Buffalo Buf"fa*lo, n.; pl. {Buffaloes}. [Sp. bufalo (cf. It. bufalo, F. buffle), fr. L. bubalus, bufalus, a kind of African stag or gazelle; also, the buffalo or wild ox, fr. Gr. ? buffalo, prob. fr. ? ox. See {Cow} the animal, and cf. {Buff} the color, and {Bubale}.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) A species of the genus {Bos} or {Bubalus} ({Bubalus bubalus}), originally from India, but now found in most of the warmer countries of the eastern continent. It is larger and less docile than the common ox, and is fond of marshy places and rivers. [1913 Webster]

2. (Zo["o]l.) A very large and savage species of the same genus ({Syncerus Caffer} syn. {Bubalus Caffer}) found in South Africa; -- called also {Cape buffalo}. [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) Any species of wild ox. [1913 Webster]

4. (Zo["o]l.) The bison of North America. [1913 Webster]

5. A buffalo robe. See {Buffalo robe}, below. [1913 Webster]

6. (Zo["o]l.) The buffalo fish. See {Buffalofish}, below. [1913 Webster]

{Buffalo berry} (Bot.), a shrub of the Upper Missouri ({Sherherdia argentea}) with acid edible red berries.

{Buffalo bird} (Zo["o]l.), an African bird of the genus {Buphaga}, of two species. These birds perch upon buffaloes and cattle, in search of parasites.

{Buffalo bug}, the carpet beetle. See under {Carpet}.

{Buffalo chips}, dry dung of the buffalo, or bison, used for fuel. [U.S.]

{Buffalo clover} (Bot.), a kind of clover ({Trifolium reflexum} and {Trifoliumsoloniferum}) found in the ancient grazing grounds of the American bison.

{Buffalo cod} (Zo["o]l.), a large, edible, marine fish ({Ophiodon elongatus}) of the northern Pacific coast; -- called also {blue cod}, and {cultus cod}.

{Buffalo fly}, or {Buffalo gnat} (Zo["o]l.), a small dipterous insect of the genus {Simulium}, allied to the black fly of the North. It is often extremely abundant in the lower part of the Mississippi valley and does great injury to domestic animals, often killing large numbers of cattle and horses. In Europe the Columbatz fly is a species with similar habits.

{Buffalo grass} (Bot.), a species of short, sweet grass ({Buchlo["e] dactyloides}), from two to four inches high, covering the prairies on which the buffaloes, or bisons, feed. [U.S.]

{Buffalo nut} (Bot.), the oily and drupelike fruit of an American shrub ({Pyrularia oleifera}); also, the shrub itself; oilnut.

{Buffalo robe}, the skin of the bison of North America, prepared with the hair on; -- much used as a lap robe in sleighs. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • buffalo — [buf′ə lō΄] n. pl. buffaloes, buffalo, buffalos [It bufalo < LL bufalus, var. of bubalus, wild ox < Gr boubalos, buffalo, antelope < bous, ox, COW1] 1. any of various wild oxen, sometimes domesticated, as the water buffalo of India or… …   English World dictionary

  • buffalo — ● buffalo nom masculin (anglais buffalo, du portugais búfalo) Nom donné au bison en Amérique du Nord. Buffalo v. et grand port fluv. des È. U. (état de New York), à l extrémité E. du lac érié, près du Niagara; 328 100 hab. Industries. ⇒BUFFALO,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • BUFFALO — (Heb. מְרִיא, meri; AV fat cattle or fatling ), animal which in biblical times was sacrificed and the flesh eaten (II Sam. 6:13; I Kings 1:9, 19). The Dead Sea Scroll text of Isaiah 11:6 has yimru instead of meri ( they shall pasture ) for the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Buffalo —   [ bʌfələʊ], Stadt im Bundesstaat New York, USA, am Ostende des Eriesees, am Ausfluss des Niagara River und an der Abzweigung des New York State Barge Canal, (1990) 328 100 Einwohner (1950: 580 100 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Buffalo — city in western New York state, U.S., of disputed origin (there never were buffalo thereabouts), perhaps from the name of a native chief, or a corruption of Fr. beau fleuve beautiful river. Buffalo wings finger food so called because the recipe… …   Etymology dictionary

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