Cephalopoda Ceph`a*lop"o*da (s[e^]f`[.a]*l[o^]p"[-o]*d[.a]), n. pl. [NL., gr. Gr. kefalh` head + -poda: cf. F. c['e]phalopode.] (Zo["o]l.) The highest class of Mollusca. [1913 Webster]

Note: They have, around the front of the head, a group of elongated muscular arms, which are usually furnished with prehensile suckers or hooks. The head is highly developed, with large, well organized eyes and ears, and usually with a cartilaginous brain case. The higher forms, as the cuttlefishes, squids, and octopi, swim rapidly by ejecting a jet of water from the tubular siphon beneath the head. They have a pair of powerful horny jaws shaped like a parrot's beak, and a bag of inklike fluid which they can eject from the siphon, thus clouding the water in order to escape from their enemies. They are divided into two orders, the {Dibranchiata}, having two gills and eight or ten sucker-bearing arms, and the {Tetrabranchiata}, with four gills and numerous arms without suckers. The latter are all extinct except the {Nautilus}. See {Octopus}, {Squid}, {Nautilus}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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