- Chick Publications Inc.
name = Chick Publications Inc.
type = Publishing, Retail mail-order house
genre = Protestant fundamentalist
foundation = 1961
location_city = Rancho Cucamonga,
area_served = worldwide
Jack Chick, president
Fred Carter, artistcite web
last = Deppey
title = Shorter Journalista 16: Literary Comics
publisher = Journalista
9 November 2007
url = http://www.tcj.com/journalista/?p=478
products = comic tracts,
DVDs, VCDs, videos, books, posters
revenue = US $2.9 millioncite web
title=Company Profile:Chick Publications, Inc
publisher=Dun and Bradstreet, Inc.
num_employees = 35
slogan = "Publishing
cartoon gospeltracks for over 40 years"
homepage = [http://www.chick.com www.Chick.com]
Chick Publications is an American publishing company founded and run by
Jack Chickwhich produces and markets Protestant fundamentalist pamphlets, DVDs, VCDs, videos, books, and posters. Chick Publications' best-known products are Chick tracts, which are comic tracts that are available in nearly 100 languages. Arguably all of its products promote and seek to win converts to Christian fundamentalism. While the tracts express views that are generally accepted within Christian theology, e.g. the Incarnationof Christ, [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0039/0039_01.asp Charlie's Ants] ", Jack Chick, 1997.] they are also often seen as controversial, even by some Christians, for views and criticisms against cultures, religions and theological concepts. Chick's "espous [ing] a variety of hateful doctrines" have moved the Southern Poverty Law Centerto label the organization as a hate group.cite web
title=Active U.S. Hate Groups: General Hate
Southern Poverty Law Center
Chick Publications is based in Rancho Cucamonga with a mailing address in
Ontario, California. All of Chick Publications tracts, and several excerpts from his full-length comics, are available for free reading on the Chick website. Many older tracts are out of print; however, Chick Publications will print a minimum 10,000 tract special order of any out-of-print series.
On the companies website they also note that "Our ministry is primarily publishing the gospel tracts of Jack T. Chick, but we do occasionally publish a manuscript in book form."cite web
title=FAQ: Will Chick Publications publish my book?
publisher= Chick Publications, Inc.
accessdate=2008-02-25] They state that if the content "educates Christians in one of the areas for which we have a tract, we would love to see it" and cite several examples, the online store lists nearly a dozens book categories.
The company's web site lists more than 150 comic tracts; all of them can be viewed online, but other materials can generally only be sampled. [" [http://www.chick.com/catalog/tractlist.asp English Chick Cartoon Tracts] ", Chick Publications.] The site states that several hundred million tracts have been distributed worldwide, with some of them translated into almost 100 languages. However, for the majority of languages, only one tract is available: "This Was Your Life". This tract is unique in that, apart from the large number of languages it is published in, it also appears in six different artwork versions, depicting the major racial groups.
Like many other religious publishing organizations, Chick Publications does not distribute their tracts for free; they are normally purchased in bulk by the people handing them out.
While Chick's tracts are meant to be handed out directly (for instance, he encourages Christians to give out anti-
Halloweentracts along with Halloween candy [" [http://www.chick.com/seasonal/halloween/default.asp?FROM=Tracttips Halloween...witnessing doesn't get any easier] ", Chick Publications.] ), they are often distributed by leaving them in places where they will be found and read (for example, public restrooms), an appealing witnessing tool for shy Christians." [http://www.chick.com/bc/1996/witnessingideas.asp I Am Too Shy To Talk To People] ", "Battle Cry", September/October 1996.] This strategy is intended to reach those who are hostile to evangelists and unlikely to accept an offered tract, by appealing instead to their curiosity. The Chick Publications website claims that many people have been converted by encountering Chick Publication's comic tracts. [" [http://www.chick.com/articles/testimonies/ What Happens To Chick Tracts AFTER You Pass Them Out?] ", Chick Publications.]
Chick Publications also publishes conventional non-graphical books on these same topics, by authors other than Chick. Many of these are also used as sources for Chick's tracts; notable sources include
Alberto Rivera, Rebecca Brown, Jeff Godwin, Kent Hovind, Charles Chiniquy, William Schnoebelen, John Todd, Avro Manhattan, and Alexander Hislop.
