1758

Year 1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1758

January - June


* April 29 - Battle of Cuddalore: A British fleet under Sir George Pocock engages the French fleet of Anne Antoine d'Aché indecisively near Madras.
* May 21 - Seven Years' War - French and Indian War: Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape.
* June 12 - Seven Years' War - French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg: James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
* June 23 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Krefeld: Anglo-Hanoverian forces under Ferdinand of Brunswick defeat the French.
* June 30 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Domstadtl: Austrian forces under Ernst Gideon von Laudon and Joseph von Siskovits rout an enormous convoy with supplies for the Prussian army, guarded by strong troops of Hans Joachim von Zieten.

July - December


* July 6
**Pope Clement XIII succeeds Pope Benedict XIV as the 248th pope.
** Seven Years' War - Battle of Bernetz Brook: British troops defeat the French.
* July 8 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.
* July 25 - Seven Years' War - French and Indian War: The island battery at Fortress Louisbourg is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken.
* August 3 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Negapatam: Off the coast of India, Admiral Pocock again engages d'Aché's French fleet, this time with more success.
* August 25 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Zorndorf: Frederick defeats the Russian army of Count Wilhelm Fermor near the Oder.
* September 1 - The town of Stephensburgh, Virginia is chartered and founded. Stephensburgh is known today as Stephens City.
* September 3 - Tavora affair: attempted assassination of Joseph I of Portugal.
* September 14 - Seven Years' War - French and Indian War: Battle of Fort Duquesne: A British attack on Fort Duquesne is defeated.
* October 14 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Hochkirch: Frederick loses a hard-fought battle against the Austrians under Marshal Leopold von Daun, who besieges Dresden.
* October 16 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Clostercamp: The French defeat the combined forces of Great Britain, Prussia, Hanover, Brunswick, and Hesse-Kassel.
* November 25 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: French forces abandon Fort Duquesne to the British, who then name the area Pittsburgh.
* December 25 - Halley's Comet appears for the first time after Halley's discovery of it.

Undated

* First European settlement in what is now Erie County by the French at the mouth of Buffalo Creek.
* Rudjer Boscovich publishes his atomic theory in "Theoria philosophiae naturalis redacta ad unicam legem virium in nalura existentium".
* James Abercrombie replaces the Earl of Loudoun as supreme commander in the American colonies. He is replaced himself after failing to take the fort at Ticonderoga.
* Fire destroys part of Oslo, then called Christiania.
* Carolus Linnaeus publishes the first volume ("Animalia") of the tenth edition of his "Systema Naturae", the starting point of modern zoological nomenclature.
* The first Isakov family member (Trifun Isakov) is mentioned in "Melenci".

Ongoing events

* French and Indian War (1754-1763)
* Seven Years' War (1756-1763)

