Gui

Gui
Gui

Galbi, a variety of gui
Korean name
Hangul 구이
Hanja none
Revised Romanization gui
McCune–Reischauer kui

Gui or guee (Korean pronunciation: [ɡuːi]) is a generic term to refer to grilled dishes in Korean cuisine. These most commonly have meat or fish as their primary ingredient, but may in some cases also comprise grilled vegetables or other vegetarian ingredients. The term derives from the verb, "gupda" (굽다) in Korean, which literally means "grill". At traditional restaurants, meats are cooked at the center of the table over a charcoal grill, surrounded by various banchan and individual rice bowls. The cooked meat is then cut into small pieces and wrapped with fresh lettuce leaves, with rice, thinly sliced garlic, ssamjang (a mixture of gochujang and dwenjang), and other seasonings. The suffix gui is often omitted in the names of meat-based gui such as galbi, whose name is originally galbi gui.

Contents

Types

Meat

Meat-based grilled dishes are collectively called gogi gui (고기구이).

  • Bulgogi (불고기): thinly sliced or shredded beef marinated in soy sauce, sesame oil, garlic, sugar, green onions, and black pepper, cooked on a grill (sometimes at the table). Bulgogi literally means "fire meat." Variations include pork (dweji bulgogi), chicken (dak bulgogi), or squid (ojingeo bulgogi).
  • Galbi (갈비): pork or beef ribs, cooked on a metal plate over charcoal in the centre of the table. The meat is sliced thicker than bulgogi. It is often called "Korean barbecue" along with bulgogi, and can be seasoned or unseasoned. A variation using seasoned chicken is called dak galbi.
  • Samgyeopsal (삼겹살): Unseasoned pork bacon cut from the belly, served in the same fashion as galbi. Sometimes cooked on a grill with kimchi together at either side. Commonly grilled with garlic and onions, dipped in ssamjjang and wrapped in lettuce leaves.
  • Dakgui (닭구이): grilled chicken
  • Saengchi gui (생치구이): grilled pheasant

Offal

Gui made with pig or cow's intestines is collectively called naejang gui (내장구이) or yang gui (양구이).

  • Makchang gui (막창구이): grilled pork large intestines prepared like samgyeopsal and galbi, and often served with a light doenjang sauce and chopped scallions. It is very popular in Daegu and the surrounding Gyeongsang region.
  • Gobchang gui (곱창구이): similar to makchang except prepared from the small intestines of pork (or ox)

Seafood

Godeungeo gui

Gui made with fish is called saengseon gui (생선구이) that literally means "grilled fish", while grilled shellfishes are called seokhwa gui (석화구이) or jogae gui (조개구이)


Vegetable and mushroom

Songi gui (송이구이), grilled matsutake in Korean cuisine
  • Dubu gui (두부구이): grilled tofu rectangles
  • Deodeok gui (더덕구이): grilled deodeok (Codonopsis lanceolata; 더덕)
  • Beoseot gui (버섯구이): grilled mushroom
    • Songi gui (송이구이): grilled matsutake
  • Gim gui or guun gim (김구이 or 구운 김): grilled gim (laver)


See also

References

External links


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