
state = Georgia
country = USA
coor = coord|33|46|33|N|84|23|41|W|display=inline|type:edu
students = 19,404 cite web|url=http://www.nique.net/nique/article/612 |title=Fall 2008 enrollment climbs to historic proportions |accessdate=2008-09-20 |date=2008-09-19 |publisher=The Technique ]
undergrad = 12,966
postgrad = 6,438
faculty = 900
endowment = $1.324 billion (Institute: $276 million; Foundation: $1.047 billion) [cite web|url=http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/2006NES_Listing.pdf|title=Between 2005 and 2006 Endowment Assets|publisher=National Association of College and University Business Officers|accessdate=2007-05-04|format=PDF]
campus = Urban, 400 acres (1.61 km²)
former_names = Georgia School of Technology
mascot = Buzz, Rambling Wreck
free_label = Athletics
free = NCAA Division I. Eight men's varsity teams, seven women's. [http://ramblinwreck.collegesports.com/ Tech Athletics]
website = [http://www.gatech.edu/ www.gatech.edu]
colors = White and Old Gold color box|#ffffff color box|#CFB53B
The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, or, Tech, is a public, coeducational research university in Atlanta, Georgia in the United States. A part of the University System of Georgia, Georgia Tech also has in Savannah, Georgia; Metz, France; Athlone, Ireland; Shanghai, China; and Singapore. [cite web | title = Tech Campuses | url = http://www.gatech.edu/campuses|accessdate = 2008-04-28]

The educational institution was founded in 1885 as the Georgia School of Technology as part of Reconstruction era plans to build an industrial economy in the Southern United States. Initially it offered a degree only in mechanical engineering. By 1901 its curriculum had expanded to include electrical engineering, civil engineering, and chemical engineering. In 1948 the school changed its name in order to reflect its evolution from a trade school to a larger and more capable technical institute and research university. Today, Georgia Tech is organized into six distinct colleges containing approximately 31 departments/units, with a strong emphasis on science and technology. It is well-recognized for its programs in engineering, computing, and the sciences, though it also offers degrees in architecture, liberal arts, and management.

Georgia Tech's main campus occupies a large part of Midtown Atlanta, to the north bordered by 10th Street and to the south bordered by North Avenue, placing it well in sight of the Atlanta skyline. In 1996, the campus was the site of the athletes' village and a venue for a number of athletic events for the 1996 Summer Olympics. Whereas previously, the midtown location placed Georgia Tech students in the middle of one of the highest metropolitan crime-rate areas in America, the construction of the Olympic village along with subsequent gentrification of the surrounding areas greatly increased public safety.cite paper | title=Analysis of the 1996 Summer Games on Real Estate Markets in Atlanta | author=Susan Simmons | date=2000 |publisher = MIT Center for Real Estate | url = http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/32197/48528237.pdf ]

Student athletics, both organized and intramural, are in important part of student and alumni life. The school's intercollegiate competitive sports teams, aka the Yellow Jackets, as well as the nationally recognized fight song "Ramblin%27 Wreck from Georgia Tech", have helped keep Georgia Tech in the national spotlight.

History

Establishment

The idea of Georgia Institute of Technology was introduced in 1865 during the Reconstruction period. Two former Confederate officers, Major John Fletcher Hanson and Nathaniel Edwin Harris, who had become prominent citizens in the town of Macon, Georgia after the war, strongly believed that the South needed to improve its technology to compete with the industrial revolution that was occurring throughout the North.cite web | title = The Hopkins Administration, 1888-1895 | work = "A Thousand Wheels are set in Motion": The Building of Georgia Tech at the Turn of the 20th Century, 1888-1908 | publisher = Georgia Institute of Technology | url = http://www.library.gatech.edu/gtbuildings/hopkins.htm | accessdate = 2006-12-30 ] cite web|url=http://files.asme.org/ASMEORG/Communities/History/Landmarks/1293.pdf|title=The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering|publisher=The American Society of Mechanical Engineers|accessdate=2007-04-22|format=PDF] Many Southerners at this time agreed with this idea. However, because the American South of that era was mainly populated by agricultural workers and few technical developments were occurring, a technology school was needed.

In 1882, prominent Georgians, authorized by the Georgia State Legislature and led by Harris, formed a committee and visited the Northeast to see firsthand how technology schools worked. Using examples from the Worcester County Free Institute of Industrial Science (now Worcester Polytechnic Institute) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Atlanta technology school began development on the Worcester Free Institute model, which stressed a combination of "theory and practice," the "practice" component including student employment and production of consumer items to generate revenue for the school.cite journal | last = Brittain | first = James E. | coauthors = Robert C. McMath, Jr. | title = Engineers and the New South Creed: The Formation and Early Development of Georgia Tech | journal = Technology and Culture | volume = 18 | issue = 2 | pages = 175–201 | publisher = Johns Hopkins University Press | year = 1977 | month = April | doi = 10.2307/3103955 ]

On October 13, 1885, Georgia Governor Henry D. McDaniel signed the bill to create and fund the new school.cite news| url=http://gtalumni.org/Publications/magazine/sum04/article1.html | title=A Walk Through Tech's History | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association | work = Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine Online | accessdate = 2007-01-29 ] In 1887, Atlanta pioneer Richard Peters donated four acres of his extensive land holdings to the state; this land was bounded on the south by North Avenue, and on the west by Cherry Street. He then sold five adjoining acres of land to the state for $10,000, approximately equivalent to $182,717.44 in 2006. [cite web|first=S. Morgan|last=Friedman|url=http://www.westegg.com/inflation/|title=The Inflation Calculator|accessdate=2007-03-26] This land was located near the northern city limits of Atlanta at the time of its founding, although the city has now expanded several miles beyond it. A historical marker on the large hill in Central Campus notes that the site occupied by the school's first buildings once held fortifications built to protect Atlanta during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The surrender of the city took place on the southwestern boundary of the modern Georgia Tech campus in 1864.cite web | last = Lenz | first = Richard J. | title = Surrender Marker, Fort Hood, Change of Command Marker | work = The Civil War in Georgia, An Illustrated Travelers Guide | publisher = Sherpa Guides | year = 2002 | month = November | url = http://sherpaguides.com/georgia/civil_war/atlanta/westview_area.html | accessdate = 2006-12-30 ]

Early years

The Georgia School of Technology opened its doors in the fall of 1888 with only two buildings. One building (now Tech Tower, an administrative headquarters) had classrooms to teach students; The second building featured a shop and had a foundry, forge, boiler room and engine room. It was designed specifically for students to work and produce goods to sell and fund the school. The two buildings were equal in size to show the importance of teaching both the mind and the hands; though, at the time, there was some disagreement to whether the machine shop should have been used to turn a profit.

On October 20, 1905, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Georgia Tech campus. On the steps of Tech Tower, Roosevelt presented a speech about the importance of technological education.cite web | last = Selman | first = Sean | title = Presidential Tour of Campus Not the First for the Institute | work = A Presidential Visit to Georgia Tech | publisher = Georgia Institute of Technology | date = 2002-03-27 | url = http://www.gatech.edu/presidential-visit/presidential-history.html | accessdate = 2006-12-30 ] He then shook hands with every student.cite web | title = One Hundred Years Ago Was Eventful Year at Tech | work = BuzzWords | publisher = Georgia Tech Alumni Association | date = 2005-10-01 | url = http://gtalumni.org/buzzwords/oct05/article389.html | accessdate = 2006-12-30 ]

Georgia Tech's Evening School of Commerce began holding classes in 1912.cite web| title = Tech Timeline | work = gtalumni.org | url=http://gtalumni.org/Publications/timeline/ | accessdate = 2007-03-27] The evening school admitted its first female student in 1917, although the state legislature did not officially authorize attendance by women until 1920.cite news| url=http://gtalumni.org/StayInformed/techtopics/fall97/degrees.html| title=Underground Degrees| date=Fall 1997| work=Tech Topics| publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association| accessdate=2007-03-15] Annie T. Wise became the first female graduate in 1919 and went on to become Georgia Tech's first female faculty member the following year. In 1931, the Board of Regents transferred control of the Evening School of Commerce to the University of Georgia (UGA) and moved the civil and electrical engineering courses at UGA to Tech. Tech replaced the commerce school with what later became the College of Management. The commerce school would later split from UGA and eventually become Georgia State University. [cite web|url=http://www.library.gsu.edu/spcoll/pages/pages.asp?ldID=105&guideID=549&ID=3670|title=History of Georgia State University|publisher=Georgia State University Library|date=2003-10-06|accessdate=2007-03-15]

Modern history

Founded as the Georgia School of Technology, it assumed its present name in 1948 to reflect a growing focus on advanced technological and scientific research. [cite web|url=http://www.gatech.edu/about-tech/history-traditions.html|title=Georgia Tech History & Traditions|accessdate=2007-03-16] Unlike similarly-named universities (such as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the California Institute of Technology), the Georgia Institute of Technology is a public institution.

