Vertical
Vertical Ver"ti*cal, a. [Cf. F. vertical. See {Vertex}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or highest point; directly overhead, or in the zenith; perpendicularly above one. [1913 Webster]

Charity . . . is the vertical top of all religion. --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster]

2. Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb; as, a vertical line. [1913 Webster]

{Vertical angle} (Astron. & Geod.), an angle measured on a vertical circle, called an angle of elevation, or altitude, when reckoned from the horizon upward, and of depression when downward below the horizon.

{Vertical anthers} (Bot.), such anthers as stand erect at the top of the filaments.

{Vertical circle} (Astron.), an azimuth circle. See under {Azimuth}.

{Vertical drill}, an drill. See under {Upright}.

{Vertical fire} (Mil.), the fire, as of mortars, at high angles of elevation.

{Vertical leaves} (Bot.), leaves which present their edges to the earth and the sky, and their faces to the horizon, as in the Australian species of Eucalyptus.

{Vertical limb}, a graduated arc attached to an instrument, as a theodolite, for measuring vertical angles.

{Vertical line}. (a) (Dialing) A line perpendicular to the horizon. (b) (Conic Sections) A right line drawn on the vertical plane, and passing through the vertex of the cone. (c) (Surv.) The direction of a plumb line; a line normal to the surface of still water. (d) (Geom., Drawing, etc.) A line parallel to the sides of a page or sheet, in distinction from a horizontal line parallel to the top or bottom.

{Vertical plane}. (a) (Conic Sections) A plane passing through the vertex of a cone, and through its axis. (b) (Projections) Any plane which passes through a vertical line. (c) (Persp.) The plane passing through the point of sight, and perpendicular to the ground plane, and also to the picture.

{Vertical sash}, a sash sliding up and down. Cf. {French sash}, under 3d {Sash}.

{Vertical steam engine}, a steam engine having the crank shaft vertically above or below a vertical cylinder. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:
(to the horizon), ,

### Look at other dictionaries:

• vertical — vertical, ale, aux [ vɛrtikal, o ] adj. et n. • 1587; point vertical 1545; bas lat. verticalis, de vertex, verticis « sommet » I ♦ Adj. 1 ♦ Qui suit la direction de la pesanteur, du fil à plomb en un lieu; perpendiculaire à un plan horizontal.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

• vertical — ver‧ti‧cal [ˈvɜːtɪkl ǁ ˈvɜːr ] adjective 1. HUMAN RESOURCES a vertical organization, system etc is one in which decisions and rules are passed on to employees through several different levels of management: • Our team has abandoned the vertical… …   Financial and business terms

• vertical — VERTICÁL, Ă, verticali, e, adj. Care este orientat perpendicular pe un plan orizontal; care are direcţia căderii corpurilor; (sens curent) care este orientat drept (în sus). ♢ Dreaptă verticală = dreaptă care uneşte un punct de pe pământ cu… …   Dicționar Român

• vertical — vertical, perpendicular, plumb can mean situated at right angles to the plane of the horizon or extending from that plane at such an angle. Vertical suggests a relation to the vertex or topmost point (see APEX 1); it is used most often when the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

• vertical — vertical, ale (vèr ti kal, ka l ) adj. 1°   Qui est placé haut au dessus de la tête, du vertex. •   Lorsque le soleil, au Capricorne, échauffe pendant trois semaines l île de France de ses feux verticaux...., BERN. DE ST PIERRE Paul et Virg..… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

• Vertical — Vertical, adj. & adv. welches aus dem Latein. verticalis entlehnet ist, scheitelrecht, so wie perpendiculär durch senkrecht gegeben wird. Einen Mörser vertical richten. Daher die Vertical Fläche, welche auf der horizontalen Fläche senkrecht… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

• Vertical — Ver ti*cal, n. 1. Vertical position; zenith. [R.] [1913 Webster] 2. (Math.) A vertical line, plane, or circle. [1913 Webster] {Prime vertical}, {Prime vertical dial}. See under {Prime}, a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• vertical — (Del lat. verticālis). 1. adj. Geom. Dicho de una recta o de un plano: Que es perpendicular a otra recta o plano horizontal. 2. Que tiene la dirección de una plomada. U. t. c. s. f.) 3. Que, en figuras, dibujos, escritos, impresos, etc., va de la …   Diccionario de la lengua española

• Vêrtical — Datos generales Origen Lima, Perú Información artística …   Wikipedia Español

• vertical — adj. 2 g. 1. Que forma um ângulo reto com o plano do horizonte (ex.: plano vertical). 2. Que está colocado no vértice. 3. Direito, aprumado. 4. Que está organizado segundo um esquema hierárquico (ex.: estruturas verticais de um organismo). • s. f …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa