anthrax
Carbuncle Car"bun*cle, n. [L. carbunculus a little coal, a bright kind of precious stone, a kind of tumor, dim. of carbo coal: cf. F. carboncle. See {Carbon}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Min.) A beautiful gem of a deep red color (with a mixture of scarlet) called by the Greeks anthrax; found in the East Indies. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge, and becomes of the color of burning coal. The name belongs for the most part to ruby sapphire, though it has been also given to red spinel and garnet. [1913 Webster]

2. (Med.) A very painful acute local inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, esp. of the trunk or back of the neck, characterized by brawny hardness of the affected parts, sloughing of the skin and deeper tissues, and marked constitutional depression. It differs from a boil in size, tendency to spread, and the absence of a central core, and is frequently fatal. It is also called {anthrax}. [1913 Webster]

3. (Her.) A charge or bearing supposed to represent the precious stone. It has eight scepters or staves radiating from a common center. Called also {escarbuncle}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anthrax — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la enfermedad, véase Carbunco. Anthrax Información personal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anthrax — Основная информация …   Википедия

  • anthrax — [ ɑ̃traks ] n. m. • antrac 1495; mot lat. et gr. ♦ Amas de plusieurs furoncles, avec nécrose de la partie centrale. ⊗ HOM. Entraxe. ● anthrax nom masculin (grec anthraks, charbon, ulcère) Agglomérat de plusieurs furoncles formant de gros nodules… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Anthrax — (Άνθραξ), griechisch für Kohle, bezeichnet: Anthrax (Band), eine Thrash Metal Band Anthrazit eine hochwertige Kohlesorte Milzbrand, eine Infektionskrankheit Anthrax (Gattung), eine Gattung der Wollschweber Karbunkel Siehe auch:  Wiktionary:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ANTHRAX — Graece Α῎νθραξ, nomen ardentium gemmarum quarum principatum obtinet, qui Anthrax proprie dictus est. Strabo l. 15. de India, Φέρει δὲ καὶ λιθίαν ἡ χῶρα πολυτελῆ κρυςτάλλων, καὶ ἀνθράκων παντοίων, ἔτι δὲ καὶ μαργαριτῶν: ubi nomine κρυςτάλλων,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • anthrax — (n.) late 14c., any severe boil or carbuncle, from Latin, from Gk. anthrax charcoal, live coal, also carbuncle, of unknown origin. Specific sense of the malignant disease in sheep and cattle (and occasionally humans) is from 1876 …   Etymology dictionary

  • anthrax — ► NOUN ▪ a serious bacterial disease of sheep and cattle, able to be transmitted to humans. ORIGIN Greek anthrax coal, carbuncle …   English terms dictionary

  • anthrax — [an′thraks΄] n. pl. anthraces [an′thrə sēz΄] [ME antrax < L anthrax, virulent ulcer < Gr (burning) coal, hence ulcer, carbuncle] 1. an infectious hemorrhagic disease of wild and domesticated animals, esp. cattle and sheep, which is caused… …   English World dictionary

  • Anthrax — An thrax, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? coal, carbuncle.] 1. (Med.) (a) A carbuncle. (b) A malignant pustule. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism ({Bacillus anthracis}), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under {Bacillus}.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anthrax — Anthrax, soviel wie Milzbrand; auch ein Mineral, s. Korund …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anthrax — (grch.), s. Karbunkel und Milzbrand …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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