Tech first admitted female students to regular classes in 1952,cite news
last = Terraso
first = David
title = Georgia Tech Celebrates 50 Years of Women
publisher = Georgia Institute of Technology News Room
date = 2003-03-21
url = http://www.gatech.edu/news-room/release.php?id=98
accessdate = 2006-11-13
] although women could not enroll in all programs at Tech until 1968. Industrial Engineering was the last program to open to women. The first women's dorm, Fulmer Hall, opened in 1969. Women constituted 28.6% of the undergraduates and 25.8% of the graduate students enrolled in Fall 2006. [cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/Enrollment/gender.cfm?TERM=200608&time_status=Total|title=Office of Institutional Research & Planning: Facts and Figures: Enrollment by Gender|accessdate=2007-03-16] In 1959, a meeting of 2,741 students voted by an overwhelming majority to endorse integration of qualified applicants, regardless of race.cite news|first=Pat|last=Edwards|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/1999-09-10/campus%20life/5|title=Being new to Tech was not always so easy|work=The Technique|date=1999-09-10|accessdate=2007-04-10] Three years after the meeting, and one year after the University of Georgia's violent integration, Georgia Tech became the first university in the Deep South to desegregate without a court order.cite press release
title = Georgia Tech is Nation's No. 1 Producer of African-American Engineers in the Nation
publisher = Georgia Institute of Technology
date = 2001-09-13
url = http://www.gatech.edu/news-room/archive/news_releases/40thanniversary.html
accessdate = 2006-11-13
] There was little reaction to this by Tech students; like the city of Atlanta described by former mayor William Hartsfield, they seemed "too busy to hate."

John Patrick Crecine was instrumental in securing the 1996 Summer Olympics for Atlanta. A dramatic amount of construction occurred, creating most of what is now considered "West Campus" in order for Tech to serve as the Olympic Village.cite news|url=http://gtalumni.org/news/ttopics/fall95/home0.html|title=Touring the Olympic Village|work=Tech Topics|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|date=Fall 1995|accessdate=2007-05-21] The Undergraduate Living Center, Fourth Street Apartments, Sixth Street Apartments, Eighth Street Apartments, Hemphill Apartments, and Center Street Apartments housed athletes and journalists. The Georgia Tech Aquatic Center was built for swimming events, and the Alexander Memorial Coliseum was renovated. The Institute also erected the Kessler Campanile and fountain to serve as a landmark and symbol of the Institute on television broadcasts. Since then, the Campanile has come to be known by students as "The Shaft."cite news|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2004-08-20/freshman%20survival%20guide/8|title=You certainly won’t find these in Webster’s...|work=The Technique|date=2004-08-20|accessdate=2007-05-20]

In 1994, G. Wayne Clough became the first Tech alumnus to serve as the President of the Institute; he was in office during the 1996 Summer Olympics. In 1998, he separated the Ivan Allen College of Management, Policy, and International Affairs into the Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts and returned the College of Management to "College" status (Crecine, the previous president, had demoted Management from "College" to "School" status as part of a controversial 1990 reorganization plan).cite news | last = Joshi | first = Nikhil | title = Geibelhaus lectures on controversial president | work = The Technique | date = 2006-03-10 | url = http://www.nique.net/issues/2006-03-10/focus/4 | accessdate = 2007-01-29] [cite news|first=J.R.|last=Gray|url=http://technique.library.gatech.edu/issues/winter1998/feb6/eds5.html|title=Get over headtrip, Management|work=The Technique|date=1998-02-06|accessdate=2007-05-20] His tenure has been focused on a dramatic expansion of the institute, a revamped Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP), and the creation of an International Plan. [cite news|first=Nikhil|last=Joshi|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2005-03-04/news/2|title=International plan takes root|work=The Technique|date=2005-03-04|accessdate=2007-03-16] [cite news|first=Inn Inn|last=Chen|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2005-09-23/focus/1|title=Research, International Plan Fair hits Skiles Walkway|work=The Technique|date=2005-09-23|accessdate=2007-03-16] On March 15, 2008, he was appointed to lead the Smithsonian Institution, effective July 1, 2008. [cite news|first=Robin|last=Pogrebin|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/16/us/16smithsonian.html|title=Georgia Tech President to lead Smithsonian|work=New York Times|date=2008-03-16|accessdate=2008-04-28] Dr. Gary Schuster, Tech's Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs, was named Interim President, effective July 1, 2008. [cite news|url=http://www.gatech.edu/newsroom/release.html?id=1808|title=Gary Schuster named Georgia Tech Interim President|work=Georgia Tech News Release|date=2008-04-08|accessdate=2008-04-28]

Academics

Demographics

The student body consists of 18,500 graduate and undergraduate students, and more than 900 full-time instructional faculty.cite web|url=http://www.gatech.edu/about-tech/facts-figures.php|title=Georgia Tech Facts and Figures|accessdate=2007-03-16]

Historically, female enrollment at engineering institutions has been quite low and Georgia Tech is no exception. With about twice as many male students as females, Georgia Tech has one of the most unbalanced male-to-female ratios of any co-ed university. However, this is slowly changing presumably due to the university's growing liberal arts programs as well as outreach programs to encourage more female high school students to consider careers in science and engineering, such as the "Women In Engineering" program and also sponsoring a chapter of The Society of Women Engineers. [cite web|url=http://www.coe.gatech.edu/diversity/wieabout.php|title=Women in Engineering at Georgia Tech|publisher=Georgia Tech College of Engineering|accessdate=2007-10-09] [cite web|url=http://cyberbuzz.gatech.edu/swe/|title=Society of Women Engineers at Georgia Tech|accessdate=2007-10-09] As of Spring 2007, the freshman class of 2006–2007 had a ratio of 68.8% to 31.2%.cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/Enrollment/gender.cfm?TERM=200702&time_status=Total|title=Office of Institutional Research & Planning: Facts and Figures: Enrollment by Gender|accessdate=2007-03-16] The highest freshman ratio in the past few years (counting only Fall and Spring semesters) [A slightly higher percentage of freshmen women attend during Summer. See [http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/Enrollment/gender.cfm?TERM=200702&time_status=Total Office of Institutional Research & Planning: Facts and Figures: Enrollment by Gender] for verification.] was Spring 2006, with a ratio of 70.5% to 29.5%.

