Chancellor of the exchequer
Exchequer Ex*cheq"uer, n. [OE. escheker, OF. eichekier, fr. LL. scaccarium. See {Checker}, {Chess}, {Check}.] 1. One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

Note: The exchequer was a court of law and equity. In the revenue department, it had jurisdiction over the proprietary rights of the crown against subjects; in the common law department, it administered justice in personal actions between subject and subject. A person proceeding against another in the revenue department was said to exchequer him. The judges of this court were one chief and four puisne barons, so styled. The Court of Exchequer Chamber sat as court of error in which the judgments of each of the superior courts of common law, in England, were subject to revision by the judges of the other two sitting collectively. Causes involving difficult questions of law were sometimes after argument, adjourned into this court from the other courts, for debate before judgment in the court below. Recent legislation in England (1880) has abolished the Court of Exchequer and the Court of Exchequer Chamber, as distinct tribunals, a single board of judiciary, the High Court of Justice, being established for the trial of all classes of civil cases. --Wharton. [1913 Webster]

2. The department of state having charge of the collection and management of the royal revenue. [Eng.] Hence, the treasury; and, colloquially, pecuniary possessions in general; as, the company's exchequer is low. [1913 Webster]

{Barons of the exchequer}. See under {Baron}.

{Chancellor of the exchequer}. See under {Chancellor}.

{Exchequer bills} or {Exchequer bonds} (Eng.), bills of money, or promissory bills, issued from the exchequer by authority of Parliament; a species of paper currency emitted under the authority of the government, and bearing interest. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — Arms of Her Majesty s Government Her Majesty s Treasury …   Wikipedia

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — Chan‧cel‧lor of the Ex‧cheq‧uer [ˌtʆɑːnslər əv ði ɪksˈtʆekə ǁ ˌtʆænslər əv ði ɪksˈtʆekər] also Chancellor noun Chancellors of the Exchequer PLURALFORM [countable usually singular] ECONOMICS JOBS the British government minister in charge of… …   Financial and business terms

  • Chancellor of the exchequer — Chancellor Chan cel*lor, n. [OE. canceler, chaunceler, F. chancelier, LL. cancellarius chancellor, a director of chancery, fr. L. cancelli lattices, crossbars, which surrounded the seat of judgment. See {Chancel}.] A judicial court of chancery,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer —    The Chancellor is the title held by the Cabinet minister who controls HM Treasury and is responsible for all economic and financial matters. He (all Chancellors to date have been men) also has oversight of public spending across government… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — n. the minister of finance in the British government, a member of the Cabinet …   English World dictionary

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — ► NOUN ▪ the finance minister of the United Kingdom …   English terms dictionary

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — Schatzkanzler (engl. Chancellor of the Exchequer) ist die Bezeichnung für das britische Regierungsmitglied, das die Treasury (das Finanz und Wirtschaftsministerium) leitet. Da ihm ein Verantwortungsbereich zugeordnet ist, der in anderen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms Chancellor of the Exchequer : singular Chancellor of the Exchequer plural Chancellors of the Exchequer the member of the British government who is responsible for taxes and for deciding how the government… …   English dictionary

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — noun the British cabinet minister responsible for finance • Syn: ↑Chancellor • Hypernyms: ↑cabinet minister • Member Holonyms: ↑British Cabinet * * * noun, pl Chancellors of the Exchequer [count] : an official in the British government who is in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chancellor of the Exchequer — Chancellors of the Exchequer N COUNT The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the minister in the British government who makes decisions about finance and taxes …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”