Laurus camphora
Camphor Cam"phor (k[a^]m"f[~e]r), n. [OE. camfere, F. camphre (cf. It. canfora, Sp. camfora, alcanfor, LL. canfora, camphora, NGr. kafoyra`), fr. Ar. k[=a]f[=u]r, prob. fr. Skr. karp[=u]ra.] 1. A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the {Laurus} family, esp. from {Cinnamomum camphara} (the {Laurus camphora} of Linn[ae]us.). Camphor, {C10H16O}, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative. [1913 Webster]

2. originally, a gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree ({Dryobalanops aromatica} formerly {Dryobalanops camphora}) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; now applied to its main constituent, a terpene alcohol obtainable as a white solid {C10H18O}, called also {Borneo camphor}, {Malay camphor}, {Malayan camphor}, {camphor of Borneo}, {Sumatra camphor}, {bornyl alcohol}, {camphol}, and {borneol}. The isomer from {Dryobalanops} is dextrorotatory; the levoratatory form is obtainable from other species of plants, and the racemic mixture may be obtained by reduction of camphor. It is used in perfumery, and for manufacture of its esters. See {Borneol}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Note: The name camphor is also applied to a number of bodies of similar appearance and properties, as {cedar camphor}, obtained from the red or pencil cedar ({Juniperus Virginiana}), and {peppermint camphor}, or {menthol}, obtained from the oil of peppermint. [1913 Webster]

{Camphor oil} (Chem.), name variously given to certain oil-like products, obtained especially from the camphor tree.

{Camphor tree}, a large evergreen tree ({Cinnamomum Camphora}) with lax, smooth branches and shining triple-nerved lanceolate leaves, probably native in China, but now cultivated in most warm countries. Camphor is collected by a process of steaming the chips of the wood and subliming the product. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laurus camphora — kamparinis cinamonas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Lauramedinių šeimos medieninis, vaistinis augalas (Cinnamomum camphora), iš kurio gaunamas eterinis aliejus. Paplitęs rytų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Cinnamomum camphora; Laurus camphora… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Laurus camphora L. — Symbol CICA Synonym Symbol LACA12 Botanical Family Lauraceae …   Scientific plant list

  • CAMPHORA — КАМФОРА — Исходное растение. Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Nees et Eberm. Камфорный лавр (камфорная корица).Синонимы. Camphora officinarum С. G. Nees, Laurus camphora L.Сем. Lauraceae Лавровые.Распространение. Китай и Япония. Разводится как декоративное дерево… …   Справочник по гомеопатии

  • Camphŏra — Camphŏra, 1) (C. Nees.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Laurineae Camphoreae, 1. Ord. 9. Kl. L.; aus mehreren Arten der Gattung Laurus L. gebildet. Merkwürdige Arten: C. officinalis (Laurus C. L. Campherbaum), großer Baum in China, Japan,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Laurus — (L. L.), Lorbeer, Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Laurineen, 1. Ordn. 9. Kl. L.; Arten: L. benzoin (Benzoin odorifera Nees), auch bei uns im Freien dauernder Baum, mit zierlichen, gelben Blüthen, sonst wegen des ähnlichen Geruchs der Blätter… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cinnamomum Camphora — Camphor Cam phor (k[a^]m f[ e]r), n. [OE. camfere, F. camphre (cf. It. canfora, Sp. camfora, alcanfor, LL. canfora, camphora, NGr. kafoyra ), fr. Ar. k[=a]f[=u]r, prob. fr. Skr. karp[=u]ra.] 1. A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dryobalanops camphora — Camphor Cam phor (k[a^]m f[ e]r), n. [OE. camfere, F. camphre (cf. It. canfora, Sp. camfora, alcanfor, LL. canfora, camphora, NGr. kafoyra ), fr. Ar. k[=a]f[=u]r, prob. fr. Skr. karp[=u]ra.] 1. A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cinnamomum camphora —   Alcanforero Un viej …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cinnamomum camphora — Camphrier Camphrier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA (L.) NEES ET EBERM. - КОРИЧНИК КАМФАРНЫЙ, КАМФАРНЫЙ ЛАВР — см. 332. Дерево. С. camphora (L.) Nees et Eberm. К. камфарный, Камфарный лавр Handb. Med. Pharm. Bot. II (1831) 340. Wealth of India II (1950) 73, f. 73. Дер. и куст. III (1954) 115. Дгебуадзе (1955) 38. Ненарокомов (1957) 106. Атлас лек. раст.… …   Справочник растений

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