deviation
deviation de`vi*a"tion, n. [LL. deviatio: cf. F. d['e]viation.] 1. The act of deviating; a wandering from the way; variation from the common way, from an established rule, etc.; departure, as from the right course or the path of duty. [1913 Webster]

2. The state or result of having deviated; a transgression; an act of sin; an error; an offense. [1913 Webster]

3. (Com.) The voluntary and unnecessary departure of a ship from, or delay in, the regular and usual course of the specific voyage insured, thus releasing the underwriters from their responsibility. [1913 Webster]

4. (Statistics, Physics) the difference between an expected value of an observation or measurement and the actual value. [PJC]

{Deviation of a falling body} (Physics), that deviation from a strictly vertical line of descent which occurs in a body falling freely, in consequence of the rotation of the earth.

{Deviation of the compass}, the angle which the needle of a ship's compass makes with the magnetic meridian by reason of the magnetism of the iron parts of the ship.

{Deviation of the line of the vertical}, the difference between the actual direction of a plumb line and the direction it would have if the earth were a perfect ellipsoid and homogeneous, -- caused by the attraction of a mountain, or irregularities in the earth's density. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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• déviation — [ devjasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1300; bas lat. deviatio I ♦ Action de dévier. 1 ♦ Action de sortir de la direction normale; son résultat. Déviation d un projectile, son écart du plan de tir. ⇒ 2. dérivation. Déviation d un navire, d un avion. ⇒ dérive.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

• Deviation — may refer to: Deviation (statistics), the difference between the value of an observation and the mean of the population in mathematics and statistics Standard deviation, which is based on the square of the difference Absolute deviation, where the …   Wikipedia

• Deviation — Déviation Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Déviation est un terme pouvant signifier : déviation de l arme adverse en sports de combat déviation vers l est, phénomène physique… …   Wikipédia en Français

• deviation — deviation, aberration, divergence, deflection denote departure or an instance of departure from a straight course or procedure or from a norm or standard. Deviation, the term of widest application, usually requires qualification or a context to… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

• deviation — I noun aberrance, aberrancy, aberration, abnormality, alteration, anomalousness, anomaly, antipathy, antithesis, branching off, breach of practice, change of direction, change of position, contrast, dedinatio, defiance of custom, departure,… …   Law dictionary

• Deviation — (lat.: deviare: „(vom Weg) abweichen“ zu via: „Weg“) steht für: Deviation (Navigation), Fehler des Magnetkompasses durch Störfelder am Fahrzeug Deviation (Seerecht), die Abweichung vom vertraglich festgelegten Reiseverlauf Deviation… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

• déviation — DÉVIATION. s. f. Détour, action par laquelle un corps se détourne de son chemin. J ai descendu la rivière sans aucune déviation. Il se dit figurément dans le même sens. Il a suivi sans déviation, dans toute sa conduite, les principes qu il s est… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

• deviation — [dē΄vē ā′shən] n. [ME deviacion < LL deviatio] the act or an instance of deviating; specif., a) sharp divergence from normal behavior b) divergence from the official ideology or policies of a political party, esp. a Communist party c) the… …   English World dictionary

• deviation — deviation. См. девиация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

• Deviation — (lat.), Abweichung von der vorgeschriebenen Richtung, bes. von Schiffen; auch s.v.w. Derivation; D. des Kompasses, der Winkel, um den der Nordpol der Kompaßnadel durch den in den Eisenteilen des Schiffs vorhandenen Magnetismus von der… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon