Boone, North Carolina

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Boone
nickname = The Heart of the High Country


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



mapsize =
map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = North Carolina
subdivision_name2 = Watauga County
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Loretta Clawson
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1872
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 6.07
area_total_km2 = 15.72
area_land_sq_mi = 6.07
area_land_km2 = 15.72
area_water_sq_mi = 0
area_water_km2 = 0
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2006 Est.
population_note =
population_total = 14,473
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 920
population_density_sq_mi = 2384
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 36 |latm = 12 |lats = 41 |latNS = N
longd = 81 |longm = 40 |longs = 7 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 995.5
elevation_ft = 3266
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 28607-28608
area_code = 828
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 37-07080GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1009539GR|3
website = [http://www.townofboone.com http://www.townofboone.com]
footnotes =

Boone is a town located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina, USA. Boone is the county seat of Watauga County. The population was 13,472 as of the 2000 census.

Boone acquires its name from the famous pioneer and explorer Daniel Boone, who on several occasions camped at a site generally agreed to be within the present city limits. Boone was served by the narrow gauge East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (nicknamed "Tweetsie") until the flood of 1940.

Boone is the home of Appalachian State University, a constituent member of the University of North Carolina. Appalachian State is the fifth largest university in the sixteen campus system. Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute also operates a satellite campus in Boone.

"Horn in the West", a dramatization of the life and times of Daniel Boone, has been performed in an outdoor amphitheatre above the town every summer since 1952. The original "Daniel Boone" was Ned Austin, whose "Hollywood Star" stands on a pedestal on King Street downtown. Michael Houser, a founding member of and late lead-guitarist for the band Widespread Panic, was born in Boone. The Grammy award winning guitar player Doc Watson also comes from the Boone area, as do many bluegrass musicians and Appalachian storytellers.

Geography

Boone is located at coor dms|36|12|41|N|81|40|7|W|city (36.211364, -81.668657)GR|1 and has an elevation of 3,266 ft (995.5 m) above mean sea level. An earlier survey gave the elevation as 3,332 ft and since then it has been published as having an elevation of 3,333 ft (1,016 m). Boone has the highest elevation of any town of its size (over 10,000 population) east of the Mississippi River. As such, the climate of Boone is a cooler humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification "Dfb") closer to that of Northern New England or the upper Midwest than the South. During summer, high temperatures in Boone are typically 78 °F (25 °C) or below, noticeably cooler than the lowland areas to the east and south, and summers are also considerably less humid than in other parts of the Carolinas. However, winters are long, harsh, and cold, with frequent sleet and snowfall. Blizzard-like conditions are not unusual during most winters. Boone typically receives on average nearly 40 inches of snowfall annually, which is far higher than the lowland areas in the rest of North Carolina, which usually receive under 10 inches of snowfall annually on average.

Infobox Weather
single_line= Yes
location = Boone, North Carolina
Jan_Hi_°F = 38 |Jan_Hi_°C = 3
Feb_Hi_°F = 41 |Feb_Hi_°C = 5
Mar_Hi_°F = 50 |Mar_Hi_°C = 10
Apr_Hi_°F = 58 |Apr_Hi_°C = 14
May_Hi_°F = 66 |May_Hi_°C = 19
Jun_Hi_°F = 73 |Jun_Hi_°C = 23
Jul_Hi_°F = 76 |Jul_Hi_°C = 24
Aug_Hi_°F = 75 |Aug_Hi_°C = 24
Sep_Hi_°F = 70 |Sep_Hi_°C = 21
Oct_Hi_°F = 60 |Oct_Hi_°C = 16
Nov_Hi_°F = 51 |Nov_Hi_°C = 11
Dec_Hi_°F = 42 |Dec_Hi_°C = 6
Year_Hi_°F = 58 |Year_Hi_°C = 14
Jan_Lo_°F = 21 |Jan_Lo_°C = -6
Feb_Lo_°F = 22 |Feb_Lo_°C = -6
Mar_Lo_°F = 30 |Mar_Lo_°C = -1
Apr_Lo_°F = 39 |Apr_Lo_°C = 4
May_Lo_°F = 47 |May_Lo_°C = 8
Jun_Lo_°F = 54 |Jun_Lo_°C = 12
Jul_Lo_°F = 58 |Jul_Lo_°C = 14
Aug_Lo_°F = 57 |Aug_Lo_°C = 14
Sep_Lo_°F = 52 |Sep_Lo_°C = 11
Oct_Lo_°F = 41 |Oct_Lo_°C = 5
Nov_Lo_°F = 33 |Nov_Lo_°C = 1
Dec_Lo_°F = 25 |Dec_Lo_°C = -4
Year_Lo_°F = 40 |Year_Lo_°C = 4
Jan_Precip_inch = 4.5 |Jan_Precip_cm = 11.4 |Jan_Precip_mm =
Feb_Precip_inch = 4.8 |Feb_Precip_cm = 12.2 |Feb_Precip_mm =
Mar_Precip_inch = 6.1 |Mar_Precip_cm = 15.5 |Mar_Precip_mm =
Apr_Precip_inch = 5.4 |Apr_Precip_cm = 13.7 |Apr_Precip_mm =
May_Precip_inch = 6.1 |May_Precip_cm = 15.5 |May_Precip_mm =
Jun_Precip_inch = 5.7 |Jun_Precip_cm = 14.5 |Jun_Precip_mm =
Jul_Precip_inch = 5.8 |Jul_Precip_cm = 14.7 |Jul_Precip_mm =
Aug_Precip_inch = 5.6 |Aug_Precip_cm = 14.2 |Aug_Precip_mm =
Sep_Precip_inch = 5.8 |Sep_Precip_cm = 14.7 |Sep_Precip_mm =
Oct_Precip_inch = 5.4 |Oct_Precip_cm = 13.7 |Oct_Precip_mm =
Nov_Precip_inch = 5.6 |Nov_Precip_cm = 14.2 |Nov_Precip_mm =
Dec_Precip_inch = 4.4 |Dec_Precip_cm = 11.2 |Dec_Precip_mm =
Year_Precip_inch = 65.3 |Year_Precip_cm = 165.9 |Year_Precip_mm =
source = Weatherbase | accessdate = 2007