Funding

The Georgia Institute of Technology is a public institution, receiving funds from the State of Georgia, tuition, fees, research grants, and alumni contributions. In 2006, the Institute's revenue amounted to approximately $879 million, with 27% of that amount from the state, and 12% from tuition and fees. [cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/factbook/?page=122|title=Financial Information: Revenue|work=Georgia Tech Fact Book|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology|accessdate=2007-09-17] Most of the remaining funds were donated by private sources, including the most generous alumni donor base, percentage-wise, of any public university ranked in the top 50.cite pressrelease|url=http://www.gatech.edu/news-room/release.php?id=1457|title=Tech Receives Highest U.S. News Ranking Ever|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology|date=2007-08-17|accessdate=2007-08-21] The Institute's expenses for 2006 were $860 million; 41% of that figure went to research, 21% to instruction, and 1% to scholarships. [cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/factbook/?page=123|title=Financial Information: Expenditures|work=Georgia Tech Fact Book|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology|accessdate=2007-09-17]

Rankings

Infobox US university ranking
USNWR_NU = 35th
USNWR_LA =
USNWR_Bus = 25th
USNWR_Law =
USNWR_Medr =
USNWR_Medc =
USNWR_Eng = 4th
USNWR_Ed =
ARWU_W =
ARWU_N =
ARWU_SCI =
ARWU_ENG =
ARWU_LIFE =
ARWU_MED =
ARWU_SOC =
Newsweek =
THES_W =
THES_N =
CMUP =
Wamo = 59th
PR_EE =
Georgia Tech is consistently ranked very well; it has remained in the top ten public universities in the United States for the last ten years. cite pressrelease | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | date=2008-08-21 | url=http://www.gatech.edu/newsroom/release.html?id=2058 | accessdate=2008-09-11 | title=Georgia Tech ranked seventh nationally among public universities for undergraduates ] In 2008, "U.S. News & World Report" ranked Tech as the No. 7 public university, and 35th among all universities. Tech also has the No. 4 undergraduate engineering program, and the No. 4 graduate engineering program. Highly ranked engineering programs include its Schools of Industrial Engineering (1st), Aerospace (2nd), Biomedical (3rd), Mechanical (4th), Electrical (5th), and Civil Engineering (5th) at the undergraduate level and Industrial Engineering (1st), Biomedical (2nd), and Aerospace (5th) at the graduate level. [cite web|url=http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/grad/rankings/eng/engindex_brief.php|title=Engineering Graduate Program Rankings|work=U.S. News & World Report|accessdate=2007-12-24] In 2007, THES - QS World University Rankings ranked Georgia Tech as the No. 8 university in technology [cite web|url=http://www.topuniversities.com/worlduniversityrankings/results/2007/subject_rankings/technology|title=THES - QS World University Rankings 2007 - Technology|work=QS Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd|accessdate=2008-01-18] and 97th in overall. [ [http://www.topuniversities.com/worlduniversityrankings/results/2007/overall_rankings/top_100_universities/ >QS Top Universities: Top 100 universities in the THE - QS World University Rankings 2007] ] "Diverse Issues in Higher Education" has ranked Tech No. 1 at the bachelor's level, No. 2 at the master's level, and No. 1 at the doctoral level in terms of producing African American engineering graduates.

Colleges

Georgia Tech's undergraduate and graduate programs are divided into six Colleges. Collaboration among the Colleges is frequent, as mandated by a number of interdisciplinary degree programs and research centers. [cite web|url=http://www.catalog.gatech.edu/students/grad/special/interdisc.php|title=2006 General Catalog: Interdisciplinary Programs|accessdate=2007-03-16] Georgia Tech has sought to strengthen its undergraduate and graduate offerings in less technical fields, primarily those under the Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts. That particular college has seen a 20% increase in admissions. [cite web|url=http://www.iac.gatech.edu/about/ar.htm|title=Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts Annual Report|accessdate=2007-03-16] Also, even in the Ivan Allen College, the Institute does not offer a Bachelor of Arts degree, only a Bachelor of Science.

Research

Georgia Tech is currently classified by The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as a university with very high research activity. [ cite web | url=http://www.carnegiefoundation.org/classifications/sub.asp?key=748&subkey=13948&start=782 | accessdate=2007-12-25 | title=Institutions: Georgia Institute of Technology | work=Carnegie Classifications | publisher=Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching ] Much of this research is funded by large corporations or governmental organizations.cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/factbook/?page=128|title=Research|work=Georgia Tech Fact Book|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology|accessdate=2007-08-11] In addition to research performed by its academic units, Georgia Tech is affiliated with a nonprofit research organization referred to as the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI).cite web|url=http://www.gtri.gatech.edu/news/ar2006/Annual_Report_2006.pdf|title=2006 GTRI Annual Report|publisher=Georgia Tech Research Institute|format=PDF|accessdate=2007-04-03] GTRI provides sponsored research in a variety of technical specialties including radar, electro-optics, and materials engineering. Forty percent of Georgia Tech's research, especially government-funded classified work, is conducted through this counterpart organization. GTRI employs over 1,300 people, conducting over $110 million in research every year.

Many startup companies are produced through research conducted at Georgia Tech, with the Advanced Technology Development Center and VentureLab ready to assist Georgia Tech's researchers and entrepreneurs in organization and commercialization. The Georgia Tech Research Corporation serves as Georgia Tech's contract and technology licensing agency. Georgia Tech is ranked fourth for startup companies, eighth in patents, and eleventh in technology transfer. [cite web|first=Ross|last=DeVol|coauthors=Armen Bedroussian, Anna Babayan, Meggy Frye, Daniela Murphy, Tomas J. Philipson, Lorna Wallace, Perry Wong, Benjamin Yeo|url=http://www.milkeninstitute.org/publications/publications.taf?function=detail&ID=576&cat=ResRep|title=Mind to Market: A Global Analysis of University Biotechnology Transfer and Commercialization|publisher=Milken Institute|date=2006-09-20] convert|1900000|sqft|m2 of space are devoted to research purposes at Georgia Tech and GTRI. An upcoming addition to that space will be Georgia Tech's Nanotechnology Research Center, scheduled for completion in Summer 2008,cite web|url=http://www.development.gatech.edu/projects/CLN/|title=Nanotechnology Research Center Building|publisher=Georgia Tech Capital Projects|accessdate=2007-03-06] at which point it will be the largest clean room in the Southeastern United States.

Georgia Tech encourages undergraduates to participate in research alongside graduate students and faculty. The Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) awards scholarships each semester to undergraduates who pursue research activities. These scholarships, called the President's Undergraduate Research Awards, take the form of student salaries or help cover travel expenses when students present their work at professional meetings. [ cite web | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | title=President’s Undergraduate Research Awards (PURA) | url=http://www.undergradresearch.gatech.edu/funding.php | accessdate=2008-02-03 ] Additionally, undergraduates may participate in research and write a thesis to earn a "Research Option" credit on their transcripts. [ cite web | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | url=http://www.undergradresearch.gatech.edu/research_option/index.php | accessdate=2008-02-03 | title=Research Option ] An undergraduate research journal, "The Tower", was established in 2007 to provide undergraduates with a venue for disseminating their research and a chance to become familiar with the academic publishing process. [ cite news | url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2007-11-30/focus/4 | accessdate=2008-01-02 | date=2007-11-30 | title=Tech's first research journal begins submission process | last=Kent | first=Julie | year=2007 | work=The Technique ]

Industry connections

Owing to its roots as a trade school, Georgia Tech maintains close ties to the industrial world. Many of these connections are made through Georgia Tech's uniquely popular and robust cooperative education and internship programs. Georgia Tech's Division of Professional Practice (DoPP), established in 1912 as the Georgia Institute of Technology Cooperative Division, cite news | url=http://www.whistle.gatech.edu/archives/07/jun/18/brief.shtml | work = The Whistle | accessdate = 2007-09-24 | date=2007-06-18 | title=Cooperative Education named to national Hall of Honor ] operates the fourth-oldest cooperative education program in the United States. cite web | title = Division of Professional Practice | url=http://www.profpractice.gatech.edu/index.php | accessdate = 2007-09-24 | publisher = Georgia Institute of Technology ] The DoPP is specifically charged with providing opportunities for students to gain real-world employment experience through four programs, each targeting a different body of students. The Undergraduate Cooperative Education Program is a five-year program in which undergraduate students alternate between semesters of formal instruction at Georgia Tech and semesters of full-time employment with their employers. The Graduate Cooperative Education Program, established in 1983, is the largest such program in the United States. [ cite web | url=http://www.gradcoop.gatech.edu/ | work=Division of Professional Practice | title=Graduate Cooperative Education Program | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | accessdate = 2007-09-24 ] It allows graduate students pursuing master's degrees or doctorates in any field to spend a maximum of two consecutive semesters working full- or part-time with employers. The Undergraduate Professional Internship Program enables undergraduate students — typically juniors or seniors — to complete a one- or two-semester internship with employers. The Work Abroad Program hosts a variety of cooperative education and internship experiences for upperclassmen and graduate students seeking international employment and cross-cultural experiences. While all four programs are voluntary, they consistently attract high numbers of students — more than 3,000 at last count. Around 1,000 businesses and organizations hire these students, who collectively earn $20 million per year.