Copies of Chick's tracts were requested by the
Smithsonian Institutionto be displayed among other examples of American religious culture.cite web
title = Biography of Jack Chick
publisher = Chick Publications
url = http://www.chick.com/information/authors/chick.asp
accessdate = 2008-02-20]
Chick Publications and its founder and namesake
Jack Chickhave been regularly criticized for publishing strong opinions seen as negative such as opposition to Freemasonry, [" [http://www.chick.com/information/religions/masonry Information on Masonry] ", Chick Publications.] and Catholicism. [" [http://www.chick.com/information/religions/catholicism Information on Roman Catholicism] ", Chick Publications.] Many of the products also oppose secularized holidays such as Halloweenand Thanksgiving, [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/1025/1025_01.asp The Missing Day] ", Jack Chick, 2005.] as well as several forms of entertainment such as role-playing games and popular music. Defenders of the comics assert all his comics carry the same message: salvation through Jesus. Tracts typically follow the themes of punishment or redemption in the afterlife, or set up a confrontation between a Christian and non-Christian in order to spread a religious message. Many Chick tracts end with a non-Christian being converted to Christianity. Other endings provide a contrast between those who accept Jesus and those who reject Jesus; in some tracts, a convert receives entry to heaven, while in other tract, a non-believer is condemned to hell.
Most Chick tracts end with a suggested prayer for the reader to pray to accept Christ. In most of these tracts it is a standard
sinner's prayerfor salvation. In the tracts dealing with Catholicism or Islam, the prayer includes a clause to reject these religions. Included with the prayer are directions for converting to Christianity.
The graphics in Chick's tracts are often simple, but eye-catching. Some Christians consider them to be valuable witnessing tools, due to the striking nature of the cartoons and their clear-cut messages.
Chick's tracts and other publications make many controversial claims. Some are typical of conservative
Protestantbeliefs. For example, Chick claims that the theory of evolutionis false," [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0055/0055_01.asp Big Daddy?] ", Jack Chick, 2002.] homosexualityis sinful, [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/5003/5003_01.asp Sin City] ", Jack Chick, 2001.] and abortionis murder. [ " [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/1009/1009_01.asp Who Murdered Clarice?] ", Jack Chick, 2000.] [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0077/0077_01.asp Baby Talk] ", Jack Chick, 1995.]
Others are controversial even within conservative Protestantism. In particular, Chick's tracts make frequent reference to a vast Satanic conspiracy controlling many of the world's organizations and institutions. Religions other than Protestantism, especially the Roman Catholic Church, are generally presented as instruments of
Satan. Chick claims that the King James Version of the Bibleis the only recorded word of God, and all other editions are corrupt.Fact|date=March 2008 Christian ecumenismis rejected as a ploy to corrupt true Christianity by encouraging acceptance of corrupted beliefs.
Chick's claims about Catholic, Masonic, Satanic, etc., conspiracies are based in large part on the testimony of people who claim to have been members of these groups before converting to Evangelical Christianity, most prominently
Alberto Rivera, William Schnoebelen, and John Todd. The reliability of these sources is hotly disputed, as detailed in their individual articles.
A recurring theme in Chick's tracts is the role of the
Roman Catholic Church, which he presents as one of the most powerful and insidious branches of this conspiracy. According to Chick, the Catholic Church is the "Great Whore" referred to in the Book of Revelation, and will bring about a Satanic New World Order [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0094/0094_01.asp The Last Generation] ", Jack Chick, 1992.] [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0030/0030_01.asp The Only Hope] ", Jack Chick, 1985.] before it is destroyed by Jesus Christ.
Drawing on the claims of Rivera and debunkedFact|date=September 2007 authors like
Charles Chiniquy, Chick claims that the Catholic Church helped to mold Islamas a tool to lure people away from Christianity, [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0062/0062_01.asp The Story Teller] ", Jack Chick, 1985.] that it infiltrates and attempts to destroy or corrupt all other religions and churches, [ " [http://www.chick.com/reading/comics/0112/0112_fourpages.asp?PG=17 Alberto] " pp.17-20, Jack Chick, 1979.] and that it uses various means including seduction, framing, and murder to silence its critics. [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/comics/0112/0112_fourpages.asp?pg=21 Alberto] " pp.21-24, Jack Chick, 1979.] He accuses Catholicism, specifically the Jesuits, of instigating the American Civil War, supporting the Confederate cause and seeking to undermine the Union. When that failed, they arranged the assassination of Abraham Lincoln [" [http://www.chick.com/catalog/comics/0251.asp The Big Betrayal] ", Jack Chick, 1981.] and created the Ku Klux KlanFact|date=September 2007, which happens to be anti-Catholic itself. According to Chick, the Catholic Church has also supported such ideologies as Nazismand Communism, the two of which are widely considered to be incompatibleFact|date=September 2007, and used the Holocaustto persecute opponents of the Catholic Church. [ " [http://www.chick.com/bc/1989/holocaustorinquisition.asp?FROM=Catholicpage Hitler's Death Camps -- Holocaust ... or Inquisition?] ", "Battle Cry", January/February 1989.] [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/books/153/153_06.asp Smokescreens] " Chapter Six: Cover Up, Jack Chick, 1983.] He claims that the Catholic Church keeps "the name of every Protestant church member in the world" in a "big computer" in the Vatican for use in future persecutions.Fact|date=September 2007 "Jesuits worked closely with Marx, Engels, Trotsky, Lenin, and Stalin" to create Communism, and it was "believed that soon . . . Communism would rise up as the new strong daughter of the Vatican." It was Rome that instigated the Bolshevik Revolution and the murder of the czar’s family. [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/comics/0114/godfathersindex.asp The Godfathers] ", Jack Chick, 1982.] The Communist liberation theologymovement also is a Vatican plot [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0053/0053_01.asp Fat Cats] ", Jack Chick, 1989.] regardless of Papal condemnations, and Pope John Paul IIwho condemned it was in fact a good communist. [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/comics/0117/theprophetindex.asp The Prophet] ", Jack Chick, 1989.]
