Animal spirits

Animal spirits
Animal An"i*mal, a. [Cf. F. animal.] 1. Of or relating to animals; as, animal functions. [1913 Webster]

2. Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or spiritual part; as, the animal passions or appetites. [1913 Webster]

3. Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, animal food. [1913 Webster]

{Animal magnetism}. See {Magnetism} and {Mesmerism}.

{Animal electricity}, the electricity developed in some animals, as the electric eel, torpedo, etc.

{Animal flower} (Zo["o]l.), a name given to certain marine animals resembling a flower, as any species of actinia or sea anemone, and other Anthozoa, hydroids, starfishes, etc.

{Animal heat} (Physiol.), the heat generated in the body of a living animal, by means of which the animal is kept at nearly a uniform temperature.

{Animal spirits}. See under {Spirit}.

{Animal kingdom}, the whole class of beings endowed with animal life. It embraces several subkingdoms, and under these there are Classes, Orders, Families, Genera, Species, and sometimes intermediate groupings, all in regular subordination, but variously arranged by different writers.

Note: The following are the grand divisions, or subkingdoms, and the principal classes under them, generally recognized at the present time: {Vertebrata}, including Mammalia or Mammals, Aves or Birds, Reptilia, Amphibia, Pisces or Fishes, Marsipobranchiata (Craniota); and Leptocardia (Acrania). {Tunicata}, including the {Thaliacea}, and {Ascidioidea} or Ascidians. {Articulata} or {Annulosa}, including Insecta, Myriapoda, Malacapoda, Arachnida, Pycnogonida, Merostomata, Crustacea (Arthropoda); and Annelida, Gehyrea (Anarthropoda). {Helminthes} or {Vermes}, including Rotifera, Ch[ae]tognatha, Nematoidea, Acanthocephala, Nemertina, Turbellaria, Trematoda, Cestoidea, Mesozea. {Molluscoidea}, including Brachiopoda and Bryozoa. {Mollusca}, including Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, Pteropoda, Scaphopoda, Lamellibranchiata or Acephala. {Echinodermata}, including Holothurioidea, Echinoidea, Asterioidea, Ophiuroidea, and Crinoidea. {C[oe]lenterata}, including {Anthozoa} or {Polyps}, {Ctenophora}, and {Hydrozoa} or Acalephs. {Spongiozoa} or {Porifera}, including the sponges. {Protozoa}, including {Infusoria} and {Rhizopoda}. For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • animal spirits — n. healthy, lively vigor …   English World dictionary

  • Animal Spirits — Als Animal Spirits (dt. ‚animalische Instinkte‘[1], manchmal auch „etwas flach“ mit ‚Lebensgeister‘ wiedergegeben‘[2]) werden irrationale Elemente im Wirtschaftsgeschehen, wie unreflektierte Instinkte, Emotionen und Herdenverhalten bezeichnet,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Animal Spirits — A term used to describe stock market optimism. Reporting on a strong start to 2010 for stock markets and Asian and European manufacturers, Ian McGugan asked in The Financial Post: Could it be that optimism is coming back into fashion? John… …   Dictionary of unconsidered lexicographical trifles

  • Animal spirits — Spirit Spir it, n. [OF. espirit, esperit, F. esprit, L. spiritus, from spirare to breathe, to blow. Cf. {Conspire}, {Expire}, {Esprit}, {Sprite}.] 1. Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself. [Obs.] All of spirit… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Animal Spirits — A term used by John Maynard Keynes used in one of his economics books. In his 1936 publication, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, the term animal spirits is used to describe human emotion that drives consumer confidence.… …   Investment dictionary

  • animal spirits — noun plural Etymology: Latin animalis animate more at animal 1. sometiems animal spirit obsolete : the nervous energy that is the source of physical sensation and movement 2. [influenced in meanin …   Useful english dictionary

  • animal spirits — exuberance arising from an excess of energy; vivacity and good humor: The children romped on the lawn, full of animal spirits. [1535 45] * * * …   Universalium

  • animal spirits — noun After Keynes (citation 1936, above), the emotional and intuitive factors that drive business decisions whether to make investment gambles. This is likewise evident in such as walk in the night in their sleep, and do strange feats: these… …   Wiktionary

  • animal spirits — animal beings; wildlife; animals as creatures that deserve to live and not be abused …   English contemporary dictionary

  • animal spirits — Synonyms and related words: animate existence, animation, being alive, birth, capersomeness, coltishness, elan, esprit, existence, exuberance, friskiness, frolicsomeness, gaiety, gamesomeness, gayness, gusto, having life, heartiness, immortality …   Moby Thesaurus

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