Georgia Tech's cooperative education and internship programs have been externally recognized for their strengths. The Undergraduate Cooperative Education was recognized by "U.S. News & World Report" as one of the top 10 "Programs that Really Work" for five consecutive years. [ cite web | work = 2006 Fact Book | url = http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/factbook/?page=96 | publisher = Georgia Tech Office of Institutional Research and Planning | accessdate = 2007-09-24 | title = Academic Information: Undergraduate Cooperative Program ] "U.S. News & World Report" additionally ranked Georgia Tech's internship and cooperative education programs among 14 "Academic Programs to Look For" in 2006 and 2007. On June 4, 2007, the University of Cincinnati inducted Georgia Tech into its Cooperative Education Hall of Honor. [ cite news | url=http://www.uc.edu/propractice/2007%20Hall%20of%20Honors.htm | publisher = University of Cincinnati | work= Division of Professional Practice | title = UC Inducts 2007 Honorees into Co-op Hall of Honor | date=2007 | accessdate = 2007-09-24 ]

Student life

Georgia Tech students benefit from many Institute-sponsored or Institute-related events on campus, as well as a wide selection of cultural options in the surrounding district of Midtown Atlanta, "Atlanta's Heart of the Arts." [cite news|first=C. Jason|last=Mabry|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2003-08-22/entertainment/2|title=Bored yet? Find out what Tech and Atlanta have to offer|work=The Technique|date=2003-08-22|accessdate=2007-09-12] Just off campus, students can choose from a host of restaurant and dining choices typical of metropolitan areas, including a half-dozen in Technology Square alone. [ cite web | url=http://www.gtri.gatech.edu/visitorinfo/atlantanearby.html | publisher=Georgia Tech Research Institute | accessdate=2008-02-09 | title=Hotels and Restaurants Nearby Georgia Tech ] [ cite web | title=Tech Square Retail | url=http://www.studentcenter.gatech.edu/tech_square_retail.htm | accessdate=2008-02-09 | publisher=Georgia Tech Student Center ] Home Park, a neighborhood that borders the north end of campus, is a popular living area for Tech students and recent graduates, [cite news|first=Aghigh|last=Ebrahimi|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/1999-09-10/campus%20life/8|title=Home Park provides close alternative|work=The Technique|date=1999-09-10|accessdate=2007-04-10] and a number of parties and barbecues are hosted by the neighborhood's residents. [cite news|first=Hemanth Rao|last=Meka|url=http://technique.library.gatech.edu/issues/winter1998/feb27/campuslife4.html|title=Home Park Festival seeks to entertain neighbors, help kids|work=The Technique|date=1998-02-27|accessdate=2007-05-20]

Recreation and stress

A number of extracurricular activities are available to students, including over 350 student organizations overseen by the Office of Student Involvement. [ cite web | url=http://www.catalog.gatech.edu/students/life/general.php | accessdate=2008-02-09 | title=Student Organizations | work=GT Catalog 2007-2008 | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | quote=Georgia Tech has more than 350 chartered student organizations that offer a variety of activities for student involvement. ] The Student Government Association (SGA), Georgia Tech's form of student government, comprising separate executive, legislative, and judicial branches for undergraduate and graduate students. [ cite web | title=Georgia Tech Student Government Association | url=http://www.sga.gatech.edu/ | accessdate=2008-02-09 | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology ] One of the SGA's primary duties is the disbursement of funds to student organizations in need of financial assistance. These funds are derived from the student activity fee that all Georgia Tech students must pay, currently $118 per semester. The ANAK Society, a secret society and honor society established at Georgia Tech in 1908, claims responsibility for founding many of Georgia Tech's earliest traditions and oldest student organizations, including the SGA. cite news | work=The Technique | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | title=Ramblins | last=Edwards | first=Pat | url=http://technique.library.gatech.edu/issues/spring1997/apr18/campus7-s.html | accessdate=2007-12-21 | date=1997-04-18 ] Nearly 50 fraternities and sororities are active on Georgia Tech's campus, and about a third of Tech undergraduates participate in one of them. [ cite web | publisher="U.S. News & World Report" | work=America's Best Colleges 2008 | title=Greek Life | url=http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/drextras_1569_brief.php | year=2008 | accessdate=2008-02-09 ]

Despite these offerings, Georgia Tech carries a strong reputation for being more of a test of spirit than an enjoyable life experience. In 2001, "The Princeton Review" placed Tech among the 10 toughest colleges and universities in the United States [ cite web | year=2002 | date=2002-01-01 | url=http://gtalumni.org/buzzwords/pastissues/jan02/article8.html | accessdate=2008-02-09 | title=Princeton Review says Georgia Tech is One of the Toughest | work=BuzzWords | publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association | quote=It's not news to students or graduates, but the Princeton Review confirms that Georgia Tech is one of the nation's toughest schools. ] and later reported that Tech's heavy workload led to "overly stressed" students with "minimal time for social functions." [ cite book | title=The Best Southeastern Colleges: 100 Great Schools to Consider | year=2003 | id=ISBN 0375763295 | publisher=The Princeton Review | quote=Because of the heavy workload at Georgia Tech, most students are 'overly stressed, worried about tomorrow's test, and driven by the desire for the degree. This student has only minimal time for social functions.' ] In 2002, the "Review" ranked Tech No. 2 on its list of colleges and universities with the "least happy students," [ cite news | work=The Technique | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | year=2002 | date=2002-08-30 | title=Princeton Review ranks Tech unhappy | last=Haynes | first=Derek ] prompting Institute officials to publish a report the following year responding to the negative publicity. The report criticized the "Review" for the lack of scientific rigor in its methods and referred to data from internal opinion surveys demonstrating increased student satisfaction in several areas. [ cite web | title=Just the Facts: Negative Publicity Perception at Georgia Tech | last=Gordon | first=Jonathan | year=2003 | publisher=Georgia Tech Office of Assessment | accessdate=2008-02-09 | url=http://www.assessment.gatech.edu/eReports/Negative_Publicity_at_Georgia_Techfinal4.pdf ] Among students, it is widely believed that a sacrifice of sleep, studying, or a social life defines "the Tech lifestyle". [ cite news | work=The Technique | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | quote=The famous comment about the Tech lifestyle is that you can only choose any two pursuits among sleeping, studying and a social life. | url=http://www.nique.net/nique/article/405 | accessdate=2008-06-09 | date=2008-05-23 | title=Absence of failure may be the key to real happiness | last=Kantor | first=Arcadiy ] For these reasons, students commonly refer to graduation from Tech simply as "getting out".

Housing

Georgia Tech Housing is generally split into two parts, East Campus and West Campus. East Campus is almost entirely populated by freshmen and is served by Brittain Dining Hall. West Campus houses some freshmen, transfer, and returning students, and is served by Woodruff Dining Hall.

