capital
capital cap"i*tal (k[a^]p"[i^]*tal), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See {chief}, and cf. {cattle}, {chattel}, {chapiter}, {chapter}.] 1. (Arch.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus, bell (or vase), and necking. See these terms, and {Column}. [1913 Webster]

2. [Cf. F. capilate, fem., sc. ville.] (Geog.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis. ``A busy and splendid capital'' --Macauly. [1913 Webster]

3. [Cf. F. capital.] Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See {Capital stock}, under {Capital}, a. [1913 Webster]

4. (Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production. --M'Culloch. [1913 Webster]

Note: When wealth is used to assist production it is called capital. The capital of a civilized community includes {fixed capital} (i.e. buildings, machines, and roads used in the course of production and exchange) and {circulating capital} (i.e., food, fuel, money, etc., spent in the course of production and exchange). --T. Raleigh. [1913 Webster]

5. Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence. [1913 Webster]

He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture. --London Times. [1913 Webster]

6. (Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts. [1913 Webster]

7. A chapter, or section, of a book. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

8. (Print.) See {Capital letter}, under {Capital}, a. [1913 Webster]

{Active capital}. See under {Active},

{Small capital} (Print.), a small capital letter; informally referred to (in the plural) as {small caps}; as, the technical terms are listed in {small caps}. See under {Capital}, a.

{To live on one's capital}, to consume one's capital without producing or accumulating anything to replace it. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • CAPITAL — La profusion des significations du terme «capital» dans l’ensemble de la littérature économique constituerait pour les linguistes un excellent exemple du peu d’aptitude de tout mot à contenir à la fois le général (ou l’essentiel) et le spécifique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • capital — cap·i·tal 1 adj [Latin capitalis, from caput head, a person s life (as forfeit)] 1 a: punishable by death capital murder b: involving execution a capital case 2 [Medieval Latin capitalis chief, principal, from Latin …   Law dictionary

  • capital — capital, ale (ka pi tal, ta l ) adj. 1°   Où il s agit de la tête ou de la vie ; qui mérite le dernier supplice. Procès capital. Intenter une accusation capitale. Condamner quelqu un à la peine capitale. •   Et Cinna vous impute à crime capital… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Capital — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término capital (del latín caput, cabeza) puede referirse a los siguientes conceptos: En derecho y finanzas, el capital es una cantidad de dinero que se presta o se impone, de la cual se distingue el interés… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Capital — Cap i*tal, a. [F. capital, L. capitalis capital (in senses 1 & 2), fr. caput head. See {Chief}, and cf. {Capital}, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to the head. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capital — Beschreibung Wirtschaftszeitschrift Sprache Deutsch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capital — adjetivo 1. (antepuesto / pospuesto) Que tiene mucha importancia: error capital. Este asunto tiene un interés capital para mí. Tu opinión es de capital importancia para todos nosotros. pecado* capital. pena* capital. adjetivo,sustantivo femenino… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • capital — (Del lat. capitālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a la cabeza. 2. En la doctrina cristiana, se dice de los siete pecados o vicios que son cabeza u origen de otros; como la soberbia. 3. Dicho de una población: Principal y cabeza de un Estado …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • capital — capital1 [kap′ət l] adj. [ME & OFr < L capitalis, of the head < caput, HEAD] 1. involving or punishable by death (originally by decapitation) [a capital offense] 2. most important or most serious; principal; chief [a capital virtue] 3. of… …   English World dictionary

  • capital — CAPITAL, ALE. adj. Prineipal. C est là le point capital de cette affaire. Cette clause est capitale dans ce contrat. Paris est la ville capitale de la France. La capitale d un Royaume. En cette phrase, Capitale est substantif. f♛/b] On appelle… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

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