Methyl alcohol
Methyl Meth"yl, n. [See {Methylene}.] (Chem.) A univalent hydrocarbon radical, {CH3-}, not existing alone but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl alcohol, methyl ether, methyl amine, etc. [Formerly written also {methule}, {methyle}, etc.] [1913 Webster]

{Methyl alcohol} (Chem.), a light, volatile, inflammable liquid, {CH3.OH}, obtained by the distillation of wood, and hence called {wood alcohol} or {wood spirit}; tecnically referred to as {methanol}; -- called also {methol}, {carbinol}, etc.

{Methyl amine} (Chem.), a colorless, inflammable, alkaline gas, {CH3.NH2}, having an ammoniacal, fishy odor. It is produced artificially, and also occurs naturally in herring brine and other fishy products. It is regarded as ammonia in which a third of its hydrogen is replaced by methyl, and is a type of the class of substituted ammonias.

{Methyl ether} (Chem.), a light, volatile ether {CH3.O.CH3}, obtained by the etherification of methyl alcohol; -- called also {methyl oxide} or {dimethyl ether}.

{Methyl green}. (Chem.) See under {Green}, n.

{Methyl orange}. (Chem.) See {Helianthin}.

{Methyl violet} (Chem.), an artificial dye, consisting of certain methyl halogen derivatives of rosaniline. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • methyl alcohol — Alcohol Al co*hol ([a^]l k[ o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • methyl alcohol — n METHANOL * * * (methanol) wood alcohol: an alcohol that is oxidized in the body much more slowly than ethyl alcohol and forms poisonous products. As little as 10 ml of pure methyl alcohol can produce permanent blindness, and 100 ml is likely to …   Medical dictionary

  • methyl alcohol — ► NOUN ▪ methanol …   English terms dictionary

  • methyl alcohol — n. METHANOL …   English World dictionary

  • methyl alcohol — methanol wood alcohol: an alcohol that is oxidized in the body much more slowly than ethyl alcohol and forms poisonous products. As little as 10 ml of pure methyl alcohol can produce permanent blindness, and 100 ml is likely to be fatal. The… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • methyl alcohol — metanolis statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃OH atitikmenys: angl. carbinol; colonial spirit; methanol; methyl alcohol; wood alcohol; wood spirit rus. древесный спирт; карбинол; метанол; метиловый спирт ryšiai: sinonimas – metilo alkoholis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • methyl alcohol — metilo alkoholis statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Vienas iš monohidroksilių alkoholių (CH₃OH) – bespalvis, degus skystis, reaguojantis su šarminiais metalais. Oksiduojasi, katalizatorių veikiamas atskelia vandenilį. Iš kvapo… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • methyl alcohol — noun a light volatile flammable poisonous liquid alcohol; used as an antifreeze and solvent and fuel and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol • Syn: ↑methanol, ↑wood alcohol, ↑wood spirit • Hypernyms: ↑alcohol, ↑fuel • Substance Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • methyl alcohol — noun (U) technical a poisonous alcohol that can be made from wood; methanol compare ethyl alcohol …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • methyl alcohol — /mɛθəl ˈælkəhɒl/ (say methuhl alkuhhol) noun a colourless, flammable, poisonous liquid, CH3OH, of the alcohol class, formerly obtained by the distillation of wood, but now produced synthetically from carbon monoxide and hydrogen, used as a fuel,… …   Australian English dictionary

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