The Institute's administration has implemented programs to reduce the levels of stress and anxiety felt by Tech students. The Familiarization and Adaptation to the Surroundings and Environs of Tech (FASET) Orientation and Freshman Experience (a freshman-only dorm life program to "encourage friendships and a feeling of social involvement") programs, which seek to help acclimate new students to their surroundings and foster a greater sense of community. [ cite web | url=http://www.faset.gatech.edu/ | title=FASET Orientation | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | accessdate=2008-02-09 ] [cite web|url=http://www.freshmanexperience.gatech.edu/|title=Georgia Tech Freshman Experience|accessdate=2007-03-21|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology ] As a result, the Institute's retention rates have improved. [cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/Retention%20Study/FTF.pdf|title=Annual First-Time Freshmen Retention Study|publisher=Georgia Tech Office of Institutional Research and Planning|date=Fall 2006|accessdate=2007-09-11|format=PDF]

In recent years, Georgia Tech Housing has been at or over capacity. [cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/factbook/?page=105|title=Student Related Information: Housing|work=Georgia Tech Fact Book|publisher=Georgia Tech Institute Research and Planning|accessdate=2008-06-04] In Fall 2006, many dorms housed "triples", which was a project that put three residents into a two-person room. Certain pieces of furniture were not provided to the third resident as to accommodate a third bed. When spaces became available in other parts of campus, the third resident was moved elsewhere. [cite news|first=James|last=Stephenson|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2006-08-25/news/2|title=Housing moves 150 dorm rooms to triples|work=The Technique|date=2006-08-25|accessdate=2007-06-10] [cite news|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2006-08-25/opinions/1|title=Our Views Consensus Opinion: Three is a crowd|work=The Technique|date=2006-08-25|accessdate=2007-06-10] [cite news|first=Ranganath|last=Venkataraman|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2006-11-17/news/3|title=Students continue to live in triple dorms|work=The Technique|date=2007-11-17|accessdate=2007-06-10] [cite news|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2007-03-09/opinions/1|title=Our Views Consensus Opinion|work=The Technique|date=2007-03-09|accessdate=2007-06-10]

In the fall of 2007, the North Avenue Apartments were opened to Tech students. Originally belonging to Georgia State University, the buildings were gifted to Georgia Tech and have been used to accommodate Tech's expanding population. The North Avenue Apartments are also noted as the first Georgia Tech buildings to rise above the top of Tech Tower. Open to second-year undergraduate students and above, the buildings are located on East Campus, across North Avenue and near Bobby Dodd Stadium. cite news | work=The Technique | publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology | url=http://dev.nique.gatech.edu/issues/2007-03-09/news/1 | accessdate=2008-06-14 | date=2007-03-09 | title=Tech acquires Ga. State dorms | first=Craig | last=Tabita ]

Traditions

Tech has a number of legends and traditions, some of which have persisted for decades. Some are well-known; for example, the most notable of these is the popular but rare tradition of stealing the 'T' from Tech Tower. Tech Tower, Tech's historic primary administrative building, has the letters TECH hanging atop it on each of its four sides. A number of times, students have orchestrated complex plans to steal the huge symbolic letter T, and on occasion have carried this act out successfully. The latest instance of this tradition occurred in October 2005, when a replica of the T was stolen from the Student Services Building and returned two days later. [cite news
url=http://nique.net/issues/2005-10-07/news/1
title = Replica Tech Tower 'T' stolen from Student Services Building
lastname = Joshi
firstname = Nikhil
publisher = The Technique
date = October 7, 2005 | accessdate = 2006-12-19
] One of the cherished holdovers from Tech's early years, a steam whistle blows five minutes before the hour, every hour from 7:55 a.m. to 5:55 p.m. cite news | url = http://www.nique.net/issues/2002-08-23/focus/13 | title = Freshman Survival: You certainly won’t find these in Webster’s... | work = The Technique | date = 2002-08-23 |accessdate = 2007-02-01 ] It is for that reason that the faculty newspaper is named "The Whistle".

Georgia Tech holds a heated, long and ongoing rivalry with the University of Georgia, known as Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate. The first known hostilities between the two institutions trace back to 1891. The University of Georgia's literary magazine proclaimed UGA's colors to be "old gold, black, and crimson." Dr. Charles H. Herty, the first UGA football coach, felt that old gold was too similar to yellow and that it "symbolized cowardice." After the 1893 football game against Tech, Herty removed old gold as an official color.cite web | title = College football tradition - Official school colors | url = http://www.1122productions.com/tradition/colors/ | accessdate = 2007-03-16 ] Tech would first use old gold for their uniforms, as a proverbial slap in the face to UGA, in their first unofficial football game against Auburn in 1891.cite web|url=http://ramblinwreck.cstv.com/trads/geot-trads.html|title=Georgia Tech traditions|work=RamblinWreck.com|publisher=Georgia Tech Athletic Association|accessdate=2007-03-12] Georgia Tech's school colors would henceforth be old gold and white.

Arts

Founded in 1906, the Glee Club was one of the first student organizations on campus, and still operates today. [cite web|url=http://www.mensgleeclub.gatech.edu/About.html|title=About the Glee Club|publisher=Georgia Tech Glee Club|accessdate=2007-11-08] cite news|first=Rusty|last=Johnson|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2000-02-25/campus%20life/1|title=Campus music programs have storied history|work=The Technique|date=2000-02-25|accessdate=2007-03-17] The Glee Club was among the first collegiate choral groups to release a recording of their songs. The group has toured extensively and appeared on "The Ed Sullivan Show" twice, providing worldwide exposure to "Ramblin' Wreck from Georgia Tech."cite news|url=http://gtalumni.org/news/ttopics/spr06/article1.html|title=Century of Singing|work=Tech Topics|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|date=Spring 2006|accessdate=2007-06-07] Since its inception, the all-male Glee Club has split to form the Chorale and Chamber Choir, both mixed groups.

The Georgia Tech Athletic Bands play a noticeable part for school spirit and athletic support. [cite web|url=http://www.coa.gatech.edu/music/inensembles/athletic.htm|title=Georgia Tech Athletic Bands|publisher=Georgia Tech College of Architecture|accessdate=2007-10-09] It was founded in 1908 by 14 Students and Robert "Biddy" Bidez. The Marching Band consistently fields over 300 members and even invites students from other Atlanta universities who do not have football programs (Georgia State, Emory, Agnes Scott, Kennesaw State, etc) to participate. Members of the marching band travel to every football game. Since its inception in 1996, the [http://harmony.gatech.edu/orchestra/ Georgia Tech Symphony Orchestra] has grown from a dozen interested students into an 80+ member ensemble. It is now one of the largest performance groups on campus.

In 1963, the Music Department, under the leadership of Ben Logan Sisk, was created within Tech's General College. In 1976 the Music department was assigned to the College of Sciences & Liberal Studies, and in 1991 was relocated to its current home in the College of Architecture. Under the Couch is a live music venue located beneath the Couch Building on West Campus. It is run by the Musician's Network.

Georgia Tech also has a growing music scene, including the growing student-led a cappella groups on campus: Nothin' but Treble, [cite web|url=http://www.nothinbuttreble.com/|title=Nothin' but Treble|accessdate=2007-10-09] Sympathetic Vibrations, [cite web|url=http://www.sympvibes.com/|title=Sympathetic Vibrations|accessdate=2007-10-09] Infinite Harmony, [cite web|url=http://www.gtinfiniteharmony.com/|title=Infinite Harmony|accessdate=2007-10-09] and Unbounded.

Many music, theatre, dance, and opera performances are held in the Ferst Center for the Arts. [cite web|url=http://www.ferstcenter.gatech.edu/pages/about/|title=About Us|publisher=Ferst Center for the Arts|accessdate=2007-08-23] DramaTech is the campus' student-run theater. The theater has been entertaining Georgia Tech and the surrounding community since 1947. They are also home to Let's Try This! (the campus improv troupe) and VarietyTech (a song and dance troupe). Momocon is an annual anime/gaming/comics convention held on campus in March hosted by Anime O-Tekku, the Georgia Tech anime club. It is free admission and usually held in the Student Center and Instructional Center, as well as outdoor areas.cite news|first=Andrew|last=Guyton|url=http://nique.net/issues/2007-03-30/entertainment/5|title=Third annual MomoCon draws 2,600 gaming fans|work=The Technique|date=2007-03-30|accessdate=2007-04-03]

Student media

WREK, 91.1 MHz is known as "Wreck Radio." The studio is on the second floor of the Student Center Commons. Broadcasting with 40 kW ERP, WREK is among the nation's most powerful college radio stations. WREK is currently a student operated and run radio station, but there is currently a debate (as of April 2007) as to whether or not NPR or GPB should be given control over some of the station's airtime. [cite news|first=James|last=Stephenson|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2006-11-17/news/2|title=PBA inquires about managing WREK|work=The Technique|date=2006-11-17|accessdate=2007-04-17] Many students are opposed to such a change. [cite news|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2006-11-17/opinions/1|title=Leave WREK alone|work=The Technique|date=2006-11-17|accessdate=2007-04-28]

"The Technique", also known as the "'"Nique"," is Tech's official student newspaper. It is distributed weekly during the Fall and Spring semesters (on Fridays), and biweekly during the Summer semester (with certain exceptions). It was established on November 17, 1911. "The Blueprint" is Tech's yearbook, established in 1908. Other student publications include "The North Avenue Review", Tech's "free-speech magazine," [cite web|url=http://cyberbuzz.gatech.edu/nar/|title=North Avenue Review|accessdate=2007-10-09] and "Erato", Tech's literary magazine. [cite web|url=http://www.cyberbuzz.gatech.edu/erato/index.html|title=Erato|accessdate=2007-10-09] The offices of all student publications are located in the Student Services Building.

Campus services

Georgia Tech Cable Network, or GTCN, is the college's branded cable source. The station broadcasts WREK-FM on channel 17, in addition to student-generated content and recent movies on channels 20 and 21. Most non-original programming is obtained from Dish Network. GTCN currently has 109 standard-definition channels and five high-definition channels. [cite web|url=http://www.gtcn.gatech.edu/TVGuide/channelLineup.cfm|title=Channel Lineup|publisher=Georgia Tech Cable Network|accessdate=2007-05-20]

The Office of Information Technology, or OIT, manages most of the Institute's computing resources (and some related services such as campus telephones). With the exception of a few computer labs maintained by individual colleges, OIT is responsible for most of the computing facilities on campus. Student, faculty, and staff e-mail accounts are among its services. [cite web|url=http://www.oit.gatech.edu/|title=Georgia Tech OIT|accessdate=2007-03-16]

ResNet provides free technical support to all students and guests living in Georgia Tech's on-campus housing (excluding fraternities and sororities). ResNet is responsible for network, telephone, and television service, and most support is provided by part-time student employees. [cite web|url=http://www.resnet.gatech.edu/|title=Georgia Tech ResNet|accessdate=2007-03-16] seealso|ResNet

Crime

Minor crimes around Georgia Tech are commonplace, a reflection of the Institute's densely-populated urban surroundings. The campus is patrolled by the Georgia Tech Police Department, whose Patrol Division comprises 60 officers. [ cite web | url=http://www.police.gatech.edu/patrol.htm | title=Patrol Division | publisher=Georgia Tech Police Department | accessdate=2008-02-09 ] The most common crime reported over the last few years, by a large margin, is larceny. cite web | title=Crime Statistics | publisher=Georgia Tech Police Department | accessdate=2008-02-09 | url=http://www.police.gatech.edu/crimestats.htm ] Very few violent crimes were reported. Though the crime rate in Atlanta during the late '80s and '90s was the highest in the nation,cite web |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DE3DB103DF934A15757C0A96F948260|accessdate=2008-10-11|publisher=New York Times|title=Atlanta, Used to Praise, Confronts Crime Ranking] the rate in Atlanta has been declining since the late 1960s and now ranks seventeenth. [cite web | last = | first = | title = Atlanta's violent crime at lowest level since '69 | work = The Atlanta Journal-Constitution | date = 2006-09-27 | url = http://www.ajc.com/search/content/metro/stories/2006/09/27/metcrime0927a.html | accessdate = 2006-09-29 | archiveurl= | archivedate= ] [cite web | title = Atlanta Pleased With Crime Ranking, Macon Has Doubts, Augusta Not Reported|url=http://www.nbcaugusta.com/news/local/4525746.html|accessdate=2008-10-11]

Campuses

The Georgia Tech campus is located in Midtown, an area north of downtown Atlanta. Although a number of skyscrapers — most visibly the headquarters of AT&T, The Coca-Cola Company, and Bank of America — are visible from all points on campus, the campus itself has few buildings over four stories and has a great deal of greenery. This gives it a distinctly suburban atmosphere quite different from other Atlanta campuses such as that of Georgia State University.cite web|url=http://gtalumni.org/campusmap/|title=Campus Map|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|accessdate=2007-10-18] [cite web|url=http://www.gatech.edu/vtour/|title=Tech Virtual Tour|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology|accessdate=2007-10-18]

The campus is organized into four main parts: West Campus, East Campus, Central Campus, and Technology Square. West Campus and East Campus are both occupied primarily by student living complexes, while Central Campus is reserved primarily for teaching and research buildings.

West Campus

West Campus is occupied primarily by apartments and coed undergraduate dormitories. Prominent apartments include Hemphill, Center Street, 6th Street, Maulding, Undergraduate Living Center (ULC), and Eighth Street Apartments. Prominent dorms include Freeman, Montag, Fitten, Folk, Caldwell, Armstrong, Hefner, Fulmer, and Woodruff Suites. The Campus Recreation Center (formerly the Student Athletic Complex); a volleyball court; a large, low natural green area known as the Burger Bowl; and a flat artificial green area known as the SAC Fields are all located on the western side of the campus. Also within easy walking distance of West Campus is City Cafe, which is open 24 hours, Rocky Mountain Pizza, and Engineer's Bookstore, an alternative to Georgia Tech's official bookstore. West Campus is also home to a music club operated by students called Under the Couch as well as a small diner and convenience store, West Side Market. Due to limited space, all auto travel proceeds via a network of one-way streets which connects West Campus to Ferst Drive, the main road of the campus. Woodruff Dining Hall, or "Woody's," is the West Campus Dining Hall. It connects the Woodruff North and Woodruff South undergraduate dorms.

East Campus

East Campus houses all of the fraternities and sororities as well as most of the undergraduate freshman dormitories. Although the residences are similar, East Campus is decidedly more urban than West Campus. East Campus abuts on the Downtown Connector, granting residences quick access to Midtown and its businesses (for example, The Varsity) via a number of bridges over the highway as well as a tunnel beneath it. Georgia Tech football's home, Bobby Dodd Stadium is located on East Campus, as well as Georgia Tech basketball's home Alexander Memorial Coliseum. Brittain Dining Hall is the main dining hall for East Campus. It is modeled after a medieval church, complete with carved columns and stained glass windows showing symbolic figures. The main road leading from East Campus to Central Campus is an ascending incline commonly known as "Freshman Hill" (in reference to the large number of freshman dorms near its foot) or simply "The Hill." On March 8, 2007, the former Georgia State University Village apartments were transferred to Georgia Tech. Renamed North Avenue Apartments by the institute, they began housing students in the fall semester of 2007.

Central Campus

Central Campus is home to the majority of the academic, research, and administrative buildings. The Central Campus includes, among others: the Howey Physics Building; the Boggs Chemistry Building; the College of Computing; the Klaus Advanced Computing Building; the Skiles Classroom Building, which houses the School of Mathematics and the School of Literature, Communication and Culture; the D. M. Smith Building, which houses the School of Public Policy and the School of History, Technology, and Society; and the Ford Environmental Science & Technology Building. In 2005, the School of Modern Languages returned to the Swann Building, a 100-year-old former dormitory that now houses some of the most technology-equipped classrooms on campus. Intermingled with these are a variety of research facilities, such as the Centennial Research Building, the Microelectronics Research Center, the Nanotechnology Research Center, and the Petit Biotechnology Building.

