Fishing Cat

Fishing Cat

Taxobox
name = Fishing CatMSW3 Wozencraft | pages = 544]
status = EN
trend = down
status_system = iucn3.1
status_ref = IUCN2008|assessors=Sanderson, J., Wilting, A., Sunarto, Khan, J., Mukherjee, S. & Howard, J.|year=2008|id=18150|title=Prionailurus viverrinus|downloaded=2008-10-06 Database entry includes justification for why this species is endangered]


regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Carnivora
familia = Felidae
genus = "Prionailurus"
species = "P. viverrinus"
binomial = "Prionailurus viverrinus"
binomial_authority = (Bennett, 1833)

The Fishing Cat ("Prionailurus viverrinus") is a medium-sized cat whose habitat range extends through Indochina, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sumatra and Java. Its fur has an olive-grey color and dark spots roughly arranged in longitudinal stripes. [http://www.mnzoo.com/animals/tropics_trail/fcat_1.asp Minnesota Zoo] ] The face has a distinctly flat-nosed appearance. The size is variable; while in India it is 80 cm, or 32 in, (and 30 cm, 12 in, tail), in Indonesia, it is only 65 cm, or 26 in, (25 cm, 10 in, tall). Indian individuals usually range up to 11.7 kg (26 lbs), while in Indonesia common weights are approximately 6 kg (13 lbs). They are stocky of build with medium short legs, and a short muscular tail of one half to one third of their head and body length.

Like its closest relative, the Leopard Cat, the Fishing Cat lives along rivers, brooks and mangrove swamps. It is perhaps better adapted to this habitat, since it swims often and skillfully.

As the name implies, fish is the main prey of this cat, of which it hunts about 10 different species. It also hunts other aquatic animals such as frogs or crayfish, and terrestrial animals such as rodents and birds. The inter-digital webs on its paws help the cat gain better traction in muddy environments and water, like other mammals in semi-aquatic environments.

Captive Fishing Cats can be seen at 22 different North American institutions. By December 2005, there were 72 Fishing Cats in these institutions.

Fishing Cat in Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, the Fishing Cat is known as Handun Diviya or Kola Diviya. [ [http://www.animalinfo.org/species/carnivor/priovive.htm http://www.animalinfo.org] ] The terms 'Handun Diviya' and 'Kola Diviya' are also used by the local community to refer to the Rusty-spotted Cat "(Prionailurus rubiginosus)", another little-known small cat in suburban habitats of Sri Lanka. Both animals are nocturnal and elusive and therefore distinct identity as to which one is referred as 'Handun Diviya' is arguable. [ [http://nationalzoo.si.edu/ConservationAndScience/TropicalEcosystems/CatsSriLanka/default.cfm http://nationalzoo.si.edu] ]

References

External links

*ARKive - [http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/mammals/Prionailurus_viverrinus/ images and movies of the fishing cat "(Prionailurus viverrinus)"]


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