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 13,472 people, 4,374 households, and 1,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,307.0 people per square mile (890.7/km²). There were 4,748 housing units at an average density of 813.0/sq mi (313.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.98% White, 3.42% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 1.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,374 households out of which 9.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.0% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 71.7% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.63.

The age distribution is 5.8% under the age of 18, 65.9% from 18 to 24, 12.1% from 25 to 44, 9.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. Both the overall age distribution and the median age are typical for communities dominated by a large university, here Appalachian State. For every 100 females there are 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median household income is $20,541, and the median family income is $49,762. Men had a median income of $28,060 versus $20,000 for women. The per capita income is $12,256. 37.0% of the population and 9.2% of families were below the poverty line. However, poverty statistics that are based on surveys of the entire population can be extremely misleading in communities dominated by students, such as Boone. Out of the total population, 6.3% of those under the age of 18 and 9.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. These particular statistics are far less skewed by the overwhelming dominance of students in Boone's population.

Media

Newspaper

Boone is served by three local newspapers. The Watauga Democrat is published on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday of each week. The Mountain Times and High Country Press are weekly publications. The Appalachian State University campus also has a newspaper, [http://www.theapp.appstate.edu The Appalachian] , published twice a week on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Radio

WATA 1450 AM is predominantly News Talk.
WASU 90.5 FM is a college radio station run from the Appalachian campus.
MIX 102.3 WECR FM is an adult contemporary station, mostly music, also Carolina Tarheels sports network, and Carolina Panthers football. [http://goblueridge.net] www.goblueridge.net is the station website.

Development controversy

Since the 1980s, Boone has developed at an unprecedented rate, spurred by the expansion of Appalachian State University and an influx of people from New England and Florida who chose the area for a second home.Fact|date=February 2008 Development continues within the city and the outlying rural areas, predominantly taking the form of urban sprawl; i.e. strip mall development and big box stores adjacent to major roadways. Development of the area is extremely controversial, and many Boone residents – including students, for whom much of the development is intended – feel that the ongoing urbanization of the valley detracts from the city's natural setting.Fact|date=February 2008

Boone currently has zoning laws and defined urban/rural growth areas, but lacks a long-term land use plan that dictates how the city can grow. There is no clear indication as to the future of Boone's development. Some signs indicate that local government bodies are beginning to examine the long-term effects of development more closely – for example, a 2005 moratorium [ [http://www.wataugademocrat.com/2005/0228web/councilretreat.php3 councilretreat ] ] that limited multi-family developments to 24 or fewer units while the town examined the impact of such developments. The North Carolina Department of Transportation plans to begin widening 1.2 miles of King Street / US 421 in 2009. As planned, the widening project will stop short of the historic downtown stretch of King Street, but will nonetheless displace 25 businesses and 63 residences east of that point. [ [http://www.wataugademocrat.com/2007/0312web/statedotpaves.php statedotpaves ] ]

Points of interest

* Appalachian State University
* Blue Ridge Parkway
* Daniel Boone Native Gardens
* Horn in the West
* Howard's Knob
* Tweetsie Railroad
* Watauga River
* Elk Knob State Park

ee also

*Banner Elk, North Carolina
*Elizabethton, Tennessee
*Roan Mountain, Tennessee
*Roan Mountain State Park

References

External links

* [http://www.townofboone.net/ Official Boone, NC website]
*
* [http://www.boonechamber.com/ Boone Area Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.visitboonenc.com/ Boone Convention & Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.appalcart.com/ AppalCART Public Transportation]
* [http://www.mountaintimes.com/ The Mountain Times]
* [http://www.wataugademocrat.com/ The Watauga Democrat]
* [http://www.goblueridge.net/ Boone Radio Station News and Streaming Broadcasts]
* [http://www.booneonline.com/ Historical Boone Photos, Postcards, and Paper]
* [http://www.johnsonsdepot.com/crumley/cyhome.htm Cy Crumley ET&WNC Photo Collection]


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