Vitriol
Vitriol Vit"ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See {Vitreous}.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy appearance or luster. (b) Sulphuric acid; -- called also {oil of vitriol}. So called because first made by the distillation of green vitriol. See {Sulphuric acid}, under {Sulphuric}. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

{Blue vitriol}. See under {Blue}.

{Green vitriol}, ferrous sulphate; copperas. See under {Green}.

{Oil of vitriol}, sulphuric or vitriolic acid; -- popularly so called because it has the consistency of oil.

{Red vitriol}, a native sulphate of cobalt.

{Vitriol of Mars}, ferric sulphate, a white crystalline substance which dissolves in water, forming a red solution.

{White vitriol}, zinc sulphate, a white crystalline substance used in medicine and in dyeing. It is usually obtained by dissolving zinc in sulphuric acid, or by roasting and oxidizing certain zinc ores. Formerly called also {vitriol of zinc}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • vitriol — [ vitrijɔl ] n. m. • XIIIe; vedriol v. 1100; lat. vitreolus « vitreux » 1 ♦ Chim. Anc. Sulfate. Vitriol blanc (sulfate de zinc), bleu (de cuivre), vert (sulfate ferreux). 2 ♦ Huile de vitriol (1560) , et ellipt …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vitriol — VITRIÓL, vitrioluri, s.n. (pop.) Acid sulfuric (în soluţie concentrată). ♦ (înv.) Nume dat unor sulfaţi. [pr.: tri ol] – Din fr. vitriol. Trimis de ana zecheru, 08.04.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  VITRIÓL s. v. acid sulfuric. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004 …   Dicționar Român

  • vitriol — VITRIOL. s. f. Espece de mineral qui est acide. Vitriol commun. vitriol Romain. vitriol blanc. poudre de vitriol. esprit de vitriol …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • vitriol — [vi′trē ôl΄, vi′trē əl] n. [ME < MFr < ML vitriolum, vitriol < LL vitreolus, glassy < L vitreus, glassy: from the glassy appearance] 1. a) any of several sulfates of metals, as copper sulfate (blue vitriol), iron sulfate ( green… …   English World dictionary

  • vitriol — (n.) late 14c., sulphate of iron, from O.Fr. vitriol (13c.), from M.L. vitriolum vitriol, from neuter of vitriolus, from L.L. vitreolus of glass, from L. vitreus of glass, glassy, from vitrium glass (see VITREOUS (Cf. vitreous)). So called from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Vitriol — Vit ri*ol, v. t. [imp. & p. p. { oled}or { olled}; p. pr. & vb. n. { oling} or { olling}.] [From {Vitriol}, n.] 1. (Metal.) To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. To vitriolize. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vitriol — vitrìōl m <G vitrióla> DEFINICIJA kem. staro ime za galicu i za sumpornu kiselinu ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Vitriol ← lat. vitreus: staklen …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Vitriol — Vitriol, die allgemeine Bezeichnung für schwefelsaure Metallsäge; 1) Blauer od. Cyprischer V., ist Schwefelsaures Kupferoxyd, s. Kupfervitriol; 2) Grüner V., ist Schwefelsaures Eisenoxydul, s. Eisenvitriol; 3) Weißer (Zinkvitriol, Galizenstein),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vitriōl — Vitriōl, das Schwefelsäuresalz eines Metalls, z. B. Eisenvitriol (grüner V.), soviel wie schwefelsaures Eisenoxydul; Kupfervitriol (blauer V.). soviel wie schwefelsaures Kupferoxyd; Zinkvitriol (weißer V.), soviel wie schwefelsaures Zinkoxyd,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vitriol — Vitriōl, Bezeichnung aller in Wasser löslichen schwefelsauren Salze schwerer zweiwertiger Metalle, bes. des Zinks, Mangans, Eisens, Kobalts, Nickels und Kupfers. Blauer V. ist Kupfer V., grüner V. Eisen V., weißer V. Zink V.; Admonter, Salzburger …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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