mannitol man"ni*tol, n. [Mannite + -ol.] 1. (Chem.) A white crystalline hexose ({HO.CH2.(CHOH)4.CH2.OH}) of a sweet taste obtained from a so-called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash ({Fraxinus ornus}); -- called also {mannite}, and {hydroxy hexane}. Cf. {Dulcite}. It is used in pharmacy as excipient and diluent for solids and liquids. It is also used as a food additive for anti-caking properties, or as a sweetener, and, illegally, to "cut" (dilute) illegal drugs such as cocaine or heroin.

Syn: D-mannitol; manna sugar; cordycepic acid; Diosmol; Mannicol; Mannidex; Osmiktrol; Osmosal. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mannite — Man nite, n. 1. Same as {mannitol}. [PJC] 2. (Bot.) A sweet white efflorescence from dried fronds of kelp, especially from those of the {Laminaria saccharina}, or devil s apron. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mannite — [man′īt΄] n. [ MANN(A) + ITE2] MANNITOL mannitic [mə nit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • mannite — mannitol [ manitɔl ] n. m. • 1924; angl. mannitol (1879), ou réfect. en ol de mannite, 1815, de 1. manne ♦ Biochim. Polyalcool cristallin blanc, présent à l état libre ou combiné chez de nombreux êtres vivants. On dit aussi MANNITE n. f. ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mannite — (ma nni t ) s. f. Terme de chimie. Nom donné par Thenard à un principe sucré contenu dans la manne. Le sucre de champignon paraît n être que de la mannite. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Manne 1, et la finale chimique ite …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • mannite — manitolis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Manozės redukcijos produktas. formulė H(CHOH)₆H atitikmenys: angl. mannite; mannitol rus. маннит; маннитол …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mannite — noun Etymology: French, from manna, from Late Latin Date: 1827 mannitol …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mannite — /man uyt/, n. mannitol. [1820 30; MANN(OSE) + ITE1] * * * …   Universalium

  • mannite — noun mannitol …   Wiktionary

  • mannite — SYN: mannitol. * * * man·nite man .īt n MANNITOL * * * man·nite (manґīt) mannitol …   Medical dictionary

  • mannite — man·nì·te s.f. CO TS chim., farm. alcol polivalente presente in alcuni vegetali e componente principale della manna, preparato artificialmente per riduzione degli zuccheri, usato allo stato cristallino come blando lassativo oppure in soluzioni… …   Dizionario italiano

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