Conviction
Conviction Con*vic"tion (k[o^]n*v[i^]k"sh[u^]n), n. [L. convictio proof: cf. F. conviction conviction (in sense 3 & 4). See {Convict}, {Convince}.] 1. The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or adjudging, guilty of an offense. [1913 Webster]

The greater certainty of conviction and the greater certainty of punishment. --Hallam. [1913 Webster]

2. (Law) A judgment of condemnation entered by a court having jurisdiction; the act or process of finding guilty, or the state of being found guilty of any crime by a legal tribunal. [1913 Webster]

Conviction may accrue two ways. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

3. The act of convincing of error, or of compelling the admission of a truth; confutation. [1913 Webster]

For all his tedious talk is but vain boast, Or subtle shifts conviction to evade. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

4. The state of being convinced or convicted; strong persuasion or belief; especially, the state of being convicted of sin, or by one's conscience. [1913 Webster]

To call good evil, and evil good, against the conviction of their own consciences. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

And did you presently fall under the power of this conviction? --Bunyan.

Syn: {Conviction}; {persuasion}.

Usage: Conviction respects soley matters of belief or faith; persuasion respects matters of belief or practice. Conviction respects our most important duties; persuasion is frequently applied to matters of indifference. --Crabb. -- Conviction is the result of the [operation of the] understanding; persuasion, of the will. Conviction is a necessity of the mind, persuasion an acquiescence of the inclination. --C. J. Smith. -- Persuasion often induces men to act in opposition to their conviction of duty. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • conviction — [ kɔ̃viksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1579; lat. imp. convictio, de convincere → convaincre 1 ♦ Vieilli Preuve établissant la culpabilité de qqn. Conviction de mensonge. ♢ Mod. PIÈCE À CONVICTION : objet à la disposition de la justice pour fournir un élément de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • conviction — con·vic·tion n 1: the act or process of convicting; also: the final judgment entered after a finding of guilt a prior conviction of murder would not overturn the conviction compare acquittal ◇ Jurisdictions differ as to what constitutes… …   Law dictionary

  • conviction — con‧vic‧tion [kənˈvɪkʆn] noun LAW 1. [countable] a decision in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime: • Smith, who had no previous motoring convictions, had been rushing home to see his family when he hit another car. conviction for • …   Financial and business terms

  • conviction — CONVICTION. s. f. L effet qu une preuve évidente produit dans l esprit. Être dans une entière conviction. Avoir une entière conviction des vérités de la Religion. [b]f♛/b] Il se dit aussi De la preuve évidente et indubitable d une vérité, d un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • conviction — Conviction. s. f. v. Preuve évidente & indubitable d une verité, d un fait. Conviction évidente, manifeste, forte. on a long temps douté de la circulation du sang, mais l experience nous en a donné une conviction entiere. on l accuse de cette… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • conviction — [n1] belief, opinion confidence, creed, doctrine, dogma, eye, faith, feeling, judgment call, mind, persuasion, principle, reliance, say so*, sentiment, slant, tenet, view; concept 689 conviction [n2] guilty sentence; assurance assuredness,… …   New thesaurus

  • conviction — [kən vik′shən] n. [ME < LL(Ec) convictio, proof, demonstration] 1. a convicting or being convicted 2. Rare the act of convincing 3. the state or appearance of being convinced, as of the truth of a belief [to speak with conviction] 4. a strong… …   English World dictionary

  • Conviction — (v. lat. Convictio), Überführung; vgl. Criminalbeweis …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Conviction — Conviction, lat., Ueberführung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • conviction — (n.) mid 15c., the proving of guilt, from L.L. convictionem (nom. convictio) proof, refutation, noun of action from pp. stem of convincere (see CONVINCE (Cf. convince)). Meaning mental state of being convinced is from 1690s; that of firm belief,… …   Etymology dictionary

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