White vitriol

White vitriol
Vitriol Vit"ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See {Vitreous}.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy appearance or luster. (b) Sulphuric acid; -- called also {oil of vitriol}. So called because first made by the distillation of green vitriol. See {Sulphuric acid}, under {Sulphuric}. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

{Blue vitriol}. See under {Blue}.

{Green vitriol}, ferrous sulphate; copperas. See under {Green}.

{Oil of vitriol}, sulphuric or vitriolic acid; -- popularly so called because it has the consistency of oil.

{Red vitriol}, a native sulphate of cobalt.

{Vitriol of Mars}, ferric sulphate, a white crystalline substance which dissolves in water, forming a red solution.

{White vitriol}, zinc sulphate, a white crystalline substance used in medicine and in dyeing. It is usually obtained by dissolving zinc in sulphuric acid, or by roasting and oxidizing certain zinc ores. Formerly called also {vitriol of zinc}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • White vitriol — White White (hw[imac]t), a. [Compar. {Whiter} (hw[imac]t [ e]r); superl. {Whitest}.] [OE. whit, AS. hw[imac]t; akin to OFries. and OS. hw[=i]t, D. wit, G. weiss, OHG. w[=i]z, hw[=i]z, Icel. hv[=i]tr, Sw. hvit, Dan. hvid, Goth. hweits, Lith.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • white vitriol — n. ZINC SULFATE * * * …   Universalium

  • white vitriol — n ZINC SULFATE …   Medical dictionary

  • white vitriol — n. ZINC SULFATE …   English World dictionary

  • white vitriol — noun a colorless water soluble powder; used as a mordant or to preserve wood or for the electrodeposition of zinc • Syn: ↑zinc sulfate, ↑zinc sulphate, ↑zinc vitriol • Hypernyms: ↑sulfate, ↑sulphate …   Useful english dictionary

  • white vitriol — /waɪt ˈvɪtriɒl/ (say wuyt vitreeol) noun zinc sulphate heptahydrate, ZnSO4.7H2O, a white crystalline compound, used as an antiseptic, mordant, preservative, etc …   Australian English dictionary

  • white vitriol. — See zinc sulfate. * * * …   Universalium

  • white vitriol — zinc sulfate …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • white vitriol — noun archaic crystalline zinc sulphate …   English new terms dictionary

  • white-vitriol — n. Sulphate of zinc …   New dictionary of synonyms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”