hydrogen bond

hydrogen bond
Bond Bond (b[o^]nd), n. [The same word as band. Cf. {Band}, {Bend}.] 1. That which binds, ties, fastens, or confines, or by which anything is fastened or bound, as a cord, chain, etc.; a band; a ligament; a shackle or a manacle. [1913 Webster]

Gnawing with my teeth my bonds in sunder, I gained my freedom. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. pl. The state of being bound; imprisonment; captivity, restraint. ``This man doeth nothing worthy of death or of bonds.'' --Acts xxvi. [1913 Webster]

3. A binding force or influence; a cause of union; a uniting tie; as, the bonds of fellowship. [1913 Webster]

A people with whom I have no tie but the common bond of mankind. --Burke. [1913 Webster]

4. Moral or political duty or obligation. [1913 Webster]

I love your majesty According to my bond, nor more nor less. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

5. (Law) A writing under seal, by which a person binds himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, to pay a certain sum on or before a future day appointed. This is a {single bond}. But usually a condition is added, that, if the obligor shall do a certain act, appear at a certain place, conform to certain rules, faithfully perform certain duties, or pay a certain sum of money, on or before a time specified, the obligation shall be void; otherwise it shall remain in full force. If the condition is not performed, the bond becomes forfeited, and the obligor and his heirs are liable to the payment of the whole sum. --Bouvier. --Wharton. [1913 Webster]

6. A financial instrument (of the nature of the ordinary legal bond) made by a government or a corporation for purpose of borrowing money; a written promise to pay a specific sum of money on or before a specified day, given in return for a sum of money; as, a government, city, or railway bond. [1913 Webster]

7. The state of goods placed in a bonded warehouse till the duties are paid; as, merchandise in bond. [1913 Webster]

8. (Arch.) The union or tie of the several stones or bricks forming a wall. The bricks may be arranged for this purpose in several different ways, as in {English bond} or {block bond} (Fig. 1), where one course consists of bricks with their ends toward the face of the wall, called headers, and the next course of bricks with their lengths parallel to the face of the wall, called stretchers; Flemish bond (Fig.2), where each course consists of headers and stretchers alternately, so laid as always to break joints; Cross bond, which differs from the English by the change of the second stretcher line so that its joints come in the middle of the first, and the same position of stretchers comes back every fifth line; Combined cross and English bond, where the inner part of the wall is laid in the one method, the outer in the other. [1913 Webster]

9. (Chem.) A unit of chemical attraction between atoms; as, oxygen has two bonds of affinity. Also called {chemical bond}. It is often represented in graphic formul[ae] by a short line or dash. See Diagram of {Benzene nucleus}, and {Valence}. Several types of bond are distinguished by chemists, as {double bond}, {triple bond}, {covalent bond}, {hydrogen bond}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

10. (Elec.) A heavy copper wire or rod connecting adjacent rails of an electric railway track when used as a part of the electric circuit. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

11. League; association; confederacy. [South Africa] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Africander Bond, a league or association appealing to African, but practically to Boer, patriotism. --James Bryce. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Arbitration bond}. See under {Arbitration}.

{Bond creditor} (Law), a creditor whose debt is secured by a bond. --Blackstone.

{covalent bond}, an attractive force between two atoms of a molecule generated by the merging of an electron orbital of each atom into a combined orbital in the molecule. Such bonds vary in strength, but in molecules of substances typically encountered in human experience (as, water or alcohol) they are sufficiently strong to persist and maintain the identity and integrity of the molecule over appreciable periods of time. Each such bond satisfies one unit of {valence} for each of the atoms thus bonded. Contrasted with {hydrogen bond}, which is weaker and does not satisfy the valence of either atom involved.

{double bond}, {triple bond}, a {covalent bond} which involves the merging of orbitals of two (or three) electrons on each of the two connected atoms, thus satisfying two (or three) units of valence on each of the bonded atoms. When two carbon atoms are thus bonded, the bond (and the compound) are said to be unsaturated.

{Bond debt} (Law), a debt contracted under the obligation of a bond. --Burrows.

{hydrogen bond}, a non-covalent bond between hydrogen and another atom, usually oxygen or nitrogen. It does not involve the sharing of electrons between the bonded atoms, and therefore does not satisfy the valence of either atom. Hydrogen bonds are weak (ca. 5 kcal/mol) and may be frequently broken and reformed in solution at room temperature.

{Bond of a slate} or {lap of a slate}, the distance between the top of one slate and the bottom or drip of the second slate above, i. e., the space which is covered with three thicknesses; also, the distance between the nail of the under slate and the lower edge of the upper slate.

{Bond timber}, timber worked into a wall to tie or strengthen it longitudinally. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Syn: Chains; fetters; captivity; imprisonment. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hydrogen bond — n an electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen atom in one polar molecule (as of water) and a small electronegative atom (as of oxygen, nitrogen, or fluorine) in usu. another molecule of the same or a different polar substance hydrogen bonding… …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrogen bond — n. a weak chemical bond formed through a hydrogen atom, esp. if bridging two similar electronegative atoms or groups from two different molecules …   English World dictionary

  • hydrogen bond — hydrogen bond. См. водородная связь. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Hydrogen bond — A hydrogen bond results from a dipole dipole force between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom bonded to nitrogen, oxygen or fluorine (thus the name hydrogen bond , which must not be confused with a covalent bond to hydrogen). The energy… …   Wikipedia

  • hydrogen bond — vandenilinis ryšys statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Ryšys tarp laisvą elektronų porą turinčio elektriškai neigiamesnio atomo ir vandenilio atomo, prijungto prie kito, elektriškai neigiamesnio atomo. atitikmenys: angl. hydrogen bond rus.… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrogen bond — vandeniliškasis ryšys statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. hydrogen bond vok. Wasserstoffbindung, f; Wasserstoffbrückenverbindung, f rus. водородная связь, f pranc. liaison d’hydrogène, f; liaison hydrogène, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • hydrogen bond — 1. noun A weak bond in which a hydrogen atom in one molecule is attracted to an electronegative atom (usually nitrogen or oxygen) in the same or different molecule. 2. verb …   Wiktionary

  • hydrogen bond — noun a chemical bond consisting of a hydrogen atom between two electronegative atoms (e.g., oxygen or nitrogen) with one side be a covalent bond and the other being an ionic bond (Freq. 4) • Hypernyms: ↑chemical bond, ↑bond …   Useful english dictionary

  • hydrogen bond — hy′drogen bond n. chem. an electrostatic bond between a hydrogen atom in a covalent bond and an electronegative atom, as oxygen …   From formal English to slang

  • hydrogen bond — a weak electrostatic bond formed by linking a hydrogen atom between two electronegative atoms (e.g. nitrogen or oxygen). The large number of hydrogen bonds in proteins and nucleic acids are responsible for maintaining the stable molecular… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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