Digitalis purpurea
digoxin di*gox"in, n. (Chem.) a steroid glycoside, one of the cardiotonic chemical substances which is extracted from the foxglove. It is a white, crystalline substance ({C41H64O14}), and is a 3-substituted triglucoside of a steroid, related structurally to digitalin and digitoxin. It is used as a cardiotonic for treatment of certain heart conditions, such as congestive heart failure. Chemically it is

(3[beta],5[beta],12[beta])-3-[(O-2,6-Dideoxy-[beta]-D-ribo-hexopyranosyl-(1->4)-O-2,6-dideoxy-[beta]-D-ribo-hexopyranosyl-(1->4)-2 , 6-dideoxy-[beta]-D-ribo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-12,14-dihydroxy-card-20(22)-enolide. The related compounds {digitalin} and {digoxin} are also extracted from the foxglove ({Digitalis lanata} and {Digitalis purpurea}). The class of steroid glycosides having cardiotonic properties are refered to as the cardiac glycosides. --MI11 [PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Digitalis purpurea — Digitalis Dig i*ta lis, n. [NL.: cf. F. digitale. So named (according to Linn[ae]us) from its finger shaped corolla.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of plants of the family {Schrophulariaceae}, including the foxglove. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) The dried leaves …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Digitalis purpurea —   Digital …   Wikipedia Español

  • Digitalis purpurea — This article is about the flowering plant. For the band, see Digitalis Purpurea (band). Digitalis purpurea Digitalis purpurea (Common Foxglove) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Digitalis purpurea — Digitale pourpre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Digitalis purpurea — Digitale pourpre Digitale pourpre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Digitalis purpurea — Roter Fingerhut Roter Fingerhut (Digitalis purpurea) Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpollen Zweikeimblättrige (Rosopsida) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Digitalis purpurea — fingerroot fingerroot n. tall leafy European biennial or perennial ({Digitalis purpurea}) having spectacular clusters of large tubular pink purple flowers; its leaves yield the drug digitalis and are poisonous to livestock. Syn: common foxglove,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Digitalis purpurea — fingerroot fingerroot n. tall leafy European biennial or perennial ({Digitalis purpurea}) having spectacular clusters of large tubular pink purple flowers; its leaves yield the drug digitalis and are poisonous to livestock. Syn: common foxglove,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Digitalis purpurea — paprastoji rusmenė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bervidinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Digitalis purpurea), paplitęs pietų Europoje ir šiaurės Afrikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Digitalis purpurea angl. common foxglove;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Digitalis purpurea — digitalin dig i*ta lin, n. [Cf. F. digitaline.] (a) (Medicine, Pharmacy) Any one of several extracts of foxglove ({Digitalis}), as the French extract, the German extract, etc., which differ among themselves in composition and properties. Both… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Digitalis purpurea — Foxglove Fox glove , n. [AS. foxes gl[=o]fa, foxes cl[=o]fa,foxes clife.] (Bot.) Any plant of the genus {Digitalis}. The common English foxglove ({Digitalis purpurea}) is a handsome perennial or biennial plant, whose leaves are used as a powerful …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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