Tech's administrative buildings, such as the Student Services Building ("Flag Building"), Tech Tower, and the Bursar's Office, are also located on the Central Campus, in the recently-renovated Georgia Tech Historic District. [cite news|title=New construction on the Hill recreates historic appearance near Tech Tower|first=Neeraj|last=Kumar|work=The Technique|date=2000-09-22|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2000-09-22/news/2|accessdate=2007-03-16] The campus library, plus a small traditional eatery called Junior's Grill, as well as a large communal building for students, the Fred B. Wenn Student Center (a student union), are also located on Central Campus. The Student Center provides a variety of recreational and social functions for students including: a computer lab, a game room ("Tech Rec"), [cite web|url=http://www.foef.gatech.edu/techrec/|title=Tech Rec|work=Fun On Every Floor|publisher=Georgia Institute of Technology|accessdate=2007-08-23] the Student Post Office, a darkened Music Listening Room, a movie theater, the Food Court, plus meeting rooms for various clubs and organizations. Adjacent to the eastern entrance of the Student Center is the Kessler Campanile (which is referred to by students as "The Shaft"). The former Hightower Textile Engineering building was demolished in 2002 to create Yellow Jacket Park. More greenspace now occupies the area around the Kessler Campanile for a more aesthetically pleasing look, in accordance with the official Campus Master Plan. [cite web|url=http://www.space.gatech.edu/masterplan.htm|title=Campus Master Plan|publisher=Georgia Tech Capital Planning & Space Management|date=2004|accessdate=2007-08-22] Numerous clubs and organizations hold activities in Yellow Jacket Park.

Technology Square

Technology Square, also known as "Tech Square," is located across the Downtown Connector and embedded in the city east of East Campus. Connected by the recently-renovated Fifth Street Bridge, it is a pedestrian-friendly area comprising Georgia Tech facilities and retail locations. One complex contains the College of Management Building, holding classrooms and office space for the College of Management, as well as the Georgia Tech Hotel and Conference Center and the Georgia Tech Global Learning Center. Another part of Tech Square, the Centergy One complex, contains the Technology Square Research Building (TSRB), holding faculty and graduate student offices for the College of Computing as well as the GVU Center, a multidisciplinary technology research center. Other Georgia Tech-affiliated buildings in the area host the Georgia Tech Enterprise Innovation Institute, the Advanced Technology Development Center, VentureLab, and the Georgia Electronics Design Center. Technology Square also host a variety of restaurants and businesses, including the official Institute bookstore, a Barnes & Noble bookstore. Opened in August 2003 at a cost of $179 million, the district was built over run-down neighborhoods and has sparked a revitalization of the entire Midtown area. [ cite web | publisher=Georgia Tech Office of Development | accessdate=2008-02-09 | title=Technology Square | url=http://www.development.gatech.edu/projects/TSQ/ ] [ cite web | url=http://www.revitalizationonline.com/article.asp?id=1141 | title=Georgia Tech's Technology Square | date=2006-01-01 | publisher=RevitalizationOnline | accessdate=2008-02-09 ]

Satellite campuses

In 1999, Georgia Tech began offering local degree programs to engineering students in Southeast Georgia, and in 2003 established a physical campus in Savannah, Georgia. Georgia Tech Savannah offers undergraduate and graduate programs in engineering, and boasts a robust research program with many activities centered on coastal concerns. It is also home to the regional offices of the Georgia Tech Economic Development Institute and the Advanced Technology Development Center. The Georgia Tech Savannah campus offers engineering programs in conjunction with Georgia Southern University, South Georgia College, Armstrong Atlantic State University, and Savannah State University.cite news|first=Jennifer|last=Dykes|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/1999-10-15/news/1|title=Clough addresses Institute|work=The Technique|date=1999-10-15|accessdate=2007-05-22] The university further collaborated with the National University of Singapore to set up [http://www.tliap.nus.edu.sg The Logistics Institute - Asia Pacific] in Singapore.

Georgia Tech also operates a campus in Metz, in northeastern France, known as Georgia Tech Lorraine. Opened in October 1990, [cite web |url=http://www.georgiatech-metz.fr/about |title=About Georgia Tech Lorraine |accessdate=2007-01-29] It offers Masters' level courses in Electrical and Computer Engineering, Computer Science and Mechanical Engineering and Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. Georgia Tech Lorraine is known for a much-publicized lawsuit pertaining to the language used in advertisements; "see Toubon Law". Additionally, the College of Architecture maintains a small permanent presence in Paris, France in affiliation with the École d'architecture de Paris-La Villette. Georgia Tech will set up two campuses for research and graduate education in the cities of Visakhapatnam and Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India by the year 2010. [cite news|url=http://www.coe.gatech.edu/feature/8_2007recap.php|title=A Look Back / A Look Forward|publisher=Georgia Tech College of Engineering|date=August 2007|accessdate=2008-06-02] [cite news|url=http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Hyderabad/Georgia_Tech_plans_SEZ/articleshow/2695672.cms|title=Georgia Tech plans SEZ|publisher=The Times of India|date=2008-01-13|accessdate=2008-06-02] [cite news|url=http://www.zdnetindia.com/index.php?action=articleDescription&prodid=7226|title=Georgia Tech to set up campus in Hyderabad|publisher=ZDNet India|date=2007-06-06|accessdate=2008-06-02]

Athletics

Georgia Tech's sports teams are variously called the "Yellow jackets", the "Ramblin' Wreck", and the "Engineers", but the official nickname is "Yellow Jackets". They participate in NCAA Division I within the Atlantic Coast Conference. The college was a charter member of the Southeastern Conference, and played in that league until 1964. The Institute mascots are Buzz and the Ramblin' Wreck. The Institute's traditional football rival is the University of Georgia; the rivalry was, at one time, considered one of the fiercest in college football. The rivalry is commonly referred to as Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate, which is also the title of a book about the subject. [cite book
last = Cromartie
first = Bill
title = Clean Old-fashioned Hate: Georgia Vs. Georgia Tech
publisher = Strode Publishers
origyear = 1977
isbn = 09-3252-064-2
] Tech has seventeen varsity sports: Men's Football, Men's and Women's Basketball, Men's Baseball, Women's Softball, Women's volleyball, Men's Golf, Men's and Women's Tennis, Men's and Women's Swimming and Diving, Men's and Women's Track and Field, and Men's and Women's Cross Country. Four Georgia Tech Football teams were selected as national champions in news polls: 1917, 1928, 1952, and 1990. In May 2007, the women's tennis team won the NCAA National Championship with a 4-2 victory over UCLA, the first ever national title granted by the NCAA to Tech.cite news|url=http://www.cstv.com/sports/w-tennis/stories/052207aax.html|title=Georgia Tech Wins NCAA Women's Tennis Title|work=RamblinWreck.com|publisher=Georgia Tech Athletic Association|date=2007-05-22|accessdate=2007-05-23] [cite news|url=http://sports.espn.go.com/ncaa/news/story?id=2879724|title=Georgia Tech captures first NCAA women's tennis title|work=ESPNU|publisher=ESPN.com|date=2007-05-23|accessdate=2007-05-23]

Fight songs

Tech's fight song "I'm a Ramblin' Wreck from Georgia Tech" is known worldwide. First published in the 1908 "Blue Print",cite news|first=Pat|last=Edwards|url=http://www.nique.net/issues/2000-08-25/online%20exclusives/11|title=Fight Songs|work=The Technique|date=2000-08-25|accessdate=2007-04-10] it was adapted from an old drinking song ("Son of a Gambolier") and embellished with trumpet flourishes by Frank Roman.cite web
title=RamblinWreck.com: Georgia Tech Traditions
accessdate=2007-02-12
url=http://ramblinwreck.cstv.com/trads/geot-trads.html
] Then-Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev sang the song together when they met in Moscow in 1958 to reduce the tension between them. [cite news|url=http://gtalumni.org/Publications/techtopics/sum91/fighting.html|title=Who's No. 1? Fighting Words About Battle Hymns|work=Tech Topics|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|date=Summer 1991|accessdate=2007-05-20] As the story goes, Nixon didn't know any Russian songs, but Khrushchev knew that one American one as it had been sung on "The Ed Sullivan Show".

