Abercarn

infobox UK place
country = Wales
latitude=51.64561
longitude=-3.13447
welsh_name=
constituency_welsh_assembly=
official_name= Abercarn
unitary_wales= Caerphilly
lieutenancy_wales= Gwent
constituency_westminster= Islwyn
post_town= NEWPORT
postcode_district = NP11
postcode_area= NP
dial_code= 01495
os_grid_reference= ST216947
population=4793
population_ref=(2001 census [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=801702&c=abercarn&d=16&e=15&g=419940&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Office for National Statistics Parish Headcounts: Abercarn] ] )

Abercarn is a small town [ [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/423423 Gwyddon Road, Abercarn:: OS grid ST2194 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square! ] ] community in Caerphilly county borough, Wales, 10 miles (16 km) north-west of Newport on the A467 between Cwmcarn and Newbridge, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire.

History

The district was traditionally associated with the coal mining collieries, ironworks and tinplate works of the South Wales coalfield and South Wales Valleys, although all have now nowrap|closed; [ [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/199469 Post Office: Abercarn Royal Mail Sorting Office:: OS grid ST2194 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square! ] ] the town, which lies in the middle portion of the Ebbw valley, being situated on the south-eastern flank of the once great mining region of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. [ [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/423436 Jamesville, Abercarn:: OS grid ST2193 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square! ] ]

Local government

The area was part of the ancient Monmouthshire parish of Mynyddislwyn until the late 19th century. In 1892 a local board of health and local government district of Abercarn was formed. [Formed as Newbridge local board and local government district on March 17, 1892, renamed Abercarn on July 4 of the same year. County Census Report 1670, Monmouthshire] This became Abercarn urban district in 1894, governed by an urban district council of twelve members. Under the Local Government Act 1972 the urban district was abolished in 1974, becoming part of the borough of Islwyn, Gwent. Further local government organisation in 1996 placed the area in the county borough of Caerphilly. The former urban district corresponds to the three communities of Abercarn, Crumlin and Newbridge.

port

Abercarn is home to Abercarn Rugby Club which is a member of the Welsh Rugby Union.

ee also

[http://www.welshcoalmines.co.uk Welsh Coal Mines] - details of all the local pits.

References

*1911


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