Chick publications present various forms of
occultism as part of a Satanic conspiracy. Most forms of fantasyand depictions of magic, including Harry Potter, [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/5012/5012_01.asp The Nervous Witch] ", Jack Chick, 2002.] Dungeons & Dragons. [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0046/0046_01.asp Dark Dungeons] ", Jack Chick, 1984.] and Halloweencelebrations [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0011/0011_01.asp The Trick] ", Jack Chick, 1986.] are portrayed as an attempt to draw children into witchcraft, which Chick considers to be a tool of Satan.
For example, the tract "Boo!" [" [http://www.chick.com/reading/tracts/0058/0058_01.asp Boo!] ", Jack Chick, 1991.] is set on
Halloween, Satan's supposed birthday. Satan kills people dressed as a chainsaw-wielding maniac dressed in black and wearing a Jack-o'-lanternon his head. In the tract, Chick states that the Druidsof the British Isleswould take victims for their human sacrifices by force on October 31and leave a Jack-o'-lantern in exchange. In reality, squashes or pumpkinswould not have been accessible to the Druids, since squashes came from the Americas and were not brought to the British Isles until nearly a thousand years after the time of the Druids. [ [http://www.aces.uiuc.edu/news/stories/news3326.html Univ of Ill. Extension] retrieved April 30, 2008] Also, the Druids in this instance are seen holding an ankh, which is actually an Ancient Egyptian symbol.
Many of the tracts also mention that Holy Communion is an Egyptian tradition, and portray the Egyptian people as worshiping wafers of unleavened bread as the god
Osiris, who is described as the sun. In reality, Osiriswas never a solar deity, but rather associated with fertility, agriculture, and death. For more information on Ancient Egyptian Religion, see the associated wiki pages.
Chick's critics accuse him of misrepresentation — for instance, Chick's tract "Big Daddy" accuses evolutionary scientists of
circular reasoningin dating geological strata by the fossils they contain, with nothing in the tract to inform its readers that the usual technique is in fact radiometric dating. (This technique is mentioned elsewhere on Chick's site, [" [http://www.chick.com/bc/1987/evolution.asp Scientists Admit -- Evolution Not Supported By Facts!] ", "Battle Cry", January/February 1987.] but not in that tract.)
The tracts display those who do not share the same fundamentalist Christian view as Chick as being immoral. Gays, Catholics, Masons, Pagans,
Dungeons & Dragonsenthusiasts, those accepting the Theory of Evolution, rock musicians - all are portrayed as morally flawed.
Chick has changed the claims made in "Big Daddy?" in response to more recent scientific findings supporting evolution. He has also changed the content of other tracts such as "The Last Generation" and his book "The Next Step" to reflect his increasingly anti-Catholic beliefs, and the content of "That Crazy Guy!" was changed after the rise of the
AIDScrisis (the tract was originally about herpes). Also, the ending to "The Poor Little Witch" (in which a little girl is murdered by Satanists after forsaking Occultism and converting to Fundamentalist Christianity) was changed because the urban myth, which states that "every year in the U.S. at least 40,000 people... are murdered in witchcraft ceremonies" (about twice the entire reported homicide rate for the USA), turned out to be false and was removed from the tract. [ [http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/tables/totalstab.htm Homicide victimization, 1950-2005] , USDOJBureau of Justice Statistics, July 11, 2007]
Chick's claims about Catholic, Masonic, Satanic, etc., conspiracies are based in large part on the testimony of people who claim to have been members of these groups before converting to Evangelical Christianity, most prominently Rivera and Schnoebelen. Many of Chick's critics consider these sources to be frauds or fantasists. Nevertheless, many Chick supporters believe their claims to be legitimate.Fact|date=February 2007 Further discussion of these controversies may be found in the articles on
Alberto Rivera, William Schnoebelen, and John Todd.