"I'm a Ramblin' Wreck" has had many other notable moments in its history, including being the first school song played in space.cite web|url=http://www.library.gatech.edu/archives/finding-aids/display/xsl/UA318|title=Inventory of the Georgia Tech Songs Collection, 1900-1953|publisher=Georgia Tech Archives and Records Management|accessdate=2007-05-20] Gregory Peck sang the song while strumming a ukulele in the movie "The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit". John Wayne whistled it in "The High and the Mighty". Tim Holt's character sings a few bars of it in the movie "His Kind of Woman". There are numerous stories of commanding officers in Higgins boats crossing the English Channel on the morning of D-Day leading their men in the song to calm their nerves. It is played after every Georgia Tech score in a football game.

Another popular fight song is "Up with the White and Gold", which is usually played by the band preceding "Ramblin' Wreck". First published in 1919, "Up with the White and Gold" was also written by Frank Roman. The song's title refers to Georgia Tech's school colors and its lyrics contain the phrase, "Down with the Red and Black," an explicit reference to the school colors of the University of Georgia and the then-budding Georgia Tech–UGA rivalry. [ cite web | work=Ramblin' Memories: Traditions, Legends and Sounds of Georgia Tech | accessdate=2008-02-03 | url=http://gtalumni.org/Publications/techtraditions/sounds/whiteandgold.html | title=White and Gold ]

Club sports

Georgia Tech participates in many non-NCAA sanctioned club sports. These sports include and are not limited to crew, cricket, cycling (winning three consecutive Dirty South Collegiate Cycling Conference mountain bike championships), equestrian, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, ice hockey, kayaking, lacrosse, paintball, roller hockey, soccer, rowing, rugby union, sailing, skydiving, triathlon, ultimate, water polo, water ski, and wrestling. Many club sports take place at the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center, where swimming, diving, water polo, and the swimming portion of the Modern Pentathlon competitions for the 1996 Summer Olympics were held. [cite web|url=http://ramblinwreck.cstv.com/genrel/032102aae.html|title=Georgia Tech Aquatic Center|work=RamblinWreck.com|publisher=Georgia Tech Athletic Association|accessdate=2007-05-25]

Alumni

There are many notable graduates, non-graduate former students and current students of Georgia Tech. Georgia Tech alumni are generally known as Yellow Jackets. According to the Georgia Tech Alumni Association, [cite web|url=http://gtalumni.org/uploads/bylaws.pdf|title=Bylaws of the Georgia Tech Alumni Association, Inc.|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|accessdate=2007-05-03|format=PDF]

The first class of 95 students entered Georgia Tech in 1888,cite web|url=http://www.library.gatech.edu/gtbuildings/GTVA-UKL999-A.htm|title=GT Buildings: GTVA-UKL999-A|work=A Thousand Wheels are set in Motion: The Building of Georgia Tech at the Turn of the 20th Century, 1888-1908|publisher=Georgia Tech Library|accessdate=2007-01-29] and the first two graduates received their degrees in 1890.cite web|url=https://www.library.gatech.edu/archives/tech_questions.html|title=20 Common Questions about Georgia Tech|publisher=Georgia Tech Archives and Records Management|accessdate=2007-03-13] Since then, the institute has greatly expanded, with an enrollment of 12,526 undergraduates and 6,128 postgraduate students as of Fall 2007. [cite web|url=http://www.irp.gatech.edu/apps/Enrollment/college.cfm?TERM=200702&time_status=Total|title=Enrollment by College, Fall 2007|work=Facts and Figures: Enrollment|publisher=Georgia Tech Institutional Research and Planning|accessdate=2007-09-01]

Many distinguished individuals once called Georgia Tech home. The most notable alumnus is probably Jimmy Carter, former President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize winner, who briefly attended Georgia Tech in the early 1940s prior to matriculating at and graduating from the United States Naval Academy. [cite web|url=http://nrotc.gatech.edu/history.php|title=History of the NROTC Unit at Georgia Institute of Technology|publisher=Georgia Tech NROTC|accessdate=2007-03-05] Another Georgia Tech graduate and Nobel Prize winner, Kary Mullis, received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1993. A large number of businesspeople (CEOs, directors, etc.) began their careers at the College of Management. Some of the most successful of these are Charles "Garry" Betty (CEO Earthlink), David Dorman (CEO AT&T Corporation), Mike Duke (Vice Chairman Wal-Mart), and James D. Robinson III (CEO American Express and later director of The Coca-Cola Company).

Tech graduates have been deeply influential in politics, military service, and activism. Atlanta mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. and former United States Senator Sam Nunn have both made significant changes from within their elected offices. Current Georgia Tech president G. Wayne Clough was also a Tech grad, the first Tech alumnus to serve in that position. Many notable military commanders are alumni; William L. Ball was the 67th Secretary of the Navy, John M. Brown III is the Commander of the United States Army Pacific Command, and Leonard Wood was Chief of Staff of the Army and a Medal of Honor recipient for helping capture of the Apache chief Geronimo.cite news|first=Joseph|last=Byrd|url=http://gtalumni.org/StayInformed/techtopics/spr92/FOW.html|title=From Civil War Battlefields to the Moon: Leonard Wood|work=Tech Topics|publisher=Georgia Tech Alumni Association|date=Spring 1992|accessdate=2007-03-12] Wood was also Tech's first football coach and (simultaneously) the team captain, and was instrumental in Tech's first-ever football victory in a game against the University of Georgia.

Numerous astronauts and NASA administrators spent time at Tech; most notably, Retired Vice Admiral Richard H. Truly was the eighth administrator of NASA, and later served as the president of GTRI. John Young was the first commander of the space shuttle and is the only person to have piloted four different classes of spacecraft. Georgia Tech has its fair share of noteworthy engineers, scientists, and inventors. Kary Mullis developed the polymerase chain reaction, Herbert Saffir developed the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, and W. Jason Morgan made significant contributions to the theory of plate tectonics and geodynamics. In computer science, Krishna Bharat developed Google News, D. Richard Hipp developed SQLite, and Chaim Gingold and Mike Pinkerton have contributed to Spore and Mozilla, respectively. Architect Michael Arad designed the World Trade Center Memorial in New York City, and John Portman designed several buildings across the globe, including Atlanta's SunTrust Plaza.

Despite their highly technical backgrounds, Tech graduates are no strangers to the arts or athletic competition. Comedian/actor Jeff Foxworthy of Blue Collar Comedy Tour fame, Mark Lee of Third Day, John Salley of The Best Damn Sports Show Period, and Randolph Scott all called Tech home. Several famous athletes have, as well; approximately 150 Tech students have gone into the NFL, with many others going into the NBA or MLB. Well-known American football athletes include former students Calvin Johnson, Reggie Ball, Keith Brooking, and Ken Whisenhunt, former Tech head football coaches Pepper Rodgers and Bill Fulcher, and all-time greats such as Joe Hamilton, Pat Swilling, Billy Shaw, and Joe Guyon. Tech's entrants into the NBA include Jarrett Jack, Luke Schenscher, Stephon Marbury, Mark Price, and Chris Bosh. Award-winning baseball stars include Mark Teixeira, Nomar Garciaparra, and Jason Varitek. In golf, the legendary Bobby Jones founded The Masters, David Duval was ranked #1 in the world in 1999, and Stewart Cink was ranked in the top ten.

References

External links

* [http://www.gatech.edu/ Georgia Tech website]
* [http://www.gatech.edu/directories.php Georgia Tech Directory]
* [http://gtalumni.org/campusmap/ Official Campus Map]


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