mannitol man"ni*tol, n. [Mannite + -ol.] 1. (Chem.) A white crystalline hexose ({HO.CH2.(CHOH)4.CH2.OH}) of a sweet taste obtained from a so-called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash ({Fraxinus ornus}); -- called also {mannite}, and {hydroxy hexane}. Cf. {Dulcite}. It is used in pharmacy as excipient and diluent for solids and liquids. It is also used as a food additive for anti-caking properties, or as a sweetener, and, illegally, to "cut" (dilute) illegal drugs such as cocaine or heroin.

Syn: D-mannitol; manna sugar; cordycepic acid; Diosmol; Mannicol; Mannidex; Osmiktrol; Osmosal. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mannitol — Général Nom IUPAC hexane 1,2,3,4,5,6 hexol Synonymes D mannitol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mannitol — [ manitɔl ] n. m. • 1924; angl. mannitol (1879), ou réfect. en ol de mannite, 1815, de 1. manne ♦ Biochim. Polyalcool cristallin blanc, présent à l état libre ou combiné chez de nombreux êtres vivants. On dit aussi MANNITE n. f. ● mannitol nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mannitol — [man′ə tôl΄, man′ətōl΄] n. [< MANNITE + OL1] a colorless, crystalline sugar alcohol, C6H8 (OH) 6, occurring in various plants and animals …   English World dictionary

  • Mannitol — D Mannitol Systematic (IUPAC) name (2 …   Wikipedia

  • Mannitol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Mannitol Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mannitol — (= D mannitol) Hexitol related to D mannose. Found in plants, particularly fungi and seaweeds …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • mannitol — /man i tawl , tol /, n. 1. Chem. a white, crystalline, sweetish, water soluble, carbohydrate alcohol, C6H8(OH)6, occurring in three optically different forms, the common one being found in the manna of the ash Fraxinus ornus and in other plants:… …   Universalium

  • mannitol — The hexahydric alcohol, widespread in plants, derived by reduction of fructose; used in renal function testing to measure glomerular filtration, and intravenously as an osmotic diuretic. SYN: manna s …   Medical dictionary

  • mannitol — manitolis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Manozės redukcijos produktas. formulė H(CHOH)₆H atitikmenys: angl. mannite; mannitol rus. маннит; маннитол …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mannitol — A drug used to decrease swelling of the brain and to treat kidney failure. Mannitol can also be used to open the blood brain barrier, which allows anticancer medicines to enter the brain and treat brain tumors …   English dictionary of cancer terms

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