Chick Publications depict
Paganismand Neo-Paganismas a form of Satanism, a position that is contrary to that of all objective sources. As a response to this, a comic strip in the style of a Chick Publication called "The Other People" was written by Oberon Zell Ravenheartof the Neo-Pagan Church of All Worlds, with art by Don Lewis, in which fundamentalist Christians ring the doorbell of a Pagan family, and get a Bible lesson from the Neo-Pagan point of view. [http://www.aquatabch.org/afwe/theotherpeople.php]
One rather unusual claim that used to pop up frequently in Chick's publications was that the Soviet Union would invade Israel under orders of the Pope, with East Germany aiding it. Tracts that used to contain this claim (like "Escape") had it removed in later revisions. It can still be seen on Page 33 of "The Godfathers."
Most Christians, including many mainstream
Protestants and evangelicals, consider many of Chick Publications' views to be misrepresentations or distortions of general Christian or evangelical views, and as such find them offensive and embarrassing.Fact|date=February 2007 Among other issues, many Protestants reject Chick's King James Only stance and hence do not support those of Chick's assertions that rely on the King James Version being the only 'true Bible'.Fact|date=February 2007
Chick (verb) has been used on the website
Fark.comto describe a declaration or statement so outrageous that the speaker unintentionally gives his audience the false impression that he is engaged in a comedic parody of an extreme or reactionary belief. For example: "When he told me Satan appeared to Adam and Eve as a dinosaur I was sure he was pulling my leg. But he really believed it, so I guess he was actually chicking".Fact|date=September 2007
fundamentalistProtestants, both past and present, agree with at least some of Chick Publications's more controversial claims. Some reject Chick's Roman Catholic conspiracy theories but accept other claims promoted in his tracts (such as his view that a person must be saved so as to avoid eternal damnation in Hell), and so offer qualified agreement with Chick's beliefs. Some anti- cultorganizations view Chick's website and publications as a valuable source of material on groups they see as cults. [" [http://www.missionresources.com/cult.html Information on Cults Resource Directory] ", World Christian Resource Directory.]
Jack Chick claims that cartoons are a more effective medium for witnessing than conventional text based tracts. Some of the characteristics often seen as failings of his tracts - for instance, their simplistic messages - can also be viewed as strengths, making them more appealing to readers who are unsympathetic to more conventional forms of evangelism. Some tracts go further, and use only words aimed at children, or tell their stories without words. Recently people in cartoons have been coloured in to appeal more to black people. [" [http://www.chick.com/newseries.asp?wpc=newseries.asp&wpp=a New Series from Chick Publications] ", Chick Publications.]
Chick's more controversial claims are usually accompanied by supporting references to the
Bible(always quoting the King James Version), other books (often also published by Chick), and historical facts; debate commonly focuses on the reliability of these sources and of Chick's representation of them.
Jack T. Chick's tracts have had an unintentional influence on pop culture. The Chick Tract Club was established for collectors of Chick's works. A website for parodies of his works (The Jack T. Chick Parody Archive) is on line. Kurt Kuersteiner, the author of "The Unofficial Guide to the Art of Jack T. Chick", has produced a documentary on Jack Chick and his works entitled "God's Cartoonist: The Comic Crusade of Jack Chick". Comedian
David Cross(a self-professed atheist[http://www.celebatheists.com/index.php?title=David_Cross] ) released a DVD of his comedy works entitled " Let America Laugh" with the chapters titled after Chick tracts ("This Was Your Life", "Who Cares?", "Is There Another Christ?", "Gomez Is Coming", etc.).
* [http://www.chick.com Official website of Chick Publications]
* [http://www.catholic.com/library/sr_chick_tracts.asp The Nightmare World of Jack T. Chick] - A response to the claims of Chick Publications against Roman Catholics and a criticism of Chick Tracts in general.
* [http://www.masonicinfo.com/chick.htm Anti-Masonic Examples: Chick Publications] - A rebuttal to Chick Publications' claims about Masonry
* [http://members.cox.net/jimmyakin/x-meet-jack-chick.htm Meeting Jack Chick] an interview with Jack Chick
* [http://www.hinduamericanfoundation.org/pdf/hate_report_2007.pdf Criticism of chick.com] - from the
Hindu American Foundation
* [http://www.jackchickmovie.com "God's Cartoonist" - Documentary Film on Jack Chick & Chick Publications]
* [http://members.aol.com/chickclub/ The Chick Tract Club] - website for Chick Tract collectors
* [http://www.weirdcrap.com/chick/ The Jack T. Chick Parody Archives] - Parodies of Chick tracts
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