Births


* January 6 - Charles Ganilh, French economist and politician (d. 1836)
* January 9 - George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland (d. 1833)
* January 11 - François Louis Bourdon, French Revolutionary politician (d. 1797)
* January 24 - Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough (d. 1844)
* February - John Pinkerton, British antiquarian (d. 1826)
* February 1 - Jacques Antoine Marie de Cazalès, French orator and politician (d. 1805)
* February 2 - George Thicknesse, 19th Baron Audley (d. 1818)
* February 1 - David Ochterlony (d. 1825)
* February 3
**Francis Napier, 8th Lord Napier (d. 1823)
**Vasily Kapnist, Ukrainian poet and playwright (d. 1823)
* February 25 - Joseph McDowell, U.S. Representative for North Carolina (d. 1799)
* February 28 - Nicolas François, Count Mollien, French financier (d. 1850)
* March 6 - William Russell, U.S. soldier (d. 1825)
* March 9 - Franz Joseph Gall, German pioneering neuroanatomist (d. 1828)
* March 12 - Leopold Karel, Count of Limburg Stirum (d. 1840)
* March 25 - Richard Dobbs Spaight, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1802)
* April 1 - Benjamin Mooers, U.S. soldier (d. 1838)
* April 4
**John Hoppner, English portrait-painter (d. 1810)
**Pierre Paul Prud'hon, French painter (d. 1823)
* April 16 - Christian Karl August Ludwig von Massenbach, Prussian soldier (d. 1827)
* April 19 - Fisher Ames, U.S. Congressman for Massachusetts (d. 1808)
* April 22 - Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén, Spanish general (d. 1852)
* April 23
**Alexander Hood, officer of the Royal Navy (d. 1798)
**Alexander Cochrane, officer of the Royal Navy (d. 1832)
**Philip Gidley King, English naval officer and colonial administrator (d. 1808)
* April 27 - Charles Dumont de Sainte Croix, French zoologist (d. 1830)
* April 28 - James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (d. 1831)
* April 29 - Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish soldier (d. 1820)
* May 6
**Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
**André Masséna, Napoleonic general and Marshal of France (d. 1817)
* May 8 - John Heath, U.S. Representative for Virginia (d. 1810)
* May 15 - Thomas Taylor, British translator (d. 1835)
* May 17
**Sir John St Aubyn, 5th Baronet, British fossil collector (d. 1839)
**Honoré IV, Prince of Monaco (d. 1819)
* June 19 - Raffaello Sanzio Morghen, Italian engraver (d. 1833)
* June 30 - James Stephen, British lawyer (d. 1832)
* July 25 - Elizabeth Hamilton, English writer (d. 1816)
* July 31 - Jeremiah Colegrove, U.S. farmer, manufacturer and soldier (d. 1836)
* August - Thomas Picton, British soldier (d. 1815)
* August 2 - William Campbell, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Upper Canada and a resident of Toronto (d. 1834)
* August 5 - Emperor Go-Momozono (d. 1779)
* August 10 - Armand Gensonné, French politician (d. 1793)
* August 14 - Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, French painter (d. 1835)
* August 24
**Edward James Eliot, English politician (d. 1797)
**Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1794)
* August 25 - Israel Pellew, English naval officer (d. 1832)
* September 1 - George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, English Whig politician (d. 1834)
* September 9 - Alexander Nasmyth, Scottish portrait and landscape painter (d. 1840)
* September 10 - Hannah Webster Foster, U.S. novelist (d. 1840)
* September 18 - Louis Friant, French Napoleonic soldier (d. 1829)
* September 20 - Jean-Jacques Dessalines, leader of the Haïtian Revolution (d. 1806)
* September 21
**Silvestre de Sacy, French linguist and orientalist (d. 1838)
**Christopher Gore, U.S. lawyer and politician (d. 1827)
* September 25 - Maria Anna Thekla Mozart, cousin of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1841)
* September 26 - Cosme Argerich, Argentine Surgeon General (d. 1820)
* September 29
**Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, British admiral (d. 1805)
**Fanny von Arnstein, Austrian society hostess (d. 1802)
* October 7 - Joshua Coit, U.S. lawyer and politician (d. 1798)
* October 11 - Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (d. 1840)
* October 12
**James Davenport, U.S. Representative for Connecticut (d. 1797)
**Theodorus Bailey, U.S. Representative for New York (d. 1828)
* October 15 - Johann Heinrich von Dannecker, German sculptor (d. 1841)
* October 16
**John Paulding, U.S. soldier (d. 1818)
**Noah Webster, U.S. lexicographer (d. 1843)
* October 28 - John Sibthorp, English botanist (d. 1796)
* October 28 - Joseph-François-Louis-Charles de Damas, French general (d. 1829)
* November 5 - Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-Thouars, French botanist (d. 1831)
* November 11
**Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer (d. 1832)
**Caleb P. Bennett, U.S. soldier and politician (d. 1836)
* November 12 - Jean Joseph Mounier, French politician (d. 1806)
* November 16 - Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (d. 1841)
* November 20 - Abraham B. Venable, U.S. Representative for Virginia (d. 1811)
* November 25 - John Armstrong, Jr., U.S. soldier and statesman (d. 1843)
* December 5 - George Beauclerk, 4th Duke of St Albans (d. 1787)
* December 9 - Richard Colt Hoare, English antiquarian and archaeologist (d. 1838)
* December 21 - Jean Baptiste Eblé, French general (d. 1812)
* December 23 - John M. Vining, U.S. Representative for Delaware (d. 1802)
*"date unknown"
**Charles d'Abancour, French statesman (d. 1792)
**Georges Antoine Chabot, French jurist and statesman (d. 1819)
**Vincenzo, Count Dandolo, Italian chemist and agriculturist (d. 1819)
**Nicholas Fish, U.S. Revolutionary soldier (d. 1833)
**Anthimos Gazis, Greek scholar and philosopher (d. 1828)
**Thomas Gisbourne, Anglican priest and abolitionist (d. 1846)
**Samuel Hardy, U.S. lawyer and statesman from Virginia (d. 1785)
**Jamphel Gyatso, 8th Dalai Lama (d. 1804)
**Charles Lee, U.S. Attorney General (d. 1815)
**Joseph McMinn, governor of Tennessee (d. 1824)
**Samuel Sterett, U.S. Representative for Maryland (d. 1833)
**Watkin Tench, British Marine officer (d. 1833)
**Jane West, English writer (d. 1852)
**Samuel Whitbread, English politician (d. 1815)
*"probable" - Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (d. c. 1819)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 7 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (b. 1686)
* January 17 - James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish peer (b. 1724)
* January 18 - François Nicole, French mathematician (b. 1683)
* February 10 - Thomas Ripley, English architect (b. 1683)
* March 2 - Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (b. 1679)
* March 6 - Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. c. 1705)
* March 18 - Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1693)
* March 22
**Jonathan Edwards, U.S. minister (b. 1703)
**Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (b. 1670)
* April 7 - Joseph Blanchard, American soldier (b. 1704)
* April 22 - Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
* April 30 - François d'Agincourt, French composer (b. 1684)
* May 3 - Pope Benedict XIV (b. 1675)
* May 28 - Ernst August II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach (b. 1737)
* June 3 - Charles Butler, 1st Earl of Arran (b. 1671)
* June 9 - Antonio de los Reyes Correa, Puerto Rican soldier
* June 12 - Prince Augustus William of Prussia (b. 1722)
* July 6 - George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general (in battle) (b. c. 1725)
* July 15 - Ambrosius Stub, Danish poet (b. 1705)
* July 18 - Duncan Campbell, Scottish soldier
* August 2 - George Booth, 2nd Earl of Warrington (b. 1675)
* August 15 - Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (b. 1698)
* August 17 - Stepan Fedorovich Apraksin, Russian soldier (b. 1702)
* August 27 - Barbara of Portugal, Princess of Portugal and Queen of Spain (b. 1711)
* September 5 - Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov, Russian chemist (b. c. 1720)
* September 23 - John FitzPatrick, 1st Earl of Upper Ossory (b. 1719)
* October 12 - Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
* October 14
**Wilhelmine of Bayreuth, daughter of Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (b. 1709)
**Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
* October 20 - Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, British politician (b. 1706)
* November 5 - Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
* November 12 - John Cockburn, Scottish politician
* November 20 - Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (b. 1694)
* November 22 - Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, English politician (b. 1680)
* December 5 - Johann Friedrich Fasch, German composer (b. 1688)
* December 12 - Françoise de Graffigny, French lettrist (b. 1695)
* December 15 - John Dyer, Welsh poet (b. 1699)
* December 16 - Andrzej Stanisław Załuski, Polish-Lithuanian bishop (b. 1695)
* December 25 - James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (b. 1714)
* December 26 - François Joseph Lagrange-Chancel, French dramatist and satirist (b. 1677)
*"date unknown"
**Theophilus Cibber, English actor (b. 1703)
**François Mackandal, Haitian revolutionary leader
**Nathaniel Meserve, American shipwright (b. 1704)
**Philip Southcote, English landscape gardener (b. 1698)
**Marthanda Varma, Rani of Attingal (b. 1706)

: "See also ."


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