Transom
Transom Tran"som, n. [Probably fr. L. transtrum a crossbeam, transom, from trans across. Cf. {Trestle}.] 1. (Arch.) A horizontal crossbar in a window, over a door, or between a door and a window above it. Transom is the horizontal, as mullion is the vertical, bar across an opening. See Illust. of {Mullion}. [1913 Webster]

2. (Naut.) One of the principal transverse timbers of the stern, bolted to the sternpost and giving shape to the stern structure; -- called also {transsummer}. [1913 Webster]

3. (Gun.) The piece of wood or iron connecting the cheeks of some gun carriages. [1913 Webster]

4. (Surg.) The vane of a cross-staff. --Chambers. [1913 Webster]

5. (Railroad) One of the crossbeams connecting the side frames of a truck with each other. [1913 Webster]

{Transom knees} (Shipbuilding), knees bolted to the transoms and after timbers.

{Transom window}. (Arch.) (a) A window divided horizontally by a transom or transoms. (b) A window over a door, with a transom between. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • transom — [tran′səm] n. [LME traunsom, prob. altered < L transtrum, crossbeam, lit., that which is across < trans: see TRANS ] 1. a crosspiece in a structure; specif., a) a lintel b) a horizontal crossbar across the top or middle of a window or the… …   English World dictionary

  • transom — mid 14c., transeyn crossbeam spanning an opening, lintel, probably by dissimilation from L. transtrum crossbeam (especially one spanning an opening), from trans across (see TRANS (Cf. trans )) + instrumental suffix trum. Meaning small window over …   Etymology dictionary

  • transom — ► NOUN 1) the flat surface forming the stern of a boat. 2) a strengthening crossbar, in particular one set above a window or door. ORIGIN Old French traversin, from traverser to cross …   English terms dictionary

  • transom — n. 1 a horizontal bar of wood or stone across a window or the top of a door (cf. MULLION). 2 each of several beams fixed across the stern post of a ship. 3 a beam across a saw pit to support a log. 4 a strengthening crossbar. 5 US = transom… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Transom — The term transom may refer to: * Transom (architectural), the horizontal lintel or beam across a window, dividing it into stages or heights. In the U.S. it also can refer to a fixed window over a door or another window * Transom (nautical), in… …   Wikipedia

  • transom — transomed, adj. /tran seuhm/, n. 1. a crosspiece separating a door or the like from a window or fanlight above it. 2. Also called transom light, transom window. a window above such a crosspiece. 3. a crossbar of wood or stone, dividing a window… …   Universalium

  • transom — noun a) A crosspiece over a door; a lintel. We are overwhelmed with transom resumes. b) A small hinged window above a door or another window. They only met the deadline by working most of the night and making a transom filing …   Wiktionary

  • transom — [ trans(ə)m] noun 1》 the flat surface forming the stern of a boat.     ↘a horizontal beam reinforcing the stern of a boat. 2》 a strengthening crossbar, in particular one set above a window or door. Compare with mullion. 3》 US term for transom… …   English new terms dictionary

  • transom — UK [ˈtræns(ə)m] / US [ˈtrænsəm] noun [countable] Word forms transom : singular transom plural transoms 1) a) a bar of wood or stone across a window that divides the window into two parts b) a bar of wood or stone across the top of a door that… …   English dictionary

  • transom — noun Etymology: Middle English transyn, traunsom, probably alteration of traversayn, from Middle French travessain, from Old French traversain set crosswise, from Vulgar Latin *traversanus, from Latin transversus transverse Date: 14